Card Set Information
Messiah is the chosen or anointed one
Apocalypse is one who looks to the end of the world
Tanakh are the Jewish scriptures
Asceticim is strick self denial and self disipline ex:Monks
Mithras share rituals with christianity such as baptism, fasting, communal meal and sacrifice for humanity
Paul is often referred to as the co founder of christanity. Paul was schooled in Greek and Hebrew.
Iconography is the literal and symbolic meaning of subject matter
Catacombs are christian burial coffins often built under the cities
A nave is a long colonnaded central hall within a basilica.
The transept faces the east end of the church at the end f the nave and is rectangular in shape
apse is half moon in shape located beyond the transept and always faces est towards Jerusilum
Clerestory are a row of windows at the top of the upper wall of the nave within the basilica. Light would enter through the windows and believed to be a representation of God.
Constantine established and legalized christianity. He is also know as the 3rd founder of christianity. He was involved in compiling the christian bible.
Dogma is the law of the religion, it what you believe.
Justinian is an emperior and establishes the golden age of Byzantium.
Pendentives are triangular in shape & were added to the base of the dome shape structure to help form symmetry in a Byzantine church.
Iconoclasm also known as to break images; was a policy that forbid the making of any new icons and the distruction of what was already there.
Muhammad was born in Mecca (in modern day Saudi Arabia) and his parents died young so he was raised by his uncle. Muhammad was presented the Quran by God.
Quran means recite. The Quran is the holy book of Islam and broken into 114 chapters or suras.
Caliph is the theocratic (political and spiritual thoughts) of Islam
sufism is the practised purification of the soul and mystical union with God through meditation, fasting and prayer
Hajj is a pilgrimage to Mecca to see the Kaaba and is required of every Muslim to partake in.
Jihad means struggle. Jihad represents all aspects of the Muslim drive toward moral and religious perfection including the spread of Islam.
Mosque is the officail Muslim place of worship.
Mihrab is located in a Mosque and is a niche in the wall marking the direction toward Mecca
qibla is a wall inside a mosque facing in the direction of Mecca
Arabesque is the geometric floral pattern in Islamic art.
Calligraphy also known as beautiful writing used in Islamic art.
Charlemagne also known as Charles the Great, he establishes Holy Roman Empire, he was the most influencial of the Middle Ages.
Feudalism is the relationship between the lord and vassel. Its dominates over the Middle Ages.
Lord was the superior one of the Medieval hierarchical system over a vassel
Vassal serves the lord by fighting for him inexchange for fief.
Serfs are peasants living in mannors providing the lord with tax money in exchange for the use of the land and military protection.
Chivalry is a strict code of behavior that everyone had to follow in Feudal life.
Chanson de geste
Chanson de geste means song of the deed or song of a heroic deeds represented in Song of Roland.
illuminated manuscript pages not only light up with the glimmer of the gold leaf in the candle but also enlightens the reader.
cloisonne' is enamelwork produced by pouring molten colored glass between thin gold or silver partitions
Niello is a black sulfurous substance
Vikings are Germanic raiders from Scandinvavia
L'Anse aux Meadows
L'Anse aux Meadows also known as Jellyfish Cove is the 1st European colony established in the "Americas".
Sacramnets are rituals associated with mass and there are 7 of them; baptism, confirmation, ordination, marriage, confession, Eucharist, and final absolution.
Monasticism is to be by yourself in the hills or country so you can focus and pray.
William the Conqueror
William the conqueror takes over England in 1066 and is the Duke of Normandy
indulgences means that all your sins will be forgiven, its a get out of hell free card.
primogeniture is the 1st male born in the family and will take over the power (younger sons and daughters get nothing)
relics are important body parts such as hair, nails, clothing ect. Relics are prized and treasured things brought back to the church
heresy means the revealed truths of the Christian faith.
excommunication or kicked out of the church you can not receive sacraments so you dont have grace which means you cant go to heaven.
guild means to regulate the community.
battle of universals
battle of universals
Thomas Aquinas is a frier thats says you must have faith and reason. He is a monk who lives among people and is educated.
tympanum is the semicircular space within the arch of the protal and is represented as a raised relief.
Gothic arch or pointed arch is more pointed and supports more weight than the earlier arches.
flying buttress are located on the exterior wall of a church to hold up or support the weight of the wall.
gargoyle are waterspouts in the form of grotesque figures located in the upper portion of the exterior of a cathedral.
tempera is powdered pigment and they would add egg yoke (for a longer life) to the pigment and paint it onto the wood.