classifications/vit.

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Author:
carolyn
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83685
Filename:
classifications/vit.
Updated:
2011-05-04 04:17:20
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pharm
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pharm
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  1. medication that increases urine production
    diuretic
  2. hormone secreted by the adrenal gland
    acts on the immune system
    suppresses body response to infection or trauma

    (antiinflammatory/immunosuppresant)
    corticosteroid
  3. a drug added to prescription to hasten or enhance the action of an ingrediant
    adjuvant
  4. drugs that block the alpha 1 receptors found in the smooth muscle in the bladder, neck, and prostate causing RELAXATION
    alpha blocker
  5. agent that neutralizes stomach acid
    antacid
  6. actions vary dependent on product. Used to correct and prevent vitamin deficiencies.
    vitamins
  7. used to calm individuals, without sedating them.
    tranquilizers
  8. depresses pain impulse transmission at spinal cord. Used to control moderate to severe pain.
    opioid analgesic
  9. Treats inflammation, mild to moderate pain, and fever. It also reduces blood clotting to help prevent strokes and heart attacks. Used for headaches, arthritis, and cramps.
    NSAIDS
  10. increase moisture content in stool, increase peristalsis and soften stools. Used for constipation.
    laxative
  11. protective agents applied to the skin, to help protect and alleviate itching and irrittion.
    emolliant
  12. increase excretion of water and sodium and potassium excretion. Used for hypertension, edema and glaucoma.
    diuretic
  13. relaxes bronchial smooth muscle and increase diameter of nasal passages. Used for asthma, bronchitis, emphysema or other obstructive pulmonary diseases.
    bronchodilator
  14. block stimulation of cardiac smooth muscle
    selective beta adrenergic blocker
  15. produce fall in blood pressure. Used for hypertension, dysrhythmias and angina.
    nonselective beta adrenergic blocker
  16. potentiate effects of GABA which results in decreased anxiety. Used for phobic disorders, acute alcohol withdrawal, and relaxation.
    benzodiazepines
  17. decrease impulse transmissions to cerebral cortex. Used in epilepsy, for sedation, insomnia, and as an anesthetic.
    barbituates
  18. interfere with DNA synthesis. Used for herpes simplex virus, advanced HIV.
    Antivirals/Antiretrovirals
  19. liquefy and decrease secretions
    expectorants
  20. suppress cough reflex
    antitussive
  21. inhibit RNA or DNA decreasing tubercle bacilli replication. Used for pulmonary tuberculosis
    antituberculosis
  22. Cholinergic and Dopamine agonists – increase dopamine activity. Used as a treatment in Parkinson’s.
    antiparkinsons
  23. Alkylating/Antimetabolites/Antibiotic/Hormonal/Miscellaneous – cross-link strands of DNA, inhibit DNA and RNA synthesis, and change hormonal environment. Used to treat leukemia, Hodgkin’s disease, lymphoma and other tumors.
    antineoplastic
  24. inhibit growth and replication of bacteria. Used as treatment in bacterial, rickettsial, and spirochete infections.
    antiinfective
  25. reduces cardiac output, blood pressure, heart rate by relaxing smooth muscles and/or vasodilation. Used for hypertension, heart failure, angina and dysrhythmias.
    antihypertensive
  26. ACE inhibitors/B-Adrenergic blockers/Calcium channel blockers/diuretics/vasodilators
    antihypertensive
  27. Used for allergies, rhinitis, and pruritus.
    antihistamines
  28. decreases conduction through the AV node; prolongs refractory period at the AV node; and decreases heart rate. Used for tachycardia, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and angina.
    Antidysrhythmics
  29. decrease GI peristalsis; prevent GI hypermotility; and decrease water content in stools.
    Antidiarrheals
  30. used for type 2 DM
    oral antidiabetic
  31. agents used to combat depression.
    antidepressant
  32. used to prevent, treat, or control seizures.
    anticonvulsant
  33. Used to prevent clot formation in deep-vein thrombosis, pulmonary emboli, myocardial infarction, agranulocytosis, leucopenia, eosinophilia, and thrombocytopenia.
    anticoagulant
  34. Used for decreasing motility in the GI, biliary and urinary tracts; gastric secretions; involuntary movements; bradydysrhythmias; and nausea and vomiting.
    anticholinergic
  35. route of injection that is slow
    intradermal
  36. injection into the hearts ventricles
    intraventricular
  37. injection into the capsule of a joint
    intracapsular
  38. if skin is wet use:
    cream
  39. if skin is dry use:
    ointment
  40. rate of intramuscular absorption
    fairly rapid
  41. most common sublingual tablet
    nitroglycerin
  42. very fast acting route of absorption
    inhalation
  43. 2-5 inch needle used for
    intraarticular injection
  44. 5 inch needle used for
    intraosseous/intraspinal
  45. 3/8in - 1-1 1/2 in needle used for
    standard injections
  46. patch is an example of ____ route :
    transdermal
  47. route of injection used for analgesic admin. for chronic intractable pain
    epidural
  48. initial action if poisoning is suspected
    contact local poison control
  49. ipecac is known for what function
    inducing vomiting
  50. ingestion of corrosive substances hinders what effect if vomiting is induced
    tissue damage
  51. ingestion of convulsants hinder what effect if vomiting induced
    percipitate seizures
  52. what happens if vomiting is induced with people with cardiac disease
    bp increase=stroke/arythmias
  53. antidote for CNS dpressant poisoning
    • CPR
    • naloxone
    • flumazenil
  54. minimizes systemic absorption of ingested poison
    activated charcoal
  55. skin or eye poisoning should be handled how
    • skin flush=20 mns
    • eye flush= 30 mins
  56. how is the need for vitamin dificiency diagnosed
    blood test
  57. when should megadoses be taken
    under direct supervision of physician
  58. fat soluble vitamins?
    A,D,E,K
  59. also known as beta carotene (processed from beta carotene plants)
    vitamin A
  60. yellow orange/dark green leafy veg
    fruits
    oily salt water fish
    dairy products
    eggs
    are all sources for?
    vitamin A
  61. beta carotene is also known as an
    antioxidant
  62. needed for:
    1. resistance to infection
    2. night visual function
    3. normal growth of bones/soft tissue
    4. healing of wounds
    5. possible reproduction connection
    vitamin A
  63. vitamin used as a screening fat absorption test
    A
  64. leading cause of blindness in children worldwide
    vitamin A deficiency
  65. symptoms of vitamin A overdose
    • brittle nail
    • stunted growth
    • joint pain
    • myalgia
    • psychiatric symptoms
  66. necessary for maintenance of normal nerves and muscles
    vitamin d
  67. necessary for regulating absorption and metabolism of calcium adn phosphorus for healthy bones and teeth
    vit. D
  68. low vitamin d is associated with
    • CAD
    • HF
    • Stroke
    • high BP
    • diabetes
  69. deficiency:
    poor tooth adn bone
    skeletal deformaties
    osteoporosis/malacia
    tetany (muscle spasm)
    vitmain D
  70. IA w/

