definitions

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Author:
mariamv77060
ID:
83480
Filename:
definitions
Updated:
2011-05-03 11:24:54
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urinary system
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definitions
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  1. The absence of urine
    anuria
  2. painful urination
    dysuria
  3. blood in the urine
    hematuria
  4. frequent urination at night
    nocturia
  5. excessive urination
    polyuria
  6. the need to void often
    frequency
  7. the sudden need to void
    urgency
  8. inflammation of the bladder
    cystisis
  9. involuntary urination
    Incontinence
  10. accumulation of filtered matter that creates a blockage in the urinary system
    kidney stones
  11. bacterial infection in the urinary tract
    urinary tract infection
  12. partial or complete inability of the kidneys to remove waste from the body
    Kidney failure
  13. potential for Hydrogen, normal range 7.35 – 7.45 (Hydrogen tells you how a sytic or substance is) ph is one of the two substance you will record a number for the results
    pH
  14. Ø should be negative or trace, any positive reading are a sign of infection
    protein
  15. should be negative any positive reading are a sign of dehydration (drink ½ of ounces of water according to your body weight)
    keytones
  16. should be negative, any positive readings are a sign of possible liver concerns
    bilirubin
  17. should be negative, any positive sign indicate that insulin is low, blood sugar level is high
    glucose
  18. should always be negative, any postive readings are a sign of infection, internal bleeding.
    blood (RBC)
  19. should be negative, any positive readings are a sign of bacterial infection
    Nitrite
  20. Ø should be negative, any positive readings are a sign of bacterial infection (Urobili for short)
    Urobilinogen
  21. should be negative, any positive readings are a sign of infection (pus)
    Leokocytes- (WBC)
  22. Ø How heavy urine is, the more cells in the sample the heavier it is. (this is the second test you would write a number for)
    specific gravity
  23. will be recorded as numbers.
    pH and specific gravity
  24. Kidneys and Bladder
  25. Parts of the Urinary System
  26. 2 bean shaped organs on both sides of vertebral column
    kidneys
  27. outer layer (hard
    coretex
  28. inner layer (soft)
    medulla
  29. nephrons, ureters, bladder, urethra
    inside the medulla
  30. microscopic filtering units (they do the work of the kidneys to filture the blood)
    nephrons
  31. tube that drains urine from kidney to bladder
    ureters
  32. holds urine until it leaves body (expandable muscle, It can shrink or expand)
    bladder
  33. tube that drains urine from bladder to outside world
    urethra
  34. excretion, secretion, elimination
    purpose of urinary system
  35. removal of waste products and other unwanted elements from blood
    excretion
  36. the production of urine (blood is transportation unit of body, kidneys squeeze the blood. Everything comes out, as the elements come out,the body counts it and then puts the elements back in, when elements go back in, the brain tells ur body where to send the blood. Everything that does not go in is what becomes urine) Your bladder fills then,
    secretion
  37. removal of urine from the bladder
    elimination
  38. Keeps homeostasis (*balance in body, ability to keep body functioning even when sick) by removing toxins
    Helps remove additional fluid from the body
    Helps maintain blood pressure
    Neutralizes substances
    Helps keep body energized
    Works with other bodily systems
    functions of urinary system
  39. Microscopic filtering units,
    Over 1 million in each kidney,
    Fluid passed through ureter and drained into bladder,
    Bladders stores urine until enough is collected for elimination
    nephrons
  40. body stores water
  41. in the intestines because it has a hollow space. If you don’t drink water every day your body will pull it from ur intestines, so now u have shitty water in your body.
  42. is a one way passage to the heart but before the heart the bloods stops at the kidneys
    arteries
  43. filtration, reabsorbation, secretion
  44. Creation of Urine
  45. the process of removing substances from the blood
    filtration
  46. the process of recycling removed substances to be reused by the body
    reabsorbation
  47. the process of moving substances from the blood and creating urine
    secretion
  48. elements removed from from blood include:
    water, amino acids, glucose, electrolytes
  49. Elements reabsorbed by the body include:
    Potassium, calcium, amino acids, sodium, chloride
  50. physical, chemical, microscopic examination of urine
    urinalysis
  51. a procedure that allows a physician to see the inside of the lower urinary tract to detect
    Cystoscopy
  52. mechanical process of removing waste from blood
    dialysis
  53. removal of damage kidney for a donated kidney
    kidney transplant
  54. medulla and coretex
    parts of kidney

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