AFS final Exam
Home > Flashcards > Print Preview
The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards
. What would you like to do?
- -President Andrew Jackson required for the confederate states to abolish slavery in their states in order to be readmitted back into the union.
- -reconstruction act of 1867
Reconstruction Act of 1867:
part of Congressional Reconstruction, disfranchised former Confederate leaders, divided confederate states, except Tenn., into 5 military districts under Union army commanders; required the election a constitutional convention, through political representation; majorityof state’s voters are to approve the new constitution & ratify the 14th Amendment; franchised Blacks in the District of Columbia &extended term of the Freedman’s Bureau
- -Jan 31, 1865
- -Abolished slavery in all of the Union states
Civil Rights Act (CRA) of 1866
- -April 9, 1866
- -Gave blacks the same rights as whites except for the rignt to vote
- -forbide discriminatory laws by states
- -defined citizenship by the federal government
- -gave blacks the right to enter into contacts, to sue, togive evidence in court and to own property.
- -June 13, 1866
- -made civil rights legislation permanent
- -due process
- -guranteed blacks equal protection under law
- -Feb. 26, 1868
- -prohibited states from denying citizens the right to vote based on religion, race or color (only males).
- -states were allowed to set forth other qualifications for voters.
Civil Rights Act of 1971 (CRA)
- -Feb 28, 1871
- -also known as the “Ku Klux
- Klan Act”, outlawed wearing disguises upon public highways or in another person’s home for the purposes of depriving them of equal
- protection of the laws;
- -empowered federal courts to oversee &
- supervise elections; became a federal crime to interfere with their work;
- -embattled federal courts to combat any attempt to violently curtail the exercise of constitutional rights
CRA of 1875
- -March 1, 1975
- -entitled all persons within the
- US jurisdiction to full enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages,& privileges of inns, public conveyances on land or water;theaters, and other places of public entertainment regardless of
- race, color, or condition of previous servitude
- -Est. by Congress in 1865
- -AKA the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned lands
- -purpose was to give aid former slaves and white refugees
- -Provided food, clothing, supplies, job placement, education and homestead land to people
- -directed by Gen. Olive O. Howard
- -disbanded by congress in 1872
Historically Black Colleges and Universities Est. during Reconstrustion
- -Fisk- Tennessee
- -Tougaloo- Alabama
- -Lincoln institute-
- -Shaw University
- -Rust- Mississippi
- -St. Augustine's-NC
- -St. Paul's Virginia
Southern Homestead Act
- -1866 est. by Congress as an attempt to provide land for the freedman passage
- -set aside land for black people and white southerns
- -land was unsuitable for farming
- -many lacked the finacial resources to keep up
- -Act ended up failing
American Missionary Association
- -abolistionist and congregationist
- -worked with the freedman bureau to help est. historically black colleges and universities
- 1) Slavery was replaced by a system of compulsory “paid” Black labor
- 2) The Freedman’s Bureau played a critical role in this new Black exploitation system
- 3) Black avenues of escape were blocked in at least 2 ways
- a. orthern concerns & racial discrimination
- b. Ex-slaves’ lack of capital for buying land & developing homesteads
- 4) The North needed Southern made cotton products as much as the South
- 5) Labor shortages in the North were filled by 10s of millions of European immigrants
- 6) Millions of acres of public land were given to European settlers, railroads, and private interests, Not to Ex-Slaves!!!
- -State laws regulating the activities of Blacks in the south after the Civil War;
- -key objective was control Black labor outside of the plantation system
- -Varied from state to state
- -Some forbade Blacks from owning land, or carrying fire arms
- -Required written proof of employment for the coming year; due each January
- -Wages forfeited if employee left job end of a contract
- -Blacks could not rent urban land
- -Vagrancy punished by fines or involuntary labor on plantations
- -Punishments for insulting whites, preaching the Gospel w/o a license
South Carolina Codes
- -Blacks from working in nonagricultural jobs…violators paid $100 annual tax
- -Required signing annual employment contracts specifying the hours of work; employees could not leave plantation w/o permission…Traveling circus performers & fortune tellers could be charged w/vagrancy & forced to work on plantations free
4 Ways to Lack Integrity
- 1) Opportunist
- 3) Camille
- 4) Self-decieved
- adopts values for gain and benefits.
- ex. Donald Trump running for president
- private set of values are different from theirpublic values.
- -biggest hypocrit-U.S, Founding Fathers, Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson
-person doesn't have value of own, adopt to one of society change as society does.
one who actually believes that they are motivated by a set of values, but are really motivated by a seperate set of values
Basic form of integrity
-what you say & think and do are consistant.
when you work for someone, they give you a piece of land to honest. You get a percentage of the sale from harvest. Usually didn't get paid till after the crops have harvested.
- democrats wanted southern states restored to conservative, whit political control.
- -1875 regained control of MS,FL, LA, SC
- -republican leaders murdered( black & white)
Election Day Eufaula, Alabama
- -whitered men killed 7 and injuried 70 black voters.
