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the rules under which a paroling authority releases an offender to community supervision.
Constitutional rights enjoyed by an offender on parole that are not as hightly protected by the courts as the rights of nonoffenders.
diminished constitutional rights
rights more hightly protected thatn other constitutional rights
a rule of evidence that enforces the fourth amendments prohibition against unreasonable search and seizure, wherby illegal police searches are not adimissible in a court of law. The purpose is to deter police misconduct.
an offender under community supervision who, without prior permission, excapes or flees the jurisdiction he or she is required to stay within.
what are some factors of recidivism
- face and ethnicity
- involvement in prison education programs
- length of time served in prison
- behavior while incarcerated
- current conviction type
- parolee age
the formal termination of a parolee's conditional freedom, usually (but not always) resulting in a reinstatement of imprisonment.
what is the leading case on parole revocation?
morrissey v. Brewer- says that parolee's must be given 5 basic rights, however they do not have to have a constitutional right to counsel at a revocation hearing
do parolees have the constitutional right to appeal a revocation?
latin term meaning that the government acts as a substitute parent and allows the courtys to intervene in cases in which it is in the childs best interest that a guardian be appointed for children who throught no fauld of their own have been neglected and or are dependent.
latin term meaning "guilty mind" that addresses levelof mental intent to commit a crime
acts committed by juveniles that are punishable as crimes under a states penal code.
Acts committed by juveniles that would not have been punishable if committedby adults:status offenses
conduct in need of supervision
the transfer of a juvenile from juvenile court to adult court for trial.
transfer of jurisdiction
transferring a juvenile case from juvenile court to an adult court
origianl jurisdiction for certain juvenile cases is shared by both criminal and juvenile courts, with the prosecutor having discretion to file such cases in either court
the automatic exclusion of certain juvenile offenders from juvenile court jurisdiction by state stature, requiring the case to be filed directly with the adult criminal court.
the process whereby a juvenile is screened to determine if the case should preceed further in the juvenile justice system or if other alternatives suit the childs needs better
juvenile justice equvalent of a trial in adult criminal cases
juvenile justice equivalent of sentencing in adult cases.
community based programs in which youth sentence there peers for minor delinquent and status offenses
what is the case that gave juveniles the right to due process if being charged with an offense that would send them to an institution?
re gault 1967
what is the processing sequence for juveniles?
intake, adjudication, and disposition
rights that belong to a person by virtue of citizenship
rights related to the particiaptaiton in the establishment, support, or management of government
what are some collateral consequences?
- loss of the right to vote
- loss of right to serve on a jury
- denial of welfare benifits
- loss of parental rights
- grounds for divorce
- loss of pension rights
in old anglo saxon law the process by which a criminal was declared an outlaw and placed outside the protection and aid of the law
at common law the extinction of civil rights and capacities that occurred when a person received a sentence of death or outlawry for treason or antoher felony. the persons estate was forfeited to the crown
the totality of virtues that form the basis of ones reputation in the community
good moral character
an act of vileness, or socially offensive behavior, that is contrary to justice, honesty or the publics accepted moral standards.
a certificate signed by the principal and a third party, promising to pay in the event the assured suffers damages or losses bc the employee fails to perform as agreed.
elective positions in federal, state and municipal governments aswell as appointive positions
an executive act of clemency that serves to migigate or set aside punishment for a crime
a pardon the becomes operative when the grantee has performed some specific acts or that becomes void when some specific act transpires.
a certificate that allows former offenders to obtain a license or work in certain occupations that have barred felons upon conviction
reinstatment of some or all civil rights upon completion of sentence. the exten of retoration varies by state and by offense type
automatic restoration of rights
official written document signifying that an offender has sompleted his or her sentence
certificate of discharge
a court order prohibithin public disclosure of the defendants criminal history record
petition for nondisclosure
the form of civil disabilities, can deprive a person of civil and political right and may make finding or holdinga job difficult
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