THEORY: Internal Eye Evaluation
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Pathological elevation of disc margins.
When rim tissue has a white color and is dying. (pt would have (+)APD.)
Optic nerve atrophy
The observable compression of the central retinal wein at the disc.
SVP (Spontaneous Venous Pulsation)
Normal A/V ratio...
2/3; observed at least 1 disc diameter from disc
Normal Arterial Light Reflex...
1/3; observed at least 1 disc diameter from disc
Impeded blood flow at a vessel crossing.
The light reflection of the fovea in the macula.
FLR (Foveal Light Reflection)
Degeneration of the macula causing permanent loss of visual acuity.
An area of hyperpigmentation.
A leakage of blood outside the vessel.
Microinfarcts of the nerve fibers, with swelling of the nerve fibers from occlusion of small afterioles; white, fluffy.
Fluid leakage that has been reabsorbed, leaving a yellow, flat appearance.
Any break in the retinal later from trauma, disease, or anatomical variation.
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