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- United States
- British Empire
European Recovery Program (ERP).
Marshall offered American financial aid for a programme of European economic recovery.
refers to a country that is formally independent, but under heavy political and economic influence or control by another country
Sphere of Influence (SOI)
is an area or region over which a state or organization has significant cultural, economic, military or political influence.
Berlin Airlift Crisis
response to the blockade set by Stalin to carry goods throughout Berlin
policy using military, economic, and diplomatic strategies to stall the spread of communism
that speculated that if one land in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect.
was a policy set forth by President Harry S Truman
states that U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent their falling into the Soviet sphere
H-bomb weapon deriving a large portion of its energy from the nuclear fusion of hydrogen isotopes
Intercontiental Ballistic Missile
Repalced the League of Nations after WWII created to stop wars on countries and provide a place where they could discusss their issues
- North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- A system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party
*Communist version of NATO*
a mutual defense treaty subscribed to by eight communist states inEastern Europe
First World Country
has a very advanced economy and very high Human Development Indices
The US and its allies (Britan,France)
Second World Country
- describe the communist states within the Soviet Union's sphere of influence or those countries that had centrally-planned economies.
- (USSR,China, and their allies)
Third World Country
- define countries that remained non-aligned with either capitalism and NATO
- or communism and the Soviet Union
results when opposing powers use third parties as substitutes for fighting each other directly.
National Security State
referrs to the ideology and institutions (CIA, Dept. of Defense) established by the National Security Act of 1947
The Second Red Scare
national and foreign communists influencing society or infiltrating the federal government, or both (after WWII)
- 34th president, after Truman and before Kennedy in office during
- operation overlord
- D Day
- Pearl Harbor
Cuban Missile Crisis
was a confrontation among the Soviet Union, Cuba and the United States in October 1962, during the Cold War.