Religion Final Exam
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. What would you like to do?
Submission or surrender
Which of the following does NOT necessarily describe a Muslim?
a. an Arab who follows God
b. one who is to carry out God’s will in history
c. God’s representative on earth
d. one who seeks to create a socially just society
An Arab who follows God
In size, Islam is
the second largest of all religions
Which person from the Hebrew Bible is NOT considered part of Islam’s genealogy?
Which of the following is NOT a Muslim belief?
a. divine judgment
b. original sin
c. God is the creator, sustainer, and ruler of the universe
d. prophets and revelation
“The disaster,” as it is known in Muslim literature and consciousness, that triggered a period of doubt and self-examination in the 1970s was about
losing major territories, including the holy city, Israel.
Which of the following is NOT a holy city to Muslims?
In America and Europe, Islam is
Fastest growing religion
The word “jihad” means
Strive or Struggle
As Christians look to Jesus and the New Testament and Jews look to Moses and the Torah, Muslims look to
Muhammid and Quran
Which describes pre-Islamic Arabian society and religion?
Which of the following was NOT condemned by Muhammad?
a. exploitation of the poor, widows, and orphans
c. false contracts
d. earning profit in business transactions
Earning profit in business transactions
Muhammad saw his relationship to the religion of Islam as that of
Prophet and reformer
What means did Muhammad use to defeat the Meccans and unite the tribes of Arabia under the banner of Islam?
force and diplomacy
Which was a role played by Muhammad in the early Muslim community
- arbiter and judge
- political and military leader
Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the revelation of Islam?
a. assertion of the rights of the tribe
b. assertion of primary loyalty to the ummah
c. protection of the rights of orphans
d. protection of the rights of women
assertion of the rights of the tribe
Which of the following is NOT a teaching of the Quran?
a. virgin birth of Jesus
b. Jesus was a great prophet
c. death and resurrection of Jesus
d. Jesus was God’s servant
death and ressurection of Jesus
Which of the following is NOT true of Muhammad’s relationship with the Jews?
a. he expected them to be his allies due to shared prophets and revelations
b. he forcibly converted them to Islam
c. he recognized them as a separate community, but politically allied to the Muslims
d. he allowed them to maintain cultural and religious autonomy
he forbicly convered them to Islam
When the Jewish population of Medina did not convert to Islam, Muhammad instituted
changed the direction of prayer from Jerusilm to Mecca.
Ijtihad means to
interpret or reinterpret Islam or Islam law
A condition of dhimmi, or having protected status, was
paying a special tax
Which of the following is NOT true of Islamic civilization?
a. portraiture and statuary became major art forms
b. science, medicine, and philosophy flourished
c. Muslims made major contributions to medicine, mathematics, and astronomy
d. great urban cultural centers emerged in Cairo, Baghdad, Cordova, Palermo, and Nishapur
portaiture and statuary became major art forms.
Muslims believe all of the following about the Quran EXCEPT a. it was revealed to Muhammad over a period of 22 years b. it is the eternal, uncreated, final word of God c. it shares the same mother source as the Jewish Torah and the Christian Evangel d. it is a chronological account of human history
it is chronological account of human history
The hijra is
the emigration of the early muslim community from Mecca to Medina
Sunnis and Shiahs split due to a
difference in opintion over who should lead the muslim community following Muhammad's death.
Shiahs believe all of the following EXCEPT
a. Ali was the first successor to Muhammad as leader of the Muslim community
b. the ayatollah is the infallible religious leader of the Muslim community
c. the martyrdom of Husayn serves as a paradigm of suffering, oppression, and protest against
d. the Mahdi will return at the end of time to usher in a perfect Islamic society of truth and justice
The ayatollah is the infallible religious leader of the Muslim community
The proportions of Sunnis and Shiahs respectively are
85 % Sunni-15 % Shiah
Which of the following is NOT a source of Islamic law?
a. the Quran
b. the Sunnah
Which of the following is NOT one of the Five Pillars of Islam?
b. declaration of faith
c. prayer five times daily
Muslims are required to fast from dawn to dusk during the month of Ramadan, abstaining from
Assuming the Muslim is physically and financially able, the pilgrimage to Mecca is expected to be done
at least once in a lifetime
Women’s rights granted by the Quran included all of the following EXCEPT
a. contracting own marriage
b. maintaining guardianship over children until they reach adulthood
c. owning and inheriting property
d. receiving and keeping her dowry upon marriage
maintaining guardianship over children until they reach adult hood
Marriage according to Islam principles can best be described as
civil contract leagalizing intercourse and the procreation of children
The ulama are
Islamic religious scholars
Muhammad al-Ghazali, in the early 12th century, most likely prevented the demise of Sufism by
producing a religious synthesis of myticism and orthodoxy
Following the third pillar of Islam, almsgiving, requires a Muslim to contribute annually
2.5 % of the accumulated wealth and assets
The Crusades were actually launched by
Pope Urban II and Christian leaders.
The two major Islamic revivalist movements in the Middle East and South Asia in the 1930s were
Jamaat-i-Islami Muslim brotherhood
The African-American Islamic movement in America that has the largest number of followers and does not practice black separatism or preach black nationalism is
African Muslim Mission
Which is NOT an issue of debate for contemporary Islamic reformers?
a. restoration of the caliphate
b. status of women
c. status of non-Muslims
d. compatibility of Islam and democracy
Restoration of the cephate
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