The Nervous System

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Author:
fecooper
ID:
83680
Filename:
The Nervous System
Updated:
2011-05-04 01:25:26
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Medical Terminology
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Medical terminology
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  1. afferent neurons
    nerves that carry impulses to the brain and spinal cord from the skin and sense organs
  2. analgesia
    absence of pain or sensation
  3. anesthesia
    lack of sensations
  4. aneurysm
    localized abnormal dilation of a blood vessel
  5. aphasia
    lack of speech
  6. ataxia
    lack of muscle coordination
  7. aura
    sensations, such as seeing colors or smelling an unusual odor, that occur just prior to an epileptic seizure or migraine headache
  8. cephalalgia
    headache
  9. cerebellar
    pertaining to the cerebellum
  10. cerebellum
    part of brain that aids in coordinating voluntary body movements and maintaining balance and equilibrium
  11. cerebral contusion
    bruising of the brain
  12. cerebrospinal
    pertaining to the cerebrum and spine
  13. cerebrum
    the largest section of the brain and is the area that possesses our thoughts, judgment, memory, association skills and ability to discriminate between items
  14. coma
    profound unconsciousness or stupor resulting in illness or injury
  15. concussion
    injury to the brain resulting from the brain being shaken inside the skull from a blow or impact
  16. conscious
    condition of being awake and aware of surroundings
  17. convulsion
    severe involuntary muscle contractions and relaxations
  18. delirium
    abnormal mental state characterized by confusion, disorientation, and agitation
  19. dementia
    progressive impairment of intellectual function that interferes with performing activities of daily living
  20. dysphasia
    difficult speech
  21. efferent neurons
    nerves that carry impulses away from the brain and spinal cord to the muscles and glands
  22. epilepsy
    recurrent disorder of the brain in which seizures and loss of consciousness occur as a result of uncontrolled electrical activity of the neurons in the brain
  23. frontal lobe
    most anterior portion of the cerebrum that controls motor function, personality and speech
  24. hemiparesis
    weakness or loss of motion on one side of the body
  25. hydrocephalus
    accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain, causing the head to be enlarge
  26. hyperesthesia
    excessive sensation
  27. hypothalamus
    controls body temperature, appetite, sleep, sexual desire and emotions
  28. intrathecal
    pertaining to within the meninges
  29. meninges
    three connective tissue membrane layers that surround the brain and spinal cord
  30. meningioma
    meninges tumor
  31. meningocele
    congenital condition in which the meninges protrude through an opening in the vertebral column
  32. migraine
    specific type of headache characterized by severe head pain, sensitivity to light, dizziness and nausea
  33. myelogram
    record of the spinal cord
  34. neuralgia
    nerve pain
  35. neuropathy
    nerve disease
  36. neuroplasty
    surgical repair of nerves
  37. neurorrhaphy
    suture of nerve
  38. occipital lobe
    most posterior portion of the cerebrum that controls visions
  39. paralysis
    temporary or permanent loss of function or voluntary movement
  40. paraplegia
    paralysis of the lower portion of the body and both legs
  41. parasympathetic branch
    brings body back to normal state by slowing down the heart rate, lowering blood pressure, constricting pupils, and increasing digestion
  42. paresthesias
    abnormal sensation such as burning or tingling
  43. parietal lobe
    most superior portion of the cerebrum that receives and interprets nerve impulses from sensory receptors and interprets language
  44. polyneuritis
    inflammation of many nerves
  45. radiculopathy
    nerve root disease
  46. seizure
    sudden, uncontrollable onset of symptoms
  47. subdural hematoma
    mass of blood forming beneath the dura mater
  48. sympathetic branch
    stimulates the body in times of stress and crisis by increasing heart rate, dilating airways, increasing blood pressure, inhibiting digestion and stimulating the production of adrenaline during a crisis
  49. syncope
    fainting
  50. temporal lobe
    left and right lateral portion of the cerebrum that control hearing and smell
  51. thalamus
    acts as a center for relaying impulses from the eyes, ears and skin to the cerebrum
  52. tremor
    involuntary repetitive alternating movement of a part of the body
  53. unconscious
    condition or state of being unaware of surroundings, with the inability to respond to stimuli
  54. ventricles
    fluid-filled spaces in the cerebrum
  55. ANS
    .autonomic nervous system
  56. CNS
    .central nervous system
  57. CVA
    .cerebrovascular accident
  58. EEG
    .electroencephalogram
  59. PNS
    .peripheral nervous system
  60. TIA
    .transient ischemic attack

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