Soc Review 2-1
Card Set Information
Soc Review 2-1
Tough Guise - Consequences?
Young-men putting up a tough front, and those men becoming violent because they think that is part of being a man and is acceptable
Tough Guise - Who suffers?
Boys and young-men as well as the people that they effect
Tough Guise - Who is responsible?
Tough Guise - How do we fix it?
Women need to reject the "bad boy" image, institutions (rich white men) who have put out the typical tough guy image need to be replaced, and we need to learn from the past
Invisible barrier that prevents women and other minorities from moving into top corporate positions
Tendency for women with children to be disadvantaged in hiring and wages compared to women without children
Occupational Sex Segregation
Concentration of women in traditionally female occupations and men in others
Glass Escalator Effect
Tendency for men working in typically female occupations to benefit from their minority status
Pink Collar Jobs
Jobs that offer few benefits, often have low prestige, and are disproportionately occupied by women
Why Sex Segregation Continues
Cultural beliefs about what is appropriate, opportunity structures are different, and the price of motherhood
Choices that are limited by the structure of society
Income - Women vs. Men
Women 77 cents to a man's $1
US Maternity / Paternity Leave
US has no national policy. In 1993 women were for the first time offered 12 weeks of unpaid job-protected leave. 5 states deviate from this and offer some sort of paid time off
Why Gendered Wage Gap - Human Capital Hypothesis
Pay differences in women's and men's levels of education, skills, training, and work experience
Why Gendered Wage Gap - Devaluation Hypothesis
Women are paid less because the work they perform is socially defined as less valuable