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When can an animal put on antibiotics be safely slaughtered?
Depends on antibiotic withdrawal time
Why are low levels of antibiotics in meat dangerous to man?
it can create antibiotic resistant bacteria
Prescription drugs are
drugs only used on order of a licensed veterinarian
What harm might the client do if they stop giving an antibiotic when the animal starts to look better instead of completing prescribed days of treatment?
The infection may not be fully gone, so it could come back. could also cause some resistance if the infection comes back.
Why do we treat skin infections with antibiotics for 30 days, cuts for 5 days, and pneumonia for 10 days?
Depending on the bacteria, that is how long it takes the antibiotics to fully work/kill all the harmful organisms.
Name 3 reasons the same dose of drug can have varying effects within a species.
- 1. Breed - metabolism (hot blooded vs cold)
- 2. Age - still growing?
- 3. Disease or illness (diabetic, ulcers, cushings)
- 4. Weight
The majority of drugs are metabolized in the...
Name 3 ways drugs are excreted by the body.
- 1. Urine/feces
- 2. sweat
- 3. exhailing/breathing
Define withdrawal time.
the amount of time it takes for a drug to leave the body (safe for human consumption).
Name the 4 cardinal signs of inflammation.
- 1. redness
- 2. hotness
- 3. swelling
- 4. pain
NSAID's are not used in which case?
Corticosteroids are the drug of choice in treating...
2. Strongid (Pyrantel)
3. Equell (Ivermectin)
4. Quest (Moxidectan)
6. Panacure (Fenbendazole)
- 1. Tape worms
- 2. Round worms, Strongyles
- 3. Bots, Strongyles, Roundworms
- 4. Bots, Strongyles, Rounds, Encysted Strongyles
- 5. Coccidia
- 6. Strongyles, Rounds, Encysted Strongyles
- Tetracycline (Oxytet)
Swinging lameness (muscular) - causes?
- Bowed tendon
- Navicular disease
Supporting Lameness - causes
- Fractured PII
- Abscess in foot
Name 4 questions you would ask in filling out a history other than name, age, sex, breed and vaccine record when dealing with lameness?
- 1. What was the animal doing when it happened?
- 2. How long has it been going on? (acute/chronic)
- 3. What is the animal used for?
- 4. Has it improved/gotten worse/stayed the same?
Front leg lameness
- head goes down when good leg strikes the ground.
- -down on sound
The number one cause of lameness in the horse
abscess in the foot/hoof
The classic stance for a horse with Laminitis is
front feet out ahead of body, hind feet under body
For bruises, abscesses and corns the accepted initial treatment is Poulticing the foot. What does poultice do?
moisturizes the foot - draws out excess material/infection
Once the bruise/abscess has come out of the foot and before the farrier replaces the shoes, we need to
toughen the foot
Bruising at the bars
1 bulb of heel is higher than the other
Bulbs of heel closer together
Long toe, no heel
Short toe, long heel
High ringbone involves which bones and what joint?
- Bones - PI, PII
- Joint - Pastern
1. Injury to superficial digital flexor tendon
2. Injury to MCIV
3. Injury to fetlock
4. Injury to suspensory ligament
5. Injury to MCIII
- 1. Bowed tendon
- 2. Splint
- 3. Osselett
- 4. Desmitis
- 5. Bucked shins
Arthritic change to the tarsal/metatarsal joint is called?
Soft tissue swelling of the tibial/tarsal joint is called?
1. Whorl bone
- 1. Hip
- 2. Stifle
- 3. Plantar ligament
- 4. Shoulder
1. Stall rest
2. Surgery to stabilize neck
3. Oxytetracycline in first 48 hrs
- 1. Ephyphisitis
- 2. Wobblers Syndrome
- 3. Contracted tendons
- 4. Lax tendons
Most all Developmental Orthopedic Disease (DOD) is caused by imbalance of what elements?
To properly ultrasound the abdomen of a horse you would use that head?
Radiographic waste is created and has to be properly collected and disposed of during what exam?
Radiation exposure is a concern in what advanced test?
The best way to view gastric ulcers?