Hist 2110 Final Exam pt II

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Hist 2110 Final Exam pt II
2011-05-01 23:13:39
Hitler Cold War WWII Stalin Pearl Harbor

Continuing pt 1
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  1. Joseph Stalin
    • first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union'sCentral Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953.
    • Enforced Socialism
  2. Adolph Hitler
    Chancellor of Germany 1930-1945 leader in holocaust, WWII. amd facism in Europe
  3. National Socialism
    • Practice by the Nazi Party
    • Includes fascism that involved biological racism and antisemitism.
  4. Facism
    • believe that a nation requires strong leadership, singular collective identity, and the will and ability to commit violence and wage war in order to keep the nation strong
    • Anti Communist. anti-democratic, anti-individualist, anti-liberal, anti-parliamentary, anti-bourgeois and anti-proletarian, anti-conservative on certain issues, and in a number of cases anti-capitalist
  5. Totalalitarianism
    Political System where the state, usually under the power of a single political person, faction, or class, recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible
  6. Appeasement
    used as a synonym for weakness and even cowardice since the 1930s

    refer to a diplomatic policy aimed at avoiding war by making concessions to another power

    used by European democracies in the 1930s who wished to avoid war with the dictatorships of Germany and Italy
  7. Allied Powers
    • U.S.
    • Britain
    • France
    • USSR (Soviet Union)
  8. Axis Powers
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Japan
  9. Eastern European Front
    The Eastern Front, as the site of nearly all extermination camps, death marches, ghettos, and the majority of pogroms, was central to the Holocaust.
  10. Holocaust
    • the genocide of approximately six million European Jews during World War II,
    • state sponsored by Nazi Germany throughout Nazi-occupied territory
  11. Arsenal of Democracy
    Slogan created by FDR, when the US supplied the Britans with gunpower to fight Nazi Germany
  12. Asia for Asians
    Slogan used to cultivate conqured countries of SE Asia
  13. Pearl Harbor
    Surprise military strike done by the Japanese to the US
  14. Battle of Midway
    • Most important Naval Battle fought
    • effectively destroyed Japan’s naval strength when the Americans destroyed four of its aircraft carriers.
  15. Island Hopping or "Leap Frogging"
    crossing an ocean by a series of shorter journeys between islands
  16. Selective Service
    military draft

  17. Rosie the Riveter
    An image that represented women working in the factories
  18. Japanese-American Internment
    the relocation and internment by the United States government in 1942 of Japanese Americans and Japanese who lived along the Pacific coast of the United States to camps called "War Relocation Camps,"
  19. Operation Overlord
    code name for the Battle of Normandy, the operation that launched the invasion of German-occupied western Europe during World War II by Allied forces.
  20. Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    In the last stages of the WWII US dropped atomic bombs in these two areas
  21. North African Campaign
    Desert War Italians invaded Africa
  22. Battle of Leyte Gulf
    Largest Naval Battle in history,took place in the Philippine
  23. Yalta Conference
    • the purpose of discussing Europe's post-war reorganization.
    • it was intended to discuss the re-establishment of the nations of war-torn Europe
  24. Manhattan Project
    Development of the first atomic bomb