HIST 2110 pt III Final exam

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HIST 2110 pt III Final exam
2011-05-02 00:35:49
Marshall Plan Containment Warsaw Pact NATO Proxy Wars Eisenhower

Continuing the study guide
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  1. Post-WWII Superpowers
    • United States
    • British Empire
    • USSR
  2. European Recovery Program (ERP).
    Marshall offered American financial aid for a programme of European economic recovery.
    Marshall Plan
  3. Satellite States
    refers to a country that is formally independent, but under heavy political and economic influence or control by another country
  4. Sphere of Influence (SOI)
    is an area or region over which a state or organization has significant cultural, economic, military or political influence.
  5. Berlin Airlift Crisis
    response to the blockade set by Stalin to carry goods throughout Berlin
  6. Containment
    policy using military, economic, and diplomatic strategies to stall the spread of communism
  7. Domino theory
    that speculated that if one land in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect.
  8. Truman Doctrine
    was a policy set forth by President Harry S Truman

    states that U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent their falling into the Soviet sphere
  9. Hydrogen Bomb
    H-bomb weapon deriving a large portion of its energy from the nuclear fusion of hydrogen isotopes
  10. ICBMs
    Intercontiental Ballistic Missile
  11. Nuclear Deterrence
  12. United Nations
    Repalced the League of Nations after WWII created to stop wars on countries and provide a place where they could discusss their issues
  13. NATO
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    • A system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party
  14. Warsaw Pact

    *Communist version of NATO*
    a mutual defense treaty subscribed to by eight communist states inEastern Europe
  15. First World Country
    has a very advanced economy and very high Human Development Indices

    The US and its allies (Britan,France)
  16. Second World Country
    • describe the communist states within the Soviet Union's sphere of influence or those countries that had centrally-planned economies.
    • (USSR,China, and their allies)
  17. Third World Country
    • define countries that remained non-aligned with either capitalism and NATO
    • or communism and the Soviet Union
  18. Proxy Wars
    results when opposing powers use third parties as substitutes for fighting each other directly.
  19. National Security State
    referrs to the ideology and institutions (CIA, Dept. of Defense) established by the National Security Act of 1947
  20. The Second Red Scare
    national and foreign communists influencing society or infiltrating the federal government, or both (after WWII)
  21. Dwight Eisenhower
    • 34th president, after Truman and before Kennedy in office during
    • operation overlord
    • D Day
    • Pearl Harbor
  22. Cuban Missile Crisis
    was a confrontation among the Soviet Union, Cuba and the United States in October 1962, during the Cold War.