WH chp 17
Card Set Information
WH chp 17
Why was the League of nations weak?
it could only use economic sanctions
Was the US in the league of nations?
Wht did economic sanctions do?
disallowed trade to happen
What is the Dawes Plan?
it helps Germany to pay its reparations and brings US investment into Europe
Who set up the Dawes Plan?
Why did German inflation rise?
they were forced to pay reparations to France and forced to pay the wages of their workers
Name 2 peace treaties
This was between France and Germany, secures their borders, and puts Germany into the League of Nations
this made 63 nations pledge to renounce war as an instrument of national policy
Why was the Kellogg-Briand Act not a good way to keep peace?
because many nations promised to do these things but never did
Name 5 causes of the Great Depression
Downturns in the economies of individual nations
International financial crisis of the US stock market
Name 3 effects of the Great Depression
Increased government activity in the economy
Renewed interest in the Marxist doctrines (communism)
People began to follow leaders who offered simple solutions and dictatorial power
Who was the first to use fascism?
This type of government puts the stat above all else, a focus on nationalism, had hatred towards a particular group
Why was mussolini not considered a fascist by some?
he never excluded a certain group
Why did fascists never have complete control of a nation?
it was closely linked to the Church
How did Mussolini keep people scared of him?
Secrert police (OVRA) could arrest anyone
How did Mussolini keep his control?
through the spread of propaganda through the media
Name four democratic states
had the Weimar republic with bad leaders and economic issues
had the strongest democratic state in Europe, had economic troubles and little faith in their political system
had economic issues, conservatives halp to ignore the Keynes
had FDR and the New Deal, welfare system, public works program
this nation was suffering and people were dying of starvation
This was thought of by Lenin and allowed farmers and small businesses some form of capitalism and helped Russia's economy a great deal
New Economic Policy
Who comes to power once Lenin dies
This was put in place by Stalin, an attempt to turn Russia into an industrial nation instead of an agricultural one, set up economic goals for 5 years
Five Year plans
This was the eliminating of private farms and gathering them in large plots of land under government regulation, creating no food for cities because peasants hoarded produce and killed livestock
Collectivization of Farms
Name 4 costs of Stalin's plans for Russia
People died of starvation
bad living conditions
dissenters were sent to labor camps on Siberia
political opponents were tried and killed
This happened in Russia when million were arrested and thousands were killed
The Great Purge
What did authoritarian state want to do?
preserve the existing social order
Had a civil war led by Fascist, France, against the democratic governemnt, won the support of Italy and Germany
Had failure of parliamentary syatems, landowers, churches, and the middlie class supported authoritarian governments to maintain the status quo
Leader of the Nazis
The German Workers Party
Who writes Mein Kampf, and what does that translate to?
What does Hitler talk about in Mein Kampf? (5)
Social Darwinian theory of struggle
Lebensraum (building of a bigger Germany)
Who joins germany and quickly takes control of the National Socialist?
Why is Hitler jailed?
an unsuccessful Beer Hall Putsch led by the Brownshirts
german takeover of the government
The german parliament
Is the Nazi party the largest in Parliament?
What does the Nazi party appeal to?
the creation of a new Germany that is free of economic failure
what is Hitler appointed in 1933?
This was passed and said that the government could ignore the Constitution for four years while they fix the nation's most pressing problems
The Enabling Act
These were set up for people who opposed the Nazis
Who was the German president who died in 1934, leaving Hitler with total power?
Hitler seeks the glory of this nation with success of the 3rd Reich
How long was the 3rd Reich supposed to last?
These were based on terror and ideology and controls the secret and regular police forces
What did Hitler use to kick-start the economy?
these were set up to enflame the hearts of the Germans and win them over, led by the Nazis
did the Nazis have control of Churches and schools
hatred of the Jews
These excluded Jews from German citizenship and forbade marriages between Jews and Germans
What were Jews forced to have on themselves?
What were Jews barred from and what could they not do in a store?
public transit & public buildings
own, manage, work
Were Jews encouraged to emigrate from Germany?
This was when hundreds of synagogues were burnt and over 7000 businesses were destroyed, 30,000 men were arrested and sent to labor camps
Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)
Name two important people under Hitler
he was in charge of the SS, Gestapo, Death Squads, Concentration, and Death camps
the Nazi propaganda minister, well known for his passionate speeches, organized book burnings, the main force behind Kristallnacht
the German secret police
What was the ideal German woman?
a bearer of Aryan children who would triumph for Germany, were given rewards if they had many children
what were german men destined to be?
warriors and political leaders