- -democrats won the election
Shot Gun Policy
- violent campagin unleashed by mississippi
- -declared open warefare on the black majority
- -small mostly black town
- -was a key event of South Carolina Reconstruction. Beginning with a dispute over free passage on a public road, this racially motivated incident concluded with the death of seven men. It launched the furious 1876 Democratic campaign for South Carolina's
- “Redemption,” inaugurating single-party white supremacist rule, and leading to nearly a century of "Jim Crow" denial of civil rights
- -led to the shot gun policy by the democrats
Compromise of 1877
originated with an minstrel show routine called "jump jim crow" that a white performer, thomas 'daddy' rice.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
- -1892 homer Plessy brought a 1st class ticket & attempted to ride on the coach designated for white people
- -arrested 4 violating new segregation law.
- -ruled against Plessy & upheld LA segregation law.
- -raised $6,000, & hired a ship to take black people to liberia.
- -ended up experiencing hardship and couldn't pay for future trips.
- -black people that headed west and moved to kansas
- to enjoy all of the rights guaranteed by law.
- -5 men founded kansas town-Nicodemusn
- -founded Langston, Oklahoma
- businesses and planters leased convicts from state to build railroads, clear swamps, cut timber, tend cotton, and work mines.
- -ended becoming outlawed
-name given to black soldiers who indured harse conditons by the indians.
- -worst example of hostility of black troops in texas
- -august 14, 1906
- 150 shots rang out, 1 man dead, others injured
- -President Roosevelt dismissed 3 companies of black men with no pension or benefits
- -tended to animals
- -rode with indians, mexicans, and whites
- -rode on horses
- -were discriminated against
Washington Co. Riot
- -1886 texas
- -democrats tried to seize ballot boxes
- -armed black men resisted, shot one of the white men and they were arrested
- -they broke into the jail and kidnapped 3 of the men and lynched them
- -black man got 25yrs, while white guys who lynched got off and their was no investigation done.
- -white republican urged black men to fil out affidivit if they were not permitted to vote.
- -provoked confrontation w/ democrat.
- -shots were fired, repub. wounded.
- -rampage through greenwood county, black men killed
- -Wilmington, NC
- -Alex Manly- black newspaper writer, wrote an article about white
- -white mob destroyed newspaper office
- -black & white republicans resigned, blacks fled wilmigton
- whites brought up their homes
News Orleans Riot
- Robert Charles were harassed by white police officers
- -both pulled out gun, shot each other. Charles escaped to hide
- -found, then engaged in shot-out with over 20,000.
- -ended up getting burned out and his body stomped on to death
1870-first AA to serve in US senate
- -author, suffarist, abolistionist,salesman
- -escaped slavery by pretending to be sailor
- -wrote autobiography-"Narractive of the Live of Fredrick Douglas,an american slave"
- -author of "North Start"
- -president of reconstruction era
- -1st AA to run for president
Booker T. Washington
- -speech at Cotton states international convention
- -borned into slavery
- -sucessor to Douglas
- -amoung 1st AA nationalist
- -traveled around world lecturing slavery
- -born into slavery
- -sues railroad
- -her writings were the official 1st writings of lynching
- one of the many teachers who migrated to the south after civil war to instruct freed people
Charlotte E. Ray
- 1st AA woman to earn a law degree.
- -1st AA admitted to the practice of law in Wash. DC
- born slave in SC
- -reconstruction leader
- -served on senate
- -not the usually black rigths leader
- -used violence in his protests
The Gibbs Brothers
- -black leaders during the reconstruction
- -Mifflin Gibbsonly AA in 19th century elected to 2 political office in 2 nations.
- *est. 1st black newspaper in CA, "The mirror of the times"
The rollin Sisters
- -organized women's rights convention in columbia
- -rallied for woman rights
- -lieutenant in SC militia
- -appealed for aid to protect the republicans and black communities in "An Appeal for help Against the Klan"
Johnson C. Whittaker
- -was a cadet
- -covicted of of conduct overbecoming an officer and lying, was found bloody and was said to have mutilated himself.
- -1st black movie stars
- -"The Bull-Dogger"
Maggie Lena Walker
- -1 of the wealthiest balck women in US
- -business woman, community leader
- -Grand Matron of the Order of St. Luke
- -1st black chief exective of an bank
- -"The entertainer"
Thomas E. miller
- 1st president of the Colored Normal, Industrial, Agricultral, and Mechanical College of South Carolina
- -address to the Bamberg County Colored Fair
- -AKA Madame C.J. Walker
- -developed formula to enrich the hair of black women
white northerns who moved to the south in the wake of the war
-native white southerners, small farmers, in regions of the south who hoped for economic relief from republican governments.
served 1 month as governor in LA after white govenor was removed from office
1st black man to serve in the US house of representatives during the reconstruction
What would you like to do?
Home > Flashcards > Print Preview