AP Lit poetry test flaschards.txt

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AP Lit poetry test flaschards.txt
2010-02-27 16:11:38
British Poetry

a revised version of # 8352
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  1. Sir Thomas Wyatt (1503-1542)
    • courtier of Henry VIII
    • brought the Petrarchan sonnet (or love sonnet) to England
    • rhyme scheme: abba abba cde cde
    • 14 lines iambic pentameter
    • octet (problem/situation) + sestet (answer/comment)
    • had a �thing� for Anne Bolyn (who was beheaded by Henry VIII)
    • published by Tottle in Tottle�s Miscellany
  2. �Whoso list to hunt, I know where is an hind��
    • Wyatt
    • pun on deer/dear
    • use of hyperbole in line 8: �Since in a net I seek to hold the wind�
    • archaic language
    • extended metaphor/conceit: love = hunt
    • noli me tangere = don�t touch me
    • volta or shift beginning with �since�
  3. �They flee from me that Sometime did me Seek�
    • Wyatt
    • not a sonnet, about a strong woman + weak man
    • has animal imagery
    • bitter tone
    • funny poem passed around the court
    • inversion in title draws attention
  4. Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey
    • courtier of Henry VIII
    • beheaded by Henry at 30 because he was a rival to the throne (royal blood)
    • introduced blank verse in English poetry (unrhymed iambic pentameter)
    • gave sonnet rhyme scheme that became the English/Shakespearean sonnet
    • 3 quatrains and a couplet
    • rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg
  5. �Love that doth reign and live within my thought�
    • Surrey
    • 1st quatrain is about battle words, male's thoughts
    • 2nd about female reaction (anger)
    • 3rd about love�s retreat
    • 4th is like a punchline: �I will love her no matter what�
    • published in Tottle�s Miscellany
  6. Sir Walter Raleigh
    • Queen Elizabeth�s confidential secretary, captain of her guard, her lover
    • had passion for being a soldier, colonization, tobacco (1st Englishman to smoke it)
    • convicted by James I of treason, put him in Tower of London in 1603
    • executed in 1618
  7. �Nature, that washed her hands�
    • Raleigh
    • personification of nature, love, time
    • mother nature = woman
    • time = man
    • theme is that time destroys everything
    • caustic
    • cynical, not typical of a Petrarchan lover
    • has an apostrophe: "Oh, cruel time," addressing something not there, can't respond
  8. "What Is Our Life"
    • Raleigh
    • life is a play ("short comedy"/"play of passion")
    • microcosm (little world) of macrocosm (big world)
    • laughter is music, wombs are dressing rooms, heaven is an audience/judge, graves are curtains
    • light hearted during quatrains
    • shift occurs in final couplet, becomes serious
    • no curtain call
  9. "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd"
    • Raleigh
    • 1600
    • Philomel is an allusion to a mythical character who turned into a nightingale
    • reply to Marlowe's pastoral lyric: "The Passionate Shepherd to His Love"
    • tempus fugit doesn't allow for carpe diem as short time allows few mistakes
    • says that the world is not young
    • reverses Marlowe's positive words into negative images
    • woman says to man the his promises will not last
    • winter inevitably follows spring
    • "nymphs grow old and shepherds grow cold"
  10. Sir Philip Sidney
    • soldier of the queen
    • fought in battle, led 600 Englishmen against 4,500 Spaniards
    • wounded in thigh, died of gangrene
    • wrote first substantial critical essay defending imaginative literature
    • wrote first sonnet sequence/cycle, Astrophel and Stella
  11. Astrophel and Stella
    • Sidney
    • star-lover and star)
    • 1st sonnet sequence/cycle
    • 108 poems to Penelope Devereux
    • Petrarchan lover = modest, unrequited love
  12. "Loving in truth"
    • Sidney
    • about writer's block, how he loves but doesn't know how to say it
    • looked at other writer's poems
    • "fresh and fruitful showers" = ideas, productivity
