Lg Animal Final 3

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lafor1be
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83159
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Lg Animal Final 3
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2011-05-02 01:39:35
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Lg Animal Final
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Lg Animal Final 3
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  1. When can an animal put on antibiotics be safely slaughtered?
    Depends on antibiotic withdrawal time
  2. Why are low levels of antibiotics in meat dangerous to man?
    it can create antibiotic resistant bacteria
  3. Prescription drugs are
    drugs only used on order of a licensed veterinarian
  4. What harm might the client do if they stop giving an antibiotic when the animal starts to look better instead of completing prescribed days of treatment?
    The infection may not be fully gone, so it could come back. could also cause some resistance if the infection comes back.
  5. Why do we treat skin infections with antibiotics for 30 days, cuts for 5 days, and pneumonia for 10 days?
    Depending on the bacteria, that is how long it takes the antibiotics to fully work/kill all the harmful organisms.
  6. Name 3 reasons the same dose of drug can have varying effects within a species.
    • 1. Breed - metabolism (hot blooded vs cold)
    • 2. Age - still growing?
    • 3. Disease or illness (diabetic, ulcers, cushings)
    • 4. Weight
  7. The majority of drugs are metabolized in the...
    Liver
  8. Name 3 ways drugs are excreted by the body.
    • 1. Urine/feces
    • 2. sweat
    • 3. exhailing/breathing
  9. Define withdrawal time.
    the amount of time it takes for a drug to leave the body (safe for human consumption).
  10. Name the 4 cardinal signs of inflammation.
    • 1. redness
    • 2. hotness
    • 3. swelling
    • 4. pain
  11. NSAID's are not used in which case?
    gastric ulsers
  12. Corticosteroids are the drug of choice in treating...
    autoimmune disease
  13. Dewormers
    1. Praziquantel
    2. Strongid (Pyrantel)
    3. Equell (Ivermectin)
    4. Quest (Moxidectan)
    5. Sulphonamides
    6. Panacure (Fenbendazole)
    • 1. Tape worms
    • 2. Round worms, Strongyles
    • 3. Bots, Strongyles, Roundworms
    • 4. Bots, Strongyles, Rounds, Encysted Strongyles
    • 5. Coccidia
    • 6. Strongyles, Rounds, Encysted Strongyles
  14. Bacteriostatic
    • Sulfadiazine
    • Tetracycline (Oxytet)
    • Chloramphenicol
  15. Bacteriocidal
    • Penicillin
    • Gentamicin
    • Trimethoprim/sulfadiazine
  16. Swinging lameness (muscular) - causes?
    • Bowed tendon
    • Navicular disease
    • Sweeney
  17. Supporting Lameness - causes
    • Fractured PII
    • Abscess in foot
  18. Name 4 questions you would ask in filling out a history other than name, age, sex, breed and vaccine record when dealing with lameness?
    • 1. What was the animal doing when it happened?
    • 2. How long has it been going on? (acute/chronic)
    • 3. What is the animal used for?
    • 4. Has it improved/gotten worse/stayed the same?
  19. Front leg lameness
    • head goes down when good leg strikes the ground.
    • -down on sound
  20. The number one cause of lameness in the horse
    abscess in the foot/hoof
  21. The classic stance for a horse with Laminitis is
    front feet out ahead of body, hind feet under body
  22. For bruises, abscesses and corns the accepted initial treatment is Poulticing the foot. What does poultice do?
    moisturizes the foot - draws out excess material/infection
  23. Once the bruise/abscess has come out of the foot and before the farrier replaces the shoes, we need to
    toughen the foot
  24. Bruising at the bars
    corns
  25. 1 bulb of heel is higher than the other
    sheared heels
  26. Bulbs of heel closer together
    contracted heels
  27. Long toe, no heel
    underun heel
  28. Short toe, long heel
    club foot
  29. High ringbone involves which bones and what joint?
    • Bones - PI, PII
    • Joint - Pastern
  30. 1. Injury to superficial digital flexor tendon
    2. Injury to MCIV
    3. Injury to fetlock
    4. Injury to suspensory ligament
    5. Injury to MCIII
    • 1. Bowed tendon
    • 2. Splint
    • 3. Osselett
    • 4. Desmitis
    • 5. Bucked shins
  31. Arthritic change to the tarsal/metatarsal joint is called?
    bone spaven
  32. Soft tissue swelling of the tibial/tarsal joint is called?
    Bog spaven
  33. 1. Whorl bone
    2. Gonitis
    3. Curb
    4. Sweeney
    • 1. Hip
    • 2. Stifle
    • 3. Plantar ligament
    • 4. Shoulder
  34. Treatment
    1. Stall rest
    2. Surgery to stabilize neck
    3. Oxytetracycline in first 48 hrs
    4. Exercise
    • 1. Ephyphisitis
    • 2. Wobblers Syndrome
    • 3. Contracted tendons
    • 4. Lax tendons
  35. Most all Developmental Orthopedic Disease (DOD) is caused by imbalance of what elements?
    • Calcium
    • Phosphorus
  36. To properly ultrasound the abdomen of a horse you would use that head?
    3 MHz
  37. Radiographic waste is created and has to be properly collected and disposed of during what exam?
    sintography
  38. Radiation exposure is a concern in what advanced test?
    Fluroscopy
  39. The best way to view gastric ulcers?
    Endoscopy

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