Anth 1200

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Ashleyhigginbottom
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8368
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Anth 1200
Updated:
2010-02-27 19:08:37
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Anth
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Exam 1
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  1. Race
    an ethnic group assumed to have a biological basis.
  2. Ethnicity
    identification with and feeling a part of an ethnic group and exclusion from certain other groups because of its affiliation.
  3. Change
    development, westernization, and modernization.
  4. Ethnography
    a book written by an anthropologist that lives in a said culture and writes about their experience.
  5. Anthropology
    the exploration of human diversity in time and space.
  6. Five General Fields of Anthropology
    • Sociocultural
    • Archaelogical
    • Biological
    • Linguistic
    • Applied Anthropology
  7. Sociocultural Anthropology
    the study of human society and culture.
  8. Culture
    traditions and customs transmitted through learning that govern belief and behavior.
  9. Characteristics of Culture
    • Learned
    • Symbolic
    • Culture Seizes Nature
    • Shared
    • Patterned
    • Adaptive and Maladaptive
    • Acts on Many Levels
    • Holistic
  10. Ethnocentrism
    the notion that my culture is the correct culture. Sets cultures apart from eachother.
  11. Cultural Relativism
    the anthropological notion that all cultures are valid adaptations to the place and time they exist.
  12. Characteristics of All Primates
    • Grasping
    • Primary sense in face is sight
    • Primary sense of touch is hands
    • Brain Complexity
    • Parental Investment
    • Social Beings
  13. What makes humans different from other primates?
    • We use tools.
    • Communication Systems
    • Bipedalism
    • Sexual Dimorfism
    • Sharing, Cooperation, and Division of labor
    • mating, exogomy, and kinship
    • religion
    • extend credit to rip eachother off.
  14. Roman's Rule
    organisms only change enough to stay the same.
  15. How did mankind come to be?
    • Creationism
    • Castrophism
    • Transformism
  16. How did race come to be?
    People were isolated from eachother and adapted to the environment in which they lived.
  17. Three Components of Social Status
    • Wealth
    • Power
    • Prestige
  18. Hypodescent
    Rule of racial classification that classifies the offspring of parents of different races as the race of the subordinate group.
  19. Characteristics of Language
    • Unlimited words
    • Displacement
    • Non verbal communication
    • Structure
  20. phoneme
    smallest sound contrast that distinguishes meaning
  21. morpheme
    words and their meaningful parts
  22. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
    the language that we learn affects the way we think
  23. Modal Personality
    the typical behavioral pattern in any given culture.
  24. Deviant
    a person who has been assigned a new status and cannot get back into society.
  25. What labels you a deviant?
    • Violation of Law
    • Violation of Edicate
    • Aesthetic Standards
  26. Insanity
    People that lack control over deviant behavior.
  27. horticulturalists
    learned ow to plant crops
  28. pastoralists
    herded domesticated animals
  29. Characteristics of Hunters and Gatherers (Foragers)
    • lived in band society's with less than 100 people
    • Mobile
    • Sexual Divisions of Labor
    • Age Role Distinction
    • Equalitaristic Political Systems
    • Anamystic Religion
  30. Characteristics of Horticulture and Pastoralism
    • Not Mobile
    • No Machinery
    • Short term land use
    • No fertilizer
    • Tools were simple
  31. Characteristics of Agriculture
    • Intensive use of land
    • Use of domesticated animals
    • Control water
    • Terracing
  32. Cultural Materialism
    Marvin Harris believes that behavioral structure is what brings everything together and makes life.
  33. Technological Determinism
    • Leslie White says it is the driving force of cultural evolution.
    • Greater dependency on technology
    • More tools in tool kits.
    • More specialization tools.
    • Greater dependency on non-human energy and increasing complaxity of energy sources.
  34. Five components of fund
    • Subsistance Fund
    • Replacement Fund
    • Ceremonial Fund
    • Social Fund
    • Rent Fund
  35. Peasants
    a subordinate class of people bound economically to superordinate class.
  36. Methods of Distribution
    • Reciprocity
    • Redistribution
    • Market System
  37. Characteristics of State
    • Population Control
    • Law and Judicary
    • Law and Enforcement
    • Taxation
    • Education
    • Cumscription
    • Expropreation
  38. Causes of State Formation
    • Hydraulic System
    • Trade
    • Ecological Diversity
    • Population Control/ Warfare

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