    • metaphor of being pregnant, wanting to give birth to thought
    • Muse = allusion in shift where he decides to think for himself
  13. "With how sad steps"
    • Sidney
    • asks the moon about how bad women are, if they're the same in heaven
    • concerns love and women
  14. Edmund Spenser
    • "poet's poet"
    • wrote the Faerie Queene (longest poem in English language, even though he didn't even finish it)
    • wrote Amoretti ("little love") sonnet cycle/sequence to Elizabeth Boyle (2nd wife)
    • buried in poet's corner
  15. "the Faerie Queene"
    • Spenser
    • Canto 8, the one we read in the book, is an allegory: a Christian beguiled by falsehood loses his purity, falling to pride can can only be restored by truth
    • Prince Arthur and Una (one/truth/purity) go to Orgolio's Castle (Orgolio = pride)
    • Arthur kills the 7-headed beast and disrobes Duessa (two/falsehood) who has the (starving) Redcrosse Knight
    • when Duessa's ugliness is known, she retreats to the wilderness
    • Duessa = Mary Queen of Scots; calls herself "Fidessa," or faithfulness
    • Orgolio = Pope of Rome
    • Gloriane = Queen Elizabeth
    • Redcrosse Knight = knight of holiness/country of England
  16. the 7 deadly sins
    • idleness (sloth)
    • gluttony
    • lechery (lust)
    • avarice (greed)
    • envy
    • wrath
    • pride (worst of the sins, leads to all the rest)
  17. "Sonnet 30"
    • Spenser
    • about unreciprocated love
    • very paradoxical (ice is kindling to fire, fire freezes ice)
    • metaphorical (his love his fire, her hate is ice)
  18. "Sonnet 75"
    • Spenser
    • about immortality of love
    • his lover's name written in the sand may wash away, but love will live forever in his poetry about her
    • name in the sand = archetypal
  19. Christopher Marlowe
    "spy who died with a dagger in his eye"
  20. "The Passionate Shepherd to His Love"
    • Marlowe
    • 1599
    • pastoral lyric
    • - expresses emotions in an idyllic setting
    • - related to "pasture," as in shepherds writing songs to their flocks
    • themes are carpe diem and immediate gratification of sexual passion
    • "free love" movement of the 1960's
    • love in the springtime, a "roll in the grass," would be like returning to the Garden of Eden
    • passed around like a joke, supposedly
    • replied to by Raleigh from the nymph's perspective (shoots him down)
  21. Shakespeare
    • wrote a lot of poems to a boy (possibly to his son, right?)
    • obviously wrote in Shakespearean/English sonnets
    • pretty famous guy
    • married Anne Hathaway in a shotgun wedding (he was 18, she was 26)
  22. "Sonnet 46"
    • Shakespeare
    • eye beauty/love vs. heart beauty/love
    • court/law conceit throughout
    • ends by giving outward love to his eyes and inward love to his heart
  23. "Sonnet 29"
    • Shakespeare
    • man pities himself and is jealous of other man's hope, looks, friends, talents
    • metaphor to being a lark who sings to the heavens
    • heaven changes from being deaf to hymnal
    • "when I'm with you, I don't wanna be anybody else"
  24. "Sonnet 73
    • Shakespeare
    • fall = old age * winter = death
    • spring = birth * summer = youth
    • seasons as metaphors/conceits are archetypal
    • boughs = limbs
    • metaphors of time of day: night is death, obviously
    • west is death, sunset
    • paradox: "consumed with that which it was nourished by"
    • couplet at end: "you see how I'm growing old, but it makes our love stronger"
    • carpe diem: "ceize the day"
    • tempus fugit: "time flies"
  25. "Sonnet 116"
    • Shakespeare
    • personification of love
    • love is permanent
    • love>time
    • "edge of doom" = end of time
    • last couplet: if this poem isn't true, than I'm not a writer, and no man has ever loved!
  26. "Sonnet 130"
    • Shakespeare
    • not typical, basically calls his lady ugly
    • but he loves her anyway
  27. *Petrarchan conventions:
    • devotion by lover (man)
    • rejection by loved (woman)
    • complaining persona
    • unrequited love (sonnet sequence/cycle)
    • use of paradox and metaphor
    • physical vs. spiritual love