Philosophy final

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Philosophy final
2011-05-02 22:34:05
philosophy final

philos notes
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  1. Aristoltle and Kant
    Mind-Principle of Organization
  2. B.F. Skinner, John Dewey and G. Ryle
    Mind-Form of Behavior
  3. David Hume
    Mind- sum total of experiences
  4. Plato and Decartes
    Mind-Separate Substance
  5. Cognitive
    Mind- Series of Thought Process
  6. Double-Aspect Theory
    Kant and Spinoza
  7. Cognitive Epiphenomen Theory
    Congitive Scientists
  8. Parallelism
    G.W. Leibniz
  9. Contemporary Identity Theory
    J.J.C. Smart
  10. Interactionism
  11. List and Explain the 4 dimensions
    • undividual a degree of unity
    • one of kind
    • A private enity depriving of certain part of our own self being
    • there is something about ourself that is beyond of fall across beyond
  12. How do "I-thou and "I-It relationship differ according to Martin Buber
    • I-it recognizes people as property
    • I- thou recognizes people as equals
  13. Give and explain and some concrete examples of how Pythagoras might have been right in saying that all reality is ultmately numerical.
    Muscial in numerical it is stimmed and is measured in ammounts
  14. What did Plato say about the reality of the physical world?
    We are shadows to another world
  15. Summarize the basic tenets of Idealist philosophy
    • we are not a product of nature alone but of nature and God
    • we are rational animals which separates us by degree of mind
    • reason is the main source of knowledge
    • we have to leave God in the picture to explain everything somehow
    • if matters is organized it one it to the mind.
  16. According to G. Berkeley, "To be, is to
    be percieved
  17. List and explain four objections that might be raised against AI
    • Shock Horror Afraid of the machinces taking over
    • Theological God made humans
    • A machine can only behave as a programed
    • a machine can't be alive without self awareness
  18. What is the difference between 'subjective' and "objective' Idealism?
    • Subjective reality in what it is because God percieves it
    • Objective the world exists independent of the knowing subject
  19. In what three ways can one become and remain a self
    • body
    • mind
    • personal relationship
  20. Logical Behaviorism
    the mind is a ghost inside of us it not there he thinks that the mind is just a disposion
  21. Epiphenomenalism
    The mind is to the brain as ours shadows is to our body
  22. Identity Theory
    The mind and brain as identical
  23. Functionalism
    mind is to the brain as software to a computer
  24. What reasons did Descartes give for claiming that the mind and body are two separate substances?
    • The mind and body are not the same because one can exist without the other
    • you can doubt existense of the body buy cannot doubt the mind
    • while the body is divisible but the soul is not divisible
  25. What according to Konrad Lorenz is the main determining factor of human behavior
    instict dictates behavior
  26. give one example of naive hard determinism
  27. In what sense is Sociobiology a version of hard determinism
    social behavior is determine by our biological make up ( genes) relieve use of our freedom of choice
  28. list and explain the three level of the human psyche according to Freud
    • id sub conscieous to go do something with
    • ego awareness of consciecous
    • Thanlos desire to self destruct of death
  29. which philosophy says "From each according to his ability, to each according to his need
  30. Heisenberg based his theory of Libertarianism on the priciple of
  31. Explain the 2 different interpretation of th doctrine of Predestination
    • 2 fold God predesting some to salvation and some predesten to damnation
    • 1 fold God will the salvation to everyone he doesn't condemn anyone to hell they choose to be there
    • God can give extra help to whom he chooses
  32. What is the etymological meaning of the word fate
    To speak
  33. What did William James mean by saying that indeterminism is best working hypothesis
    something is true only if it works
  34. In what 3 different ways according to Marx, capitialism alienate the workers
    • Owners doesn't want to give up money or control
    • Religious the fall of capialism when we get religious off our back
    • Bojogoise
  35. Waht do the Existentialist mean by saying that existence is prior to essense
    Existence is the thatness you are nothing by birth your thatness comes before your whatness
  36. List 4 bits of evidenxe in support of the Soft determinist position
    • immediate consciecousness
    • the sense of personal resonsbility
