Card Set Information

2011-05-02 20:57:08
comm corrections final

final community corrections
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  1. the rules under which a paroling authority releases an offender to community supervision.
    parole conditions
  2. Constitutional rights enjoyed by an offender on parole that are not as hightly protected by the courts as the rights of nonoffenders.
    diminished constitutional rights
  3. rights more hightly protected thatn other constitutional rights
    preferred rights
  4. a rule of evidence that enforces the fourth amendments prohibition against unreasonable search and seizure, wherby illegal police searches are not adimissible in a court of law. The purpose is to deter police misconduct.
    exclusionalry rule
  5. an offender under community supervision who, without prior permission, excapes or flees the jurisdiction he or she is required to stay within.
  6. what are some factors of recidivism
    • face and ethnicity
    • involvement in prison education programs
    • length of time served in prison
    • behavior while incarcerated
    • current conviction type
    • parolee age
  7. the formal termination of a parolee's conditional freedom, usually (but not always) resulting in a reinstatement of imprisonment.
    parole revocation
  8. what is the leading case on parole revocation?
    morrissey v. Brewer- says that parolee's must be given 5 basic rights, however they do not have to have a constitutional right to counsel at a revocation hearing
  9. do parolees have the constitutional right to appeal a revocation?
  10. latin term meaning that the government acts as a substitute parent and allows the courtys to intervene in cases in which it is in the childs best interest that a guardian be appointed for children who throught no fauld of their own have been neglected and or are dependent.
    parens patriae
  11. latin term meaning "guilty mind" that addresses levelof mental intent to commit a crime
    mens rea
  12. acts committed by juveniles that are punishable as crimes under a states penal code.
    juvenile delinquency
  13. Acts committed by juveniles that would not have been punishable if committedby adults:status offenses
    conduct in need of supervision
  14. the transfer of a juvenile from juvenile court to adult court for trial.
    transfer of jurisdiction
  15. transferring a juvenile case from juvenile court to an adult court
    judicial waiver
  16. origianl jurisdiction for certain juvenile cases is shared by both criminal and juvenile courts, with the prosecutor having discretion to file such cases in either court
    concurrent jurisdiction
  17. the automatic exclusion of certain juvenile offenders from juvenile court jurisdiction by state stature, requiring the case to be filed directly with the adult criminal court.
    statutory exclusion
  18. the process whereby a juvenile is screened to determine if the case should preceed further in the juvenile justice system or if other alternatives suit the childs needs better
  19. juvenile justice equvalent of a trial in adult criminal cases
  20. juvenile justice equivalent of sentencing in adult cases.
  21. community based programs in which youth sentence there peers for minor delinquent and status offenses
    youth courts
  22. what is the case that gave juveniles the right to due process if being charged with an offense that would send them to an institution?
    re gault 1967
  23. what is the processing sequence for juveniles?
    intake, adjudication, and disposition
  24. rights that belong to a person by virtue of citizenship
    civil rights
  25. rights related to the particiaptaiton in the establishment, support, or management of government
    political rights
  26. what are some collateral consequences?
    • loss of the right to vote
    • loss of right to serve on a jury
    • denial of welfare benifits
    • loss of parental rights
    • grounds for divorce
    • loss of pension rights
  27. in old anglo saxon law the process by which a criminal was declared an outlaw and placed outside the protection and aid of the law
  28. at common law the extinction of civil rights and capacities that occurred when a person received a sentence of death or outlawry for treason or antoher felony. the persons estate was forfeited to the crown
  29. the totality of virtues that form the basis of ones reputation in the community
    good moral character
  30. an act of vileness, or socially offensive behavior, that is contrary to justice, honesty or the publics accepted moral standards.
    moral turpitude
  31. a certificate signed by the principal and a third party, promising to pay in the event the assured suffers damages or losses bc the employee fails to perform as agreed.
    surety bond
  32. elective positions in federal, state and municipal governments aswell as appointive positions
    public offices
  33. an executive act of clemency that serves to migigate or set aside punishment for a crime
  34. a pardon the becomes operative when the grantee has performed some specific acts or that becomes void when some specific act transpires.
    conditional pardon
  35. a certificate that allows former offenders to obtain a license or work in certain occupations that have barred felons upon conviction
    rehabilitation certificate
  36. reinstatment of some or all civil rights upon completion of sentence. the exten of retoration varies by state and by offense type
    automatic restoration of rights
  37. official written document signifying that an offender has sompleted his or her sentence
    certificate of discharge
  38. a court order prohibithin public disclosure of the defendants criminal history record
    petition for nondisclosure
  39. the form of civil disabilities, can deprive a person of civil and political right and may make finding or holdinga job difficult
    collateral consequences