Language disorders final Essay

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AshMo
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83156
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Language disorders final Essay
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2011-05-02 11:51:30
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Language Disorders Final essay
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Key terms for the final in Language Disorders
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  1. norm-refernced test
    Compares an individuals performance to the performance of a sample of his/her peers.
  2. Standardized sample
    a subgroup of individuals chosen to be representative of teh normative population of interest
  3. Contrastive analysis
    Childs utternaces are contrasted against "expanded" adult model
  4. Age equvailent score
    derived socres expressed as the chonological age or grade placement of that group for whom an obtained score was typical
  5. standard scores
    a general term refering to transformed or normalized scores used to compare an individuals performance to that of his/her peers standard scores
  6. Standard Deviation
    measure for expressing the amount of dispersion or variability ina set of scores with reference to the mean
  7. Validity
    the extent to which an insturment measures what it claims to measure
  8. reliability
    the extent to which results obtained by an instrument with a given subject are similar or consistent
  9. Central Tendency
    The tendency for observations or valused to cluster around some value
  10. Baseline
    The prevalent rate or frequncy at which a specific langauge behavior occurs prior to intervention
  11. Target response
    A language skill should be specified in such a way that its occurence or non-occurence can be easily identified
  12. Criterion of Mastery
    a structure used correctly in 90% of accuracy of obligatory contexts
  13. Remedial Logic
    goals based on normal sequence may not represent all children, goals are more functional may be more valuable to individuals clients to serve thier communication needs
  14. Developmental logic approach
    Goals are derrived from normal language devlopment sequences. children learn sturcre according to what is easier and more useful
  15. Stimulus
    The primary object/event/ relationship in whose presence a specific langauge behavior is expected response
  16. Prompt
    the primary verbal simuli presented to evoke a respone to the stimulus
  17. Cues
    audtiory, visula, and or kinesthetic/tactile stimlu provided in addtion to the primary stimulus to promote facilitate or support correct respondig by the client
  18. Modeling
    a procedure in wich the clinicain provides an auditory stimulus to be imitated by the client.
  19. Imitation
    A response by the client that is realitively immediate reproduction of an auditory stimulus (the model) provided by the clinician
  20. Leveling
    The ability of teh clinician to adjust the various management factors so as to fine tune the learning experience of a client
  21. Expansion
    A procedure used by the clinician that may supplement either imitative or spontateous response by the client
  22. Extension
    a procedure used by the clinician that involves commenting on the topic of a child's utternace but not necessarily using the same words
  23. Generalization
    transferring/maintaing the behavior to a varitey stimlu settings and audiences
  24. Reinforcement
    any event that follows a response and increases its frequency or strength
  25. Establishment
    creating a behavior that is infrequent or nonexistent
  26. systematic programming plan
    Orderly sequence of training steps that are designed to cause the client to produce a selected language behavior. Clinician provides maximum stimulus report in the early stages and gradually withdraws the support until the client is able to make the response more spontaneously
  27. Expressive Language sample
    determines the exsistence of a problem, describe the childs current baseline, determines goals for mangagemetn and measure behavioral change over time
  28. Grammar
    a Hypothesis is regarding the system of rules used by the speakers/listeners of a language to produce and understand sentences
  29. Semantics
    The study of how language units acquire meaning of the speakers/listners of a language sample
  30. Pragmatics
    study of speaker/listener intentions and relations and all elements of the context in which the message occurs

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