Endocrine SYstem

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  1. The functions of the endocrine system incude

    a) cellular communication
    b) precise timing of development
    c) maintaining fluid balance
    d) all of the above are correct
    d) all of the above are correct
  2. Regulates the pituitary

    A) thymus
    B) pancreas
    C) hypothalamus
    C) hypothalamus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Produces T cells

    A) pancreas
    B) hypothalamus
    C) thymus
    C) thymus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Monitors blood glucose (insulin and glucagon)

    A) hypothalamus
    B) thymus
    C) pancreas
    C) pancreas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Raises blood calcium

    A) adrenal glands
    B) thyroid glands
    C) pituitary glands
    D) pineal glands
    E) parathyroid glands
    E) parathyroid glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Helps with sleep and (possibly puberty) melatonin.

    A) pituitary glands
    B) pineal glands
    C) thyroid glands
    D) adrenal glands
    E) parathyroid glands
    B) pineal gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Raises blood glucose (cortisol, epinephrine, norepinephrine), affects sodium/potassium levels (aldosterone), produces small amounts of sex hormones.

    A) parathyroid glands
    B) thyroid glands
    C) pituitary glands
    D) pineal glands
    E) adrenal glands
    E) adrenal glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Increase metabolic rates (T3 and T4), regulates development, lowers blood calcium (calcitonin).

    A) pineal glands
    B) adrenal glands
    C) thyroid glands
    D) parathyroid glands
    E) pituitary glands
    C) thyroid glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Stimulates the thyroid and adrenal glands. Stimulates water retention, uterine contraction, egg/sperm development, milk production hormone, and growth hormone.

    A) pituitary glands
    B) parathyroid glands
    C) pineal glands
    D) adrenal glands
    E) thyroid glands
    A) pituitary glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The posterior pituitary gland secretes

    A) hypothalamic relaeasing factors
    B) human growth hormone
    C) oxytocin
    D) ACTH
    C) oxytocin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The hormone produced from the adrenal cortex include.

    A) human growth hormone
    B) glucagon
    C) endorphins
    D) glucocorticoids
    D) glucocorticoids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. _______ is an example of an autoimmune disease of the endocrine glands.

    A) Goiter
    B) Addison's disease
    C) Cushing's disease
    D) Diabetes insipidus
    B) Addison's disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The endocrine gland that serves as an internal biological clock is the_____.

    A) pineal gland
    B) throid
    C) thymus
    D) pituitary gland
    A) pineal gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The hormones secreted by the atria of the heart is involved in _____.

    A) digestion
    B) the production of red blood cells
    C) absorbing calcium
    D) maintaining blood volume
    D) maintaining blood volume
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The brain grows most quickly during_____.

    A) senescence
    B) infancy
    C) adulthood
    D) the neonatal period
    B) infancy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The two hormones responsible for the onset of puberty are _____.

    A) FSH and ADH
    B) melatonin and oxytocis
    C) LH and ACTH
    D) FSH and LH
    D) FSH and LH
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. jfjj





















    The nervous system along with the ________ system coordinates homeostasis?

  18. The nervous system along with the ________ system coordinates homeostasis?

    A) endocrine
    B) respiratory
    C) reproductive
    D) lymphatic
    A) endocrine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Nonsteriod hormone activity include

    a) Activation of adenylate cyclase
    b) Activation of protein kinases by cAMP
    c) Binding of hormone to cell surface receptors
    d) all of the above
    e) none of the above
    d) all of the above
  20. The ______ gland produces the hormone melatonin?

    a) adrenal
    b) thyroid
    c) pineal
    d) pituitary
    pineal
  21. The thyroid gland secretes the hormone _______ that regulates blood calcium levels?

    A) Calcitonin
    B) T4
    C) Glucagon
    D) T3
    A) calcitonin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Human growth hormone (hGH) promotes?

    A) growth of muscles
    B) all of these
    C) none of these
    D) metabolism of fat
    E) protein synthesis
    B) all of the above
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The adrenal gland lies on top of the ________?

    A) kidneys
    B) liver
    C) pancreas
    e) gallbladder
    A) kidney
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Addison disease and Cushing syndrome are associated with:

    A) adrenal gland
    B) pituitary gland
    C) pancreas
    D) thyroid gland
    A) adrenal gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following is NOT an effect of aging seen in the urinary system?

    A) ADH sensitivity increases
    B) Number of functional nephrons decline
    C) Glomerular filtration increases
    d) all of the above
    e) none of the above
    B) Number of functional nephrons decline
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Steroid hormones act relatively fast when compared with nonsteroid hormones and nerve impulses?

    a) true
    b) false
    b) false
  27. The pituitary gland secretes oxytocin that targets mammary gland ducts for milk production?

    a) true
    b) false
    b) false
  28. Hyperthyroidism is the oversecretion of thyroid hormones:

    a) true
    b) false
    a) true
  29. The pancreas is both an endocrine and exocrine gland?

    a) true
    b) false
    a) true
  30. Childhood development brings the ability to reproduce?

    a) true
    b) false
    b) false
  31. Limits on cellular division is one line of thought on what causes aging:

    a) true
    b) false
    a) true
  32. This gland secretes PTH which is important in controlling blood calcium levels.

    A) parathyroid
    B) thyroid
    C) pituitary
    D) hypothalamus
    A) parathyroid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The production of ______ is by the pancreas is stimulated by an increase in blood _______ levels.

    A) Insulin, glycagon
    B) Insulin, glucose
    C) Glucagon, sucrose
    D) Insulin, sucrose
    E) Glucagon, glucose
    B) Insulin, glucose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. An immune response launched against healthy tissues, destroying normal organs.
    autoimmune
  35. Highly reactive ions, such as oxygen.

    A) neonates
    B) autoimmune
    C) free radicals
    D) somatostatin
    C) free radicals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. A group of enzymes, all of which transfer a phosphate from one compound to another.

    A) Somatostatin
    B) Autoimmine
    C) Cyclic AMP (cAMP)
    D) Kinase
    D) Kinase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Naturally occurring compounds that reduce the sensation of pain and produce a feeling of well-being.

    A) cortisol releasing hormones
    B) basal metabolic rate
    C) endorphins
    D) mineralcorticoids
    C) endorphins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. A compound secreted by the hypothalamus into the portal system, leading to the pituitary gland; causes release of ACTH; a pituitary hormone.

    A) Basal metabolic rate
    B) Mineralcorticoids
    C) Cortisol-releasing hormones
    D) Endorphins
    C) Cortisol-releasing hormones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Thin outer layer of any organ
    cortex
Author
ID
83160
Card Set
Endocrine SYstem
Description
BIo Exam
Updated
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