Card Set Information
Pharmacology final exam review
What do the medical uses of drugs include?
to prevent disease, to diagnose disease, and to treat symptoms, signs, conditions, and diseases.
The mechanism of action by which drugs produce their effects based on time and dose is known as
Which drug was advertised during the TV broadcasts of the 2004 Super Bowl because of the large number of males watching the show
What is the length of time for a standard patent for new drugs?
17 years, some are taking up in clinical trials
Tinctures are used internally, externally, both, or neither?
Alka-Seltzer is an example of which type of tablet?
What artery or vein is the most common route of drug administration in newborn infants?
What are the steps in the drug cycle?
1.Absorption from the site of administration
2.Distribution via the circulatory system
4.Excretion from the body
What kind of side effects must be listed in literature accompanying prescription drugs?
How many Americans die annually as a result of an adverse drug reaction?
1.What are the Five Rights of Drug Administration?
1.The right patient
2.The right drug
3.The right dose
4.The right route
5.The right time
Who is the owner of a prescription after it has been submitted to a pharmacy for dispensing?
What is the period of time prescription drug refills may be refilled?
1 year, no refills for Schedule II
Excessive loss of potassium can lead to
The letter K in several drug names refers to what?
.What are proton pump inhibitor drugs used to treat?
To decrease gastric acid by blocking the final step of acid production within the gastric parietal cell.
Before administering chemotherapy to a cancer patient, what category of drugs might be given?
Many drugs used to treat osteoarthritis are also used to treat what?
Bursitis, tendinitis, muscle sprains
Hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women has a secondary therapeutic effect of preventing osteoporosis, but may also increase the risk of
endometrial cancer, breast cancer, stroke, and myocardial infarction___.
How are corticosteroid drugs for respiratory disorders administered?
As an inhaler device
Tuberculosis is caused by which microorganism?
Procardia is classified as what type of drug?
Calcium channel blocker
What is atrial fibrillation?
What is special about garlic?
Know topical hemostatic drugs.
They contain gelatin, collagen fibers, cellulose, fibrin, or thrombin in a liquid sealant or powder form.
1.Absorbed gelatin(Gelifilm, Gelfilm ophthalmic, Gelfoam
3.Microfibrillar collagen hemostat(Hemopad, Hemotene)
4.Oxidized cellulose( Oxycel, Surgicel)
How effective are oral contraceptives?
99.9% if used correctly
Are there any STDs that can be treated with oral antibiotic drugs? If so, which ones?
What is the purpose of oral antidiabetic drugs?
Increase the number of insulin and are not effective in treating patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Which drugs are used to treat hypothyroidism?
Clonazepam treats what besides anxiety?
epilepsy,petit mal seizures,Parkinson's disease
What is symmetrel used to treat?
Influenza virus A respiratory tract infection
What are antipsychotic drugs also referred to as?
Neuroleptic drug, major tranquilizer drugs
What is Prozac used to treat?
Depression, OCD, panic disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, anxiety, posttraumatic disorder.
What are topical corticosteroid drugs used to treat?
Inflammation and itching caused by contact dermatitis, poison ivy, insect bites, psoriasis, seborrhea, eczema, and yeast and fungal infections
Lowered testosterone levels in men may be a contributing factor to ___________.
What does Cromolyn treat?
Allergic symptoms in the nose, inhaled to prevent asthma, and bronchospasm, prevent the release of histamine in patients with food allergies, allergy symptoms in the eye.
The suffix –olol is common to what type of generic drugs?
What are the side effects of older antihistamine drugs?
What type of drug is Pseudoephedrine?
OTC decongestant drug
How is Flonase administered?
Because flu viruses are constantly mutating, how do vaccines protect against the flu?
They use a whole virus, a part of the virus, or a surface antigen from the virus to provoke the body’s immune response and create temporary immunity.
What drug classification is Levaquin?
What are neoplasms?
New growth of cells may be benign or malignant
List drugs that are categorized as androgen hormonal chemotherapy drugs.
Fluoxymesterone(Andorxy), Testred, Virilon, testosterone(Delatestryl)
Tylenol w/ Codeine are classified as which Schedule of drugs?
Schedule III, and Tylenol w/ Codeine Schedule V
What classification of drug is Acetaminophen?
Topical anesthesia can be obtained through drugs in the forms of what?
Creams, gels, ointments, and sprays, liquid
what drug might be used to reverse the effects of a neuromuscular blocker drug?
Edrophonium(Reversol, Tensilon), Enlon-Plus
What is Atropine specifically used to treat?
Used to treat severe bradycardia and bradyarrhythmias
Antilirium can be used to treat an overdose of
tricyclic-type antidepressant drug.