Card Set Information
an ethnic group assumed to have a biological basis.
identification with and feeling a part of an ethnic group and exclusion from certain other groups because of its affiliation.
development, westernization, and modernization.
a book written by an anthropologist that lives in a said culture and writes about their experience.
the exploration of human diversity in time and space.
Five General Fields of Anthropology
the study of human society and culture.
traditions and customs transmitted through learning that govern belief and behavior.
Characteristics of Culture
Culture Seizes Nature
Adaptive and Maladaptive
Acts on Many Levels
the notion that my culture is the correct culture. Sets cultures apart from eachother.
the anthropological notion that all cultures are valid adaptations to the place and time they exist.
Characteristics of All Primates
Primary sense in face is sight
Primary sense of touch is hands
What makes humans different from other primates?
We use tools.
Sharing, Cooperation, and Division of labor
mating, exogomy, and kinship
extend credit to rip eachother off.
organisms only change enough to stay the same.
How did mankind come to be?
How did race come to be?
People were isolated from eachother and adapted to the environment in which they lived.
Three Components of Social Status
Rule of racial classification that classifies the offspring of parents of different races as the race of the subordinate group.
Characteristics of Language
Non verbal communication
smallest sound contrast that distinguishes meaning
words and their meaningful parts
the language that we learn affects the way we think
the typical behavioral pattern in any given culture.
a person who has been assigned a new status and cannot get back into society.
What labels you a deviant?
Violation of Law
Violation of Edicate
People that lack control over deviant behavior.
learned ow to plant crops
herded domesticated animals
Characteristics of Hunters and Gatherers (Foragers)
lived in band society's with less than 100 people
Sexual Divisions of Labor
Age Role Distinction
Equalitaristic Political Systems
Characteristics of Horticulture and Pastoralism
Short term land use
Tools were simple
Characteristics of Agriculture
Intensive use of land
Use of domesticated animals
Marvin Harris believes that behavioral structure is what brings everything together and makes life.
Leslie White says it is the driving force of cultural evolution.
Greater dependency on technology
More tools in tool kits.
More specialization tools.
Greater dependency on non-human energy and increasing complaxity of energy sources.
Five components of fund
a subordinate class of people bound economically to superordinate class.
Methods of Distribution
Characteristics of State
Law and Judicary
Law and Enforcement
Causes of State Formation
Population Control/ Warfare