1249 Final

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Nancy08182
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83239
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1249 Final
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2011-05-02 13:44:32
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Pharmacology final exam review
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exam review
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  1. What do the medical uses of drugs include?
    to prevent disease, to diagnose disease, and to treat symptoms, signs, conditions, and diseases.
  2. The mechanism of action by which drugs produce their effects based on time and dose is known as
    pharmacodynamics
  3. Which drug was advertised during the TV broadcasts of the 2004 Super Bowl because of the large number of males watching the show
  4. What is the length of time for a standard patent for new drugs?
    17 years, some are taking up in clinical trials
  5. Tinctures are used internally, externally, both, or neither?
    externally
  6. Alka-Seltzer is an example of which type of tablet?
    Effervescent tablet
  7. What artery or vein is the most common route of drug administration in newborn infants?
    Umbilical
  8. What are the steps in the drug cycle?
    • 1.Absorption from the site of administration
    • 2.Distribution via the circulatory system
    • 3.Metabolism
    • 4.Excretion from the body
  9. What kind of side effects must be listed in literature accompanying prescription drugs?
  10. How many Americans die annually as a result of an adverse drug reaction?
    100,000
  11. 1.What are the Five Rights of Drug Administration?
    • 1.The right patient
    • 2.The right drug
    • 3.The right dose
    • 4.The right route
    • 5.The right time
  12. Who is the owner of a prescription after it has been submitted to a pharmacy for dispensing?
    The pharmacy
  13. What is the period of time prescription drug refills may be refilled?
    1 year, no refills for Schedule II
  14. Excessive loss of potassium can lead to
    Cardiac Arryhthmias
  15. The letter K in several drug names refers to what?
    Potassium
  16. .What are proton pump inhibitor drugs used to treat?
    To decrease gastric acid by blocking the final step of acid production within the gastric parietal cell.
  17. Before administering chemotherapy to a cancer patient, what category of drugs might be given?
  18. Many drugs used to treat osteoarthritis are also used to treat what?
    Bursitis, tendinitis, muscle sprains
  19. Hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women has a secondary therapeutic effect of preventing osteoporosis, but may also increase the risk of
    endometrial cancer, breast cancer, stroke, and myocardial infarction___.
  20. How are corticosteroid drugs for respiratory disorders administered?
    As an inhaler device
  21. Tuberculosis is caused by which microorganism?
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  22. Procardia is classified as what type of drug?
    Calcium channel blocker
  23. What is atrial fibrillation?
  24. What is special about garlic?
  25. Know topical hemostatic drugs.
    • They contain gelatin, collagen fibers, cellulose, fibrin, or thrombin in a liquid sealant or powder form.
    • 1.Absorbed gelatin(Gelifilm, Gelfilm ophthalmic, Gelfoam
    • 2.Fibrin(Evicel)
    • 3.Microfibrillar collagen hemostat(Hemopad, Hemotene)
    • 4.Oxidized cellulose( Oxycel, Surgicel)
  26. How effective are oral contraceptives?
    99.9% if used correctly
  27. Are there any STDs that can be treated with oral antibiotic drugs? If so, which ones?
    Gonorrhea,syphilis, Chlamydia
  28. What is the purpose of oral antidiabetic drugs?
    Increase the number of insulin and are not effective in treating patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
  29. Which drugs are used to treat hypothyroidism?
    • Iodine(ThyroShield)
    • methimazole(Tapazole)
    • propylthiouracil
  30. Clonazepam treats what besides anxiety?
    epilepsy,petit mal seizures,Parkinson's disease
  31. What is symmetrel used to treat?
    Influenza virus A respiratory tract infection
  32. What are antipsychotic drugs also referred to as?
    Neuroleptic drug, major tranquilizer drugs
  33. What is Prozac used to treat?
    Depression, OCD, panic disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, anxiety, posttraumatic disorder.
  34. What are topical corticosteroid drugs used to treat?
    Inflammation and itching caused by contact dermatitis, poison ivy, insect bites, psoriasis, seborrhea, eczema, and yeast and fungal infections
  35. Lowered testosterone levels in men may be a contributing factor to ___________.
  36. What does Cromolyn treat?
    Allergic symptoms in the nose, inhaled to prevent asthma, and bronchospasm, prevent the release of histamine in patients with food allergies, allergy symptoms in the eye.
  37. The suffix –olol is common to what type of generic drugs?
    Beta-blocker drugs
  38. What are the side effects of older antihistamine drugs?
    Cause drowsiness,
  39. What type of drug is Pseudoephedrine?
    OTC decongestant drug
  40. How is Flonase administered?
    intranasally
  41. Because flu viruses are constantly mutating, how do vaccines protect against the flu?
    They use a whole virus, a part of the virus, or a surface antigen from the virus to provoke the body’s immune response and create temporary immunity.
  42. What drug classification is Levaquin?
    Fluoroquinolone
  43. What are neoplasms?
    New growth of cells may be benign or malignant
  44. List drugs that are categorized as androgen hormonal chemotherapy drugs.
    Fluoxymesterone(Andorxy), Testred, Virilon, testosterone(Delatestryl)
  45. Tylenol w/ Codeine are classified as which Schedule of drugs?
    Schedule III, and Tylenol w/ Codeine Schedule V
  46. What classification of drug is Acetaminophen?
    Nonsalicylate drug
  47. Topical anesthesia can be obtained through drugs in the forms of what?
    Creams, gels, ointments, and sprays, liquid
  48. what drug might be used to reverse the effects of a neuromuscular blocker drug?
    Edrophonium(Reversol, Tensilon), Enlon-Plus
  49. What is Atropine specifically used to treat?
    Used to treat severe bradycardia and bradyarrhythmias
  50. Antilirium can be used to treat an overdose of
    tricyclic-type antidepressant drug.

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