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What is crime?
An act that violates the criminal law and is punishable by the state
FBI's UCR - Rate
number of reported crimes, divided by total population, multiplied by 100,000
FBI's UCR - Prevalence
proportion of a population committing crimes
FBI's UCR - Incidence
frequencey or average number of offenses per offender
Part 1 offenses
- Non-negligent manslaughter
- Forcible rape
- Aggravated assault
Part 2 offenses
- Other (simple) assaults
- Stolen property
- Sex Offenses
- Drug Abuse Violations
Reasons for not reporting crime
Victims least likely to report offenses that:
- –are attempts, only
- –are of little or no financial/physical loss
- –are non threatening to personal security
- –are viewed as not serious
- –do not involve a firearm
Other reasons not to report crime
–Belief that police can do little to catch the violator
–Victims may be involved in criminal activity themselves
–Victims fear retaliationVictim’s view that police are insensitive
Police recording practices are affected by
–philosophy of the department
–institutionalized political agenda
NCVS (National Crime Victimization Survey)
Ongoing household survey since 1972
UCR (Uniform Crime Report)
Collects data from local police department
Methodological problems with NCVS
-Under reporting still occurs
-Overestimation can occur
After the peak in 1990's, the crime rates have declined, due to:
–shrinking drug market
–more effort against misdemeanor crimes
Racial categories used by FBI
White, Black, Asian, American Indian or Alaskan
Regional homicide rates are highest and lowest where?
highest - South
Lowest - North East
Regional property cime rates are highest where?
South and West
How much more rape did the NCVS find in 2005 than was reported?
percentage of rapes that occur between strangers
percentage of robberies that occur between familiar people.
Other forms of violent crime
•Intimate Partner Violence
•Stalking is often accompanied by physical and/or sexual assault
•Hate Crimes may include a violent crime
Forms of property crime
-No relationship between criminal and victim
-Usually planned, but can be spontaneous
-Typically no prior relationship between parties
What is the most violent group in the industrial world?
Young American Men
Females are most arrested for?