Crim Test 1

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
8362
Filename:
Crim Test 1
Updated:
2010-02-27 18:03:50
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Crim
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Description:
Criminology Exam 1
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  1. What is crime?
    An act that violates the criminal law and is punishable by the state
  2. FBI's UCR - Rate
    number of reported crimes, divided by total population, multiplied by 100,000
  3. FBI's UCR - Prevalence
    proportion of a population committing crimes
  4. FBI's UCR - Incidence
    frequencey or average number of offenses per offender
  5. Part 1 offenses
    • Murder
    • Non-negligent manslaughter
    • Forcible rape
    • Robbery
    • Aggravated assault
    • Burglary
    • Larceny
  6. Part 2 offenses
    • Other (simple) assaults
    • Forgery/counterfeiting
    • Embezzlement
    • Stolen property
    • Vandalism
    • Weapons
    • Prostitution
    • Sex Offenses
    • Drug Abuse Violations
  7. Reasons for not reporting crime
    Victims least likely to report offenses that:
  8. –are attempts, only
    • –are of little or no financial/physical loss
    • –are non threatening to personal security
    • –are viewed as not serious
    • –do not involve a firearm
  9. Other reasons not to report crime
    –Belief that police can do little to catch the violator

    –Victims may be involved in criminal activity themselves

    –Victims fear retaliationVictim’s view that police are insensitive
  10. Police recording practices are affected by
    –philosophy of the department

    –institutionalized political agenda
  11. NCVS (National Crime Victimization Survey)
    Ongoing household survey since 1972
  12. UCR (Uniform Crime Report)
    Collects data from local police department
  13. Methodological problems with NCVS
    -Under reporting still occurs

    -Overestimation can occur
  14. After the peak in 1990's, the crime rates have declined, due to:
    –tougher sentencing

    –more incarceration

    –shrinking drug market

    –more effort against misdemeanor crimes
  15. Racial categories used by FBI
    White, Black, Asian, American Indian or Alaskan
  16. Regional homicide rates are highest and lowest where?
    highest - South

    Lowest - North East
  17. Regional property cime rates are highest where?
    South and West
  18. How much more rape did the NCVS find in 2005 than was reported?
    122%
  19. percentage of rapes that occur between strangers
    42-53%
  20. percentage of robberies that occur between familiar people.
    20-35%
  21. Other forms of violent crime
    •Intimate Partner Violence

    •Stalking is often accompanied by physical and/or sexual assault

    •Hate Crimes may include a violent crime
  22. Forms of property crime
    Burglary

    Larceny
  23. Burglary?
    -Usually planned

    -No relationship between criminal and victim
  24. Larceny?
    -Usually planned, but can be spontaneous

    -Typically no prior relationship between parties
  25. What is the most violent group in the industrial world?
    Young American Men
  26. Females are most arrested for?
    Larceny

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