    Digoxin
    Thiazide diuretic
    mineral oil
    vitamin D
  71. -necessary for metabolism
    -eye, skin, liver, breast, muscle, lung protection
    -RBC protection
    -decrease platelet clumping
    vitamin E
  72. vitamin found in wheat germ, seeds, nuts, poultry,
    vitamin E
  73. vitamin deficiency:
    -alcohol abuse
    -malabsorption
    -sickle cell anemia
    -premature infants
    vitamin e
  74. vitamin overdose results in prolong clotting time
    vitamin E
  75. necessary for blood clotting
    vitamin k
  76. vitamin absorbed in the small intestines
    vitamin K
  77. vitamin deficiency signs:
    -petichiae/bruising
    - hematuria
    -melena
    -increased clotting time
    vitmain k
  78. antidote for coumadin therapy bleeding complication
    vitamin k
  79. administration of vit. k
    • oral
    • IV
  80. retinal, retinol, beta carotene
    vitamin A
  81. calciferol, cholecalciferol, ergocalciferol
    vitamin D
  82. tocopherol
    vitamin E
  83. phytonadione
    vitamin K
  84. water souluble vitamins
    • Vitamin C
    • B complex vitamins
  85. necessary for normal nervous adn cardiovascular function
    vitamin B1
  86. thiamine
    B1
  87. signs of deficiency:

    -ataxia
    -reflex loss
    -mental depression
    -muscle weakness
    vitmain B1
  88. riboflavin
    B2
  89. -functions to regulate hormones and RBC's
    - cell growth adn metabolism of carbs, protein, fat
    vitmain b2
  90. pyridoxine
    b6
  91. metabolizes carbs, fats, protein and amino acids
    b6
  92. vitamin deficiency due to

    -isoniazid
    -antitub drug
    oral contracept
    cirrhosis
    b6
  93. abscence of vitmain ____ leads to pernicious anemia
    b12
  94. necessary for maturation of red blood cells and nervous system maintenance
    b12
  95. necessary for

    -protein synthesis
    -RBC production
    -cell division
    -growth and maintenance of cells
    folic acid
  96. folate
    folic acid
  97. deficiency:
    neural tueb defect
    spina bifida
    megoblastic anemia
    folic acid
  98. necessary for
    -lipid metabolism
    -nerve functioning
    -circulation & maintenance of cells
    niacin
  99. used primarily to treat pellegra
    niacin

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