pharmo

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Anonymous
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83452
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pharmo
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2011-05-03 05:11:08
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pharmo
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pharmo
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  1. beta2 adrenergic bronchodilators--short acting-rescue-bronchospasms
    • albuterol
    • levalbuterol
    • terbutaline
    • pirbuterol
  2. albuterol dose and frequency
    • 2.5 mg in 3 ml
    • 1 vial every 1-6 hours
  3. long acting beta2 agonist-maintenance/long term control medications
    • salmeterol-serevent
    • formoterol
    • arformoterol-brovana
  4. side effects and hazards of beta adrenergic bronchodilators
    • tremors, shakes, quivering
    • tachycardia
    • palpitations
    • hyper/hypotension
    • headache
  5. parasympatholytics anticholinerfics drugs work against the
    bronchoconstriction caused by the parasympathetic nervous sys
  6. examples of parasympatholytic anticholingergic drugs
    • ipratropium bromide-atrovent
    • tiotropium bromide-spiriva
    • oxitropium bromide-oxivent
  7. methylxanthines phosphodiesterase inhibirots increases the amount of cAMP within the
    smooth muscles causes bronchodilation
  8. examples of methylxanthines
    • theophylline-aminophylline
    • theo-dur
    • oxytriphylline
    • theolair
    • caffeine
  9. theophylline is given to increase diaphragmatic contractility and stimulate the CNS in infancts with
    apnea of prematurity
  10. anti-inflammatory, immunosupresessive agents (decreases sputum eosinophilia)
    corticosteroids (ends w/ ONE)
  11. examples of corticosteroids
    • fluticasone
    • beclomethasone
    • budesonide
    • flunisonide
    • triamcinolone
    • prednisone
  12. to prevent oral (thrush) when using inhaled cori, have patient
    rinse mouth with water after treatment
  13. adrenergic + anticholinergic
    • ipratropium bromide + albuterol
    • (conbivent, duoneb)
  14. anti-inflam + long acting bronchodilator
    • advair (fluticasone/salmeterol)
    • symbicort (budesonide/formoterol)
  15. mucolytic agents may be recom when
    secretions are thick and tenacious
  16. best way to control secretions is
    good hydration
  17. examples of mucolytics
    • acetycysteine - mucomyst
    • DNAse - pulmizyme
  18. DNAse-pulmozyme is specifically indicated for pt's with
    CF
  19. wettings agents
    • water
    • saline solutions
  20. mast cell stabilizers will help prevent an
    asthmatic attack by inhibiting the degranulation of mast cells and preventing the release of histamine
  21. examples of mast cell stab
    • cromolyn sodium/ intal
    • nedocromil sodium/ tilade
  22. to treat CHF and increase strength of contraction, give pt
    • digitalis
    • digoxin
  23. lidocaine is used to control
    • pvc
    • pulseless vent tachycardia
    • vfib
  24. pt with bradycardia, give
    • atropine
    • epi
  25. direct vasodilators=
    nipride- light sensitive
  26. vasopressors-will increase blood pressure
    • norepinephrine
    • dopamine
    • dobutamine
  27. paralytics
    • succinnycholine-primarly used for ett intubation
    • pancuronium
    • vecuronium
  28. most commond sedatives
    • xanax
    • valium
    • versed
    • ativan
  29. level of sedation is monitored with the
    modified ramsay scale
  30. level 3 on the modified ramsay scale responds to
    verbal commands
  31. short acting, used for anesthesia and sedation of ventilated pts
    propofol/diprivan
  32. analgesics- reduce sensation of pain
    • narcotics-most common class
    • narcan-reversable
    • fentanyl
    • codeine
    • morphine
  33. ex of surfactants
    • calfactant-infasurf
    • beractant-survanta
    • porcant alfa-curosurf
  34. what drug is used to treat central sleep apnea
    amoniphylline/theophylline/caffeine
  35. nicotine is used to helpt pts quit
    smoking
  36. antibiotics is indicated for treatment of what type of infection
    bacterial

    anything that ends with CILLIN
  37. what is the antibiotic that is used for MRSA
    vancomycin
  38. 3 drugs that are used to actively kill bacteria
    • isoniazid
    • rifampin
    • ethambutol

    (all 3 monitor liver enzymes)
  39. what do you use to deliver ribavirin (used to treat RSV)
    spag
  40. children at rish for RSV should be immunized with
    • respigam
    • paliziumab / synagis

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