    • moral judgement on human conduct and charoctic
    • the fact of deliberation
  37. In what sence did the Stoic philosophers say that humans can be free even though they are under the influence of fate
    That right reason will help yhou develop indifference you will become a sill point (eye of hurricane) a fate effects us all right of reason it will help you what you accept your fate
  38. The founder of Existentialism
    Soren Kielagaad
  39. In what sense was Marx a materialist
    power relationship between people and money make the world go around
  40. Summarize the basic tenents of Existentilsm?
    • Antirationism
    • individualist
    • priority of existence
    • human freedom
    • human estrangedness
  41. How according to Sarte can human soften up the pressure they are under and have find room for freedom of choice
    by using reason you can soften fate by freedom of choice.
  42. Describe the difference bwetween Thoreau's 'Walden and Skinner's 'Walden Two'
    • Thoreau- Champion the idea that everyone can do what they want (freedom of choice)
    • Skinner Everyone is rank everyone know what going to happen hard determinism
  43. Values
    something that is good is worth something is desirable in demand it satifing a basic human need
  44. Identification
    • fine art
    • education
    • life itself
  45. Hierarchy of values
    criteria rank value
  46. Ralke
    must change your life don't feel anything then we are not alone
  47. Marx's Tools
  48. Statement from Plato
    remove us from reality anti foods for thoughts
  49. fine arts
    • knowledge have to understand
    • guernica
    • emotional import Asthetic Appreciation
    • entertainment
    • gord into action
  50. well arrange
    • duty proportioned summary Asymmtery
    • integrity wholeness prefection
    • splendor from brilliance humorous content laugh at ourselves cope with pain
  51. educational
    • knowledge expect to learn what kind of library books are essentist good teaching know how to teach being prepared academic freedom tenure
    • skills each major has certain skills know your stuff writing skills speaking, reading, critical thinking
  52. Social life
    have a life before during and after cultural enrichment nichomachaen ethics the end for striving for absolute good he or she wants for nothing happiness the same for everyone basic needs
  53. who draws the line
    • autonomous law of self
    • heteronmous law of other
  54. how does the lines get drawn
    • absolutist no change
    • relationist change
  55. virture
    nature opposite is a vise habit of making right choices eat drink be merry for tomorrow you die do in moderation
  56. adveration
    something for right and wrong too a risk
  57. health
    • essential food clothing shelter
    • food for thought essential social creature by nature
  58. Theoretical
    • consequences
    • divine command
    • intestion deonontolical Kant categorical
    • what is everyone doing
    • what are you
    • how and i treated other people everyone needs to be treated the same
  59. civil liberty
    freedom within the city walls undo restraint tranny
  60. purpose of law
    due restraint
  61. Thoreau
    we need no laws follow the consciecous keep law and order have chaos
  62. Thomas Hulbs
    • need laws we are trusted animals promote morality use the law to out the good is people
    • settle disputes
    • division of labor
  63. What kind of government
    • USA democracy rule by the people
    • Monoarchy rule by one
    • oligarchy rule by few (committee) Russia
    • plutocracy rule by the rich
    • aristocracy rule by the aristocrate
  64. What to break the law Civil disobedience
    • prove the law is unjust
    • consider the consequences
    • impact of the country as a whole
    • last resort
    • no voilent
    • expect the penality
  65. Epistemology
    study of knowledge
  66. source
    • emprical observation
    • intuition
  67. nature
    • objective
    • subjective
  68. reliability
    • no skeptism
    • yes correspondence coherence preagmatic

    • greek scottish
    • Pyrrho Hume
  69. Philo of religion
    • nature of religion self alienation Feverback, Marx
    • ignorance A Conte S. Freud
    • idealts idealization of human value
    • E. Dickerson
  70. Phenomenolgy
    • epche suspinor of belief
    • M. Elrade R Otto G Leivuv
    • Experience of mystery stupor blows
    • Ne Plus Ulta
    • Plus Ultra after Columbs sailed the ocean blue
  71. Believe of God
    • problem of evil
    • knock God off the pedestal
    • secular Humanist
    • immoralit Lucretus nature of thing
    • Plato the soul will survive getting out of the body
  72. Pascaban Wager
    • Pasca Thought
    • bet one way or another