Antiseptics and Disinfectants

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Author:
2getAs
ID:
83674
Filename:
Antiseptics and Disinfectants
Updated:
2011-05-04 00:35:55
Tags:
Antiseptics Disinfectants Veterinary Pharmacology
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Description:
Veterinary Pharmacology
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  1. Antiseptic
    topically on animal
  2. Disinfectants
    on inanimate objects
  3. Iodine compounds
    • - include Iodophores: betadine and Povidine
    • - moderately to highly bactericidal and fungicidal, highly virucidal
    • - presurgical scrub, solutions, tinctures, thermometers, corrosive to surfaces, stains
    • - not effective for spores
  4. Betadine
    may be used to lavage wounds (diluted out); solution for pre-surgery, stains
  5. Tinctures of iodine
    - dip navel, used for navel infection in farm animals, since antibodies are not absorbed through placenta
  6. Biguanide
    • - include: Chlorhexidine (Nolvasan, Hibiclens, Virosan)
    • - used for skin wounds, presurgical scrub, oral cleansing solution, cages
    • - residual action
    • - highly bactericidal, moderately virucidal, and poorly fungicidal
    • - no staining
  7. Alcohols
    • - 70% isopropyl
    • - for instruments and thermometers
    • - highly bactericidal, some virucidal, and poor fungicidal
    • - affected by organic material and dirt
    • - contact time isn't long enough
    • - surgical--- degreases the skin
  8. Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
    • - benzalkonium chloride (Benz All)
    • - didecyl dimethyl ammonium choride (Roccal-D)
    • - cold sterilization for instruments, rubber, inanimate objects
    • - moderately bactericidal, virucidal, and fungicidal
  9. Chlorine compounds
    • - sodium hypochlorite (chlorox)
    • - for floors, cages (not on stainless steal-- leaves residue
    • - virucidal/bactericidal/fungicidal
    • - OSHA recommended
    • - solutions have short potency span, replaced every 2-3d
    • - easily inactivated in organic material
    • - unstable if exposed to light
    • - 1:10 dilution
  10. Aldehydes
    • - toxic and irritating
    • - gluteraldehyde
    • - for instruments
    • - highly bactericidal, virucidal and fungicidal
    • - action not affected by organic debris
  11. Ethylene Oxide
    • - carcinogen; highly flammable
    • - gas sterilization for objects that cannot withstand heat: rubber goods, blankets, lensed instruments (endoscopes)
    • - highly bactericidal, virucidal and fungicidal

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