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- The promise of letting everyone establish advisable self-image.
- Portrait=emblem of democracy.
- ‘Occupational Portrait’- Male subject with objects related to work.
- 1860- Early 20th century- upward mobility.
- When production was central to economic and social identity. (Not consumption).
image remain within family and friends (convey individuality)
image that resonated with the popular imagination
seeking to record 'objectively' a subject who must be made to conform to a social type
- View- scene itself (witness)
- Aesthetic landscape-artistic vision animates the image
- Topographic photograph- more descriptive and is part of the larger political/scientific discourse
High spiritual or intellectual worth
Picture like a painting. Strongly kindred spirits of painting and photography at the same time (last decades of 19th century) Amateur photographers. Art form into photography
effort to elevate photography to the level of the fine arts by answering its mechanical nature. Not painting but art photography
- Idea things are bigger.
- Progress is necessary
- emerged in 1936
- Purpose was to supply moving footage and still photo that promoted the workers' stuggle as part of a larger international movement
"photography to see what the world look like photographed"
- "mouring pictures"
- service to the consumer economy
Zone of Contention
- Controversies in a field.
- Decide new knowledge
- Want to be involved.
- Why when how
- Beyond assumptions.
- Need for a clarification in a field
- Book, learn romance, machine, conversation, preservation
- describes the work of art, interpret it, they evaluate it and theorize about it
- More than just judging
Exploratory aesthetic criticism
- critics delay judgment of value.
- Heavily on description and interpretive thought
Argumentative aesthetic criticism
- after sufficient interpretive analysis;
- critics estimate the work's positive aspects or lack of them and give full account of their judgement based on explicity stated criteria and standards
- How they did that
- what you see
- what does it mean
- what it means
- is how the subject matter is presented
- "shape of content:
what an art object is made of
Resemblance among diverse art objects from an artist, movement, time period or geo location
- what it means
- gather descriptive info that increases understanding of that photograph
- outside views
- Relationships to each other
- Seek descriptive information
what you see in the photograph
contain crucial info and interesting info that leads them to understand and appreciate images.
to make sense of an image
- out of the image (story, reason)
- Suggest, imply
- in the image (visual)
- Skills learned to the point you don't have to think of them anymore
- Can concentrate on something else
- Under normal conditions, no thought
Two thing resemblance
impersonal, universal and mythical
woman's view in society
- how they work in our thinking
- our reactions
- base on culture and how things work
- based primarily on consideration of the image's formal properties
- space, light and events
seeks more to understand how an image mean than what it means
manifestations of larger socital developments and social history
bio info about photographer and why they make the photos
want to know what the maker intended in an image or body or work
- ablitiy of the camera to record exact images w/ rich texture and great detail
- never losing contact with reality
isolating and organizing form for its own sake w/o the use of cameras and w/o concern for photography
Essentially a desire to record without intrusion to inform honestly, accuratley and above all convincingly
charged w/ emotional significance and inner meaning
tells about the artist, romantically self expressive
More about the world are realistic explorations more concerned w/ descriptions than suggestion
offer description, visual info w/ great or lesser detail
knowledge of what was psychologically present to the photo taker at time of exposure
- oldest theories mimesis and mimectiscism
- Accutrately portray the universe in all it variations
artist's intense experience is that basis of art making and that viewer should judge art according ot the feelings
- art for lifes sake
- art based on social moral and economic purposes