Chapter 10, 11 & 15 Vocabulary.txt

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Chapter 10, 11 & 15 Vocabulary.txt
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2011-05-02 15:45:01
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Vocabulary
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  1. Dunn�s health grid
    Health is affected by an individual�s status on the health-illness continuum as well as environmental conditions.
  2. Neuman�s continuum
    A balance of input and output. A. When energy output exceeds input, illness results. B. Wellness occurs when more energy is generated than expended.
  3. Coping ability
    As we progress through the stages of development, we develop understanding and skills to help us deal with illness.
  4. Perceptions
    When disease, loss, or other disruptions occur at a younger age than expected, they change our perception of the event and may present a greater challenge to our coping skills than disruptions that are expected.
  5. Acute illness
    Occurs suddenly and lasts for a limited amount of time.
  6. Chronic illness
    Lasts for a long period of time, usually up to 6 months or more, often for a lifetime.
  7. Remission
    Occurs when symptoms are minimal to none.
  8. Exacerbation
    Occurs when symptoms intensify.
  9. Hardiness is described as
    Developing a very strong positive force to live � and enjoying the fight!
  10. Psychosocial theory
    A method of understanding people as a combination of psychological and social events.
  11. Dynamic self
    Who we are (the self) is subject to change through social and environmental influence.
  12. Internal locus of control
    People who allow their inner voice to influence their self-concept
  13. External locus of control
    People who attribute control of their situation to external factors, including other people, institutions, and God.
  14. Body image
    Your mental image of your physical self, including physical appearance and physical functioning.
  15. Role performance
    The actions a person takes and the behaviors he demonstrates in fulfilling a role.
  16. Role strain
    A mismatch between role expectations and role performance.
  17. Interpersonal role conflict
    Your ideas about how you perform may be different from your instructors
  18. Interrole conflict
    When two roles make competing demands on an individual
  19. Personal identity
    Your view of yourself as a unique human being, different and separate from all others.
  20. Self-esteem
    How well a person likes himself.
  21. Anxiety
    A vague, emotional response to a known or unknown threat (uneasy feeling of discomfort or dread).
  22. Fear
    A specific, cognitive response to a known threat.
  23. Intensity
    How much anxiety is present
  24. Duration
    How long has the anxiety been present
  25. Normal anxiety
    An essential reaction to a realistic danger or threat to our physical or psychological integrity. Enables survival.
  26. Abnormal anxiety
    Out of proportion to the situation and lasts long after the threat is over, perhaps causing a person to change her lifestyle.
  27. Defense Mechanisms
    Are used either consciously or unconsciously to relieve anxiety
  28. Denial
    Refusing to acknowledge the existence of a real situation or associated feelings
  29. Displacement
    Transferring feelings from one target to another that seems less threatening.
  30. Psychosis
    A loss of ability to differentiate self from nonself or by impaired reality testing, often accompanied by hallucinations and delusions.
  31. Depression
    Used to describe a feeling of sadness or �the blues� but with characteristic symptoms and often devastating consequences if left untreated
  32. Major depressive disorder
    Depressed mood most of the day nearly every day for at least two weeks
  33. Anhedonia
    A loss of interest or pleasure in previously enjoyable activities.
  34. Delirium (Acute confusion)
    An acute and potentially reversible disturbance of consciousness and cognition in response to underlying medical or mental illnesses, drug detoxicity, and a variety of other causes.
  35. Dementia
    An irreversible decline in mental abilities.
  36. Loss
    The undesired change or removal of a valued object, person, or situation.
  37. Actual loss
    Can be identified by others, not just the person experiencing it
  38. Perceived loss
    Is, internal; it is identified only by the person experiencing it
  39. Physical loss
    Includes injuries, removal of an organ, and/or loss of function
  40. Psychological loss
    Usually challenge our belief system in areas of sexuality, control, fairness, meaning, and trust
  41. External loss
    Actual loss of objects that are important to the person because of their costs or sentimental value
  42. Internal loss
    A term for perceived or psychological loss
  43. Grief
    The physical, psychological, and spiritual responses to a loss
  44. Mourning
    Consists of actions associated with grief
  45. Bereavement
    The period of mourning and adjustment time after a loss
  46. Uncomplicated grief
    Normal grief; the natural response to a loss
  47. Complicated grief
    Is distinguished from uncomplicated grief by length of time and intensity of emotion
  48. Chronic grief
    Begins as normal grief but continues long term, with little resolution of feelings and inability to rejoin normal life.
  49. Masked grief
    When the person is grieving but expressing the grief through other types of behavior
  50. Delayed grief
    Grief that is put off until a later time
  51. Anticipatory grief
    Is experienced before a loss occurs
  52. Whole-brain death
    The irreversible cessation of all functions of the brain, including the brain stem
  53. Higher-brain death
    The irreversible cessation of all �higher� brain functions (consciousness, memory, cognitive functioning, and reasoning)
  54. Coma
    A prolonged, deep state of unconsciousness lasting days or even years
  55. Persistent vegetative state (PVS)
    Sometimes follows a coma, the person does not respond to stimuli, is unaware of the environment, and has not cognition or affected mental functions
  56. Cheyne-Stokes respirations
    A cyclic pattern consisting of a 10- to 60- second period of apnea and then a gradual increase in depth and rate of respirations. Respirations gradually become slow and shallow, and then the cycle begins again.
  57. Palliative care
    Aggressively planned, holistic comfort care
  58. Living will
    A document prepared by a competent person giving instructions regarding medical care if that person becomes unable to make decisions
  59. Durable power of attorney or healthcare proxy
    When a competent person names another individual to make decisions regarding his healthcare choices under certain conditions when he is unable to do so.
  60. DNAR order
    An order to NOT attempt resuscitation of the patient in the event of cardiac or respiratory failure.
  61. Assisted suicide
    Making available that which is needed for the patient to end his own life
  62. Euthanasia
    Refers to deliberately ending of a life of someone suffering for a terminal or incurable illness
  63. Active euthanasia
    Occurs as a result of a direct action (giving meds)
  64. Passive euthanasia
    Occurs as a result of a lack of action (withholding medications, food)
  65. Autopsy
    A medical exam of the body to determine the cause of death
  66. Bibliotherapy
    A counseling technique used when grief therapy is indicated
  67. Rigor mortis
    The stiffening of the body after death caused by the contraction of muscles from lack of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), occurring around 2-4 hours after death
  68. Algor mortis
    Occurs when the blood stops circulating; body temperature drops about 1.88 degrees F per hour until it reaches room temperature
  69. Livor mortis
    The bluish and mottled look of the body is caused by the breakdown of red blood cells and the release of hemoglobin.

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