Nomenclature & Ions

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Author:
jswareham
ID:
8367
Filename:
Nomenclature & Ions
Updated:
2010-02-28 20:06:22
Tags:
Cations Anions Ions Nomenclature
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Description:
List of Cations and Anions thier names and Ionic charges
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  1. H (cation)
    • Name: Hydrogen(g)
    • Charge: H+
    • Always a diatiomic molecule H2
  2. Li
    • Name: Lithium
    • Charge: Li+
  3. Na
    • Name: Sodium
    • Charge: Na+
  4. K
    • Name: Potassium
    • Charge: K+
  5. Rb
    • Name: Rubidium
    • Charge: Rb+
  6. Cs
    • Name: Cesium
    • Charge: Cs+
  7. Ag
    • Name: Silver
    • Charge: Ag+
  8. Cu(I)
    • Name: Copper (I)
    • Charge: Cu+
  9. Tl(I)
    • Name: Thallium (I)
    • Charge: Tl+
  10. Hg(I)
    • Name: Mercury (I)(L)
    • Charge: Hg+ (only exists as Hg2+2 ion)
  11. NH4
    • Name: Ammonium
    • Charge: NH4+
  12. Be
    • Name: Beryllium
    • Charge: Be+2
  13. Mg
    • Name: Magnesium
    • Charge: Mg+2
  14. Ca
    • Name: Calcium
    • Charge: Ca+2
  15. Sr
    • Name: Strontium
    • Charge: Sr+2
  16. Ba
    • Name: Barium
    • Charge: Ba+2
  17. Zn
    • Name: Zinc
    • Charge: Zn+2
  18. Cd
    • Name: Cadmium
    • Charge: Cd+2
  19. Co
    • Name: Cobalt
    • Charge: Co+2
  20. Cu(II)
    • Name: Copper (II)
    • Charge: Cu+2
  21. Fe(II)
    • Name: Iron (II)
    • Charge: Fe+2
  22. Mn(II)
    • Name: Manganese (II)
    • Charge: Mn+2
  23. Hg(II)
    • Name: Mercury (II)
    • Charge: Hg+2 (do not confuse with the diatomic Hg(I) ion Hg2+2)
  24. Ni (II)
    • Name: Nickel (II)
    • Charge: Ni+2
  25. Pb (II)
    • Name: Lead (II)
    • Charge: Pb+2
  26. Sn (II)
    • Name: Tin (II)
    • Charge: Sn+2
  27. Al
    • Name: Aluminum
    • Charge: Al+3
  28. Ga
    • Name: Gallium
    • Charge: Ga+3
  29. In
    • Name: Indium
    • Charge: In+3
  30. Bi (III)
    • Name: Bismuth (III)
    • Charge: Bi+3
  31. Cr (III)
    • Name: Chromium (III)
    • Charge: Cr+3
  32. Fe(III)
    • Name: Iron (III)
    • Charge: Fe+3
  33. Tl (III)
    • Name: Thallium (III)
    • Charge: Tl+3
  34. Au
    Name: Gold
  35. H (anion)
    • Name: Hydrogen
    • Charge: H-
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: PH3 Phosphorus Hydride
  36. F
    • Name: Fluorine(g)
    • Charge: F-
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: CaF Calcium Fluoride
    • Note: diatomic molecule F2
  37. Cl
    • Name: Chlorine(g)
    • Charge: Cl-
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: KCl Potassium Chloride
    • Note: diatomic molecule Cl2
  38. Br
    • Name: Bromine(L)
    • Charge: Br-
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: NaBr Sodium Bromide
    • Note: diatomic molecule Br2
  39. I
    • Name: Iodine
    • Charge: I-
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: KI Potassium Iodide
    • Note: diatomic molecule I2
  40. CN
    • Name: Cyanide
    • Charge: CN-
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: Be(CN)2 Beryllium Cyanide
  41. OH
    • Name: Hydroxide
    • Charge: OH-
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: NaOH Sodium Hydroxide
  42. ClO
    • Name: Hypochlorite
    • Charge: ClO-
    • Suffix: -ite
  43. ClO2
    • Name: Chlorite
