Meteorology Pt. 2

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mglicc
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83720
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Meteorology Pt. 2
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2011-05-05 08:17:29
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Meteorology packets from climate onwards 9th grade earth science Mr Colon Matt Glickman
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several of the meteorology packets for Mr. Colon's 9th Grade Earth Science Class
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  1. Regional Long term variations in Temperature and Moisture of an area is called ___________.
    CLIMATE
  2. Hypothetically, as the angle of the earth's tilt decreases, the temperature difference between seasons ___creases.
    DEcreases
  3. How can one determine the latitude of the Arctic Circle?
    by subtracting the angle of Earth's tilt (23.5 degrees) from 90 degrees.
  4. If Earth's tilt were more than 23.5 degrees, would Earth's climate be less or more extreme?
    MORE extreme
  5. As latitude increases, temperature and moisture ___crease.
    DEcrease.
  6. As cloud cover increases, what happens to temperature and precipitation?
    temperature DECREASES and precipitation INCREASES.
  7. What are the three Global Wind Belts?
    The Hadley Cell, The Ferrel Cell, and the Polar Cell.
  8. On mountains where the prevailing winds come from the water, the ____________ side is more moist than the ______________ side.

    A) windward, leeward
    B) eastern, western
    C) western, eastern
    D) leeward, windward
    A) windward, leeward
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. When air rises, what must happen for it to turn into clouds?
    It must reach its DEW POINT.
  10. The windward side of a mountain has _______ vegetation than the leeward side.
    MORE
  11. The ______ward side of a mountain has higher temperatures than the _______ward side.
    LEEward, WINDward
  12. On which side of a mountain does evaporation occur?
    The LEEWARD SIDE.
  13. On which side of a mountain does precipitation occur?
    The WINDWARD SIDE
  14. On which side of a mountain does condensation occur?
    The WINDWARD SIDE.
  15. What does vegetation do to temperatures?
    It COOLS temperatures.
  16. What is it called when mountain ranges force air to rise over them?
    ORTHOGRAPHIC LIFTING / RAIN SHADOW
  17. How does vegetation cool temperatures?
    By absorbing and blocking insolation.
  18. By what process does vegetation increase humidity?
    TRANSPIRATION
  19. Rain shadow leads to deserts on the _______ward side of mountains.
    LEEward
  20. ______er water sinks, and ______er water rises
    COLDer, WARMer
  21. As salinity increases, density ___creases
    INcreases
  22. ______ salty water is denser and sinks, while ______ salty water is less denser and rises.

    A) more, less
    B) less, more
    C) chemically, physically
    D) physically, chemically
    A) more, less
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Why is England much warmer than parts of Canada which have the same latitude?
    Because the North Atlantic current considerably moderates its climate.
  24. What are the two different types of currents?
    WARM currents, and COLD currents.
  25. Cities with in 5-10 miles of a large body of water have ________ moderate climates.

    A) more
    B) less
    A) more
  26. How does water cool the air temperature in the summer?
    By ABSORBING heat.
  27. How does the heat that water absorbs in the summer moderate/warm the winter in a maritime climate?
    It moderates the winter temperatures by RELEASING the heat it absorbed in the summer, warming the air temperatures.
  28. Why do maritime climates have warmer winters and cooler summers?
    Because water ABSORBS heat during the summer, COOLING the air temperatures around it, and RELEASES that heat during the winter, WARMING the air temperatures.
  29. Why does water only absorb heat in the summer and only release it in the winter?
    Water only absorbs heat in the summer, because in the winter, there is no heat to absorb. On the contrary, water only releases heat in winter because in summer, the air is too saturated with heat and cannot absorb any more, therefore water must absorb it then.
  30. Evaporation by plants is called ______________.
    TRANSPIRATION.
  31. What occurs when clouds are over-saturated?
    PRECIPITATION.
  32. All the water stored on earth as solid ice is in the ______________.
    CRYOSPHERE
  33. What are the two options water has of doing when it goes downhill?
    INFILTRATION, and RUNOFF.
  34. What is it called when water seeps into the ground?
    INFILTRATION
  35. What two factors determine infiltration rate?
    SEDIMENT SIZE, and SEDIMENT SHAPE
  36. As sediment size increases, the space between sediments ___creases.
    INcreases
  37. The rounder the sediments, the _____ infiltration.

    A) more
    B) less
    A) more
  38. What is the amount of pore space there is between sediments called?
    POROSITY.
  39. Spaces between sediments are called ______.
    PORES
  40. The ability of water to pass through different channels to get to the pore space is called ______________.
    PERMIABILITY
  41. What type of soil has good infiltration and is good for ground water?
    SANDY soil
  42. The larger the sediments, the ______er the infiltration.

    A) higher
    B) lower
    A) higher
  43. As porosity and permiability increase, infiltration ____creases.
    INcreases
  44. The ____er the infiltration rate, the longer it takes for water to pass through pore spaces.
    SLOWer
  45. What is the term for water passing through soil?
    PERCULATION
  46. The deeper the soil, the _____ ground water
    MORE
  47. Zones of saturation in between the bedrock layers are called ____________.
    AQUIFIERS.
  48. What happens to the water table when a well uses water faster than the rain comes?
    The water table SINKS.
  49. The steeper the slope, the ______ runoff.

    A) more
    B) less
    A) more
  50. The flatter the slope, the _____ infiltration

    A) more
    B) less
    A) more
  51. As a general rule, the _____er the ground, the more infiltration.

    A) wetter
    B) dryer
    B) dryer
  52. What is one exception to the rule that dryer ground is better for infiltration?
    DESERT SOILS
  53. What makes deserts bad for infiltration?
    The baked clay-rich soil there that forms an inpermiable layer.
  54. Frozen ground is _____ for runoff but ______ for infiltration.

    A) bad, good
    B) good, bad
    B) good, bad
  55. The more saturated the soil, the _____ runoff.

    A) more
    B) less
    A) more
  56. Why does infiltration decrease when soil is saturated?
    Because the pores cannot hold anymore water.
  57. Water logged soil that is protected from evaporation is called _________________.
    GROUND WATER
  58. What is the term for the top of a zone of saturation?
    a WATER TABLE
  59. The natural force of ocean water intruding into ground water is called ______________________.
    SALTWATER