    • Charge: ClO2-
    • Suffix: -ite
  44. HSO3
    • Name: Hydrogen Sulfite (Bisulfite)
    • Charge: HSO3-
    • Suffix: -ite
  45. NO2
    • Name: Nitrite
    • Charge: NO2-
    • Suffix: -ite
  46. ClO3
    • Name: Chlorate
    • Charge: ClO3-
    • Suffix: -ate
  47. ClO4
    • Name: Perchlorate
    • Charge: ClO4-
    • Suffix: -ate
  48. HCO3
    • Name: Hydrogen Carbonate (Bicarbonate)
    • Charge: HCO3-
    • Suffix: -ate
  49. HSO4
    • Name: Hydrogen Sulfate (Bisulfate)
    • Charge: HSO4-
    • Suffix: -ate
  50. H2PO4
    • Name: Dihydrogen Phosphate
    • Charge: H2PO4-
    • Suffix: -ate
  51. C2H3O2
    • Name: Acetate
    • Charge: C2H3O2-
    • Suffix: -ate
  52. NO3
    • Name: Nitrate
    • Charge: NO3-
    • Suffix: -ate
  53. MnO4
    • Name: Permanganate
    • Charge: MnO4-
    • Suffix: -ate
  54. O
    • Name: Oxygen(g)
    • Charge: O-2
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: CaO Calcium Oxide
    • Note: diatomic molecule O2
  55. S
    • Name: Sulfer
    • Charge: S-2
    • Example: CuS Copper (II) Sulfide
    • Suffix: -ide
  56. Se
    • Name: Selenium
    • Charge: Se-2
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: NiSe Nickel Selenide
  57. Te
    • Name: Tellurium
    • Charge: Te-2
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: FeTe Iron (II) Telluride
  58. O2 (anion)
    • Name: Peroxide
    • Charge: O2-2
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: H2O2 Hydrogen Peroxide
  59. SO3
    • Name: Sulfite
    • Charge: SO3-2
    • Suffix: -ite
  60. CO3
    • Name: Carbonate
    • Charge: CO3-2
    • Suffix: -ate
  61. CrO4
    • Name: Chromate
    • Charge: CrO4-2
    • Suffix: -ate
  62. Cr2O7
    • Name: Dichromate
    • Charge: Cr2O7-2
    • Suffix: -ate
  63. HPO4
    • Name: Monohydrogen Phosphate
    • Charge: HPO4-2
    • Suffix: -ate
  64. C2O4
    • Name: Oxalate
    • Charge: C2O4-2
    • Suffix: -ate
  65. SO4
    • Name: Sulfate
    • Charge: SO4-2
    • Suffix: -ate
  66. S2O3
    • Name: Thiosulfate
    • Charge: S2O3-2
    • Suffix: -ate
  67. N
    • Name: Nitrogen(g)
    • Charge: N-3
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: AlN Aluminum Nitride
    • Note: diatomic molecule N2
  68. P
    • Name: Phosphorus
    • Charge: P-3
    • Suffix: -ide
    • Example: CrP Chromium Phosphide
  69. PO4
    • Name: Phosphate
    • Charge: PO4-3
    • Suffix: -ate
  70. He
    • Name: Helium(g)
    • Note: Noble Gas
  71. B
    • Name: Boron
    • Charge: B+3
  72. C
    • Name: Carbon
    • Charge: C+4
  73. Ne
    • Name: Neon(g)
    • Note: Noble Gas
  74. Si
    Name: Silicon
  75. Ar
    • Name: Argon(g)
    • Note: Noble Gas
  76. Kr
    • Name: Krypton(g)
    • Note: Noble Gas
  77. Xe
    • Name: Xenon(g)
    • Note: Noble Gas
  78. Rn
    • Name: Radon(g)
    • Note: Noble Gas
  79. O3
    • Name: Ozone(g)
    • Note: an allotrope of oxygen
  80. H2O
    Name: Water
  81. H2O2
    Name: Hydrogen Peroxide
  82. HF
    • Name: Hydrogen Fluoride
    • Note: in water, it is Hf(aq), Hydrofluoric acid, a weak acid
  83. NH3
    • Name: Ammonia
    • Note: do not confuse with NH4 ammonium
  84. CH4
    • Name: Methane(g)
    • Note: an organic compound
  85. CO
    Name: Carbon Monoxide(g)
  86. CO2
    Name: Carbon Dioxide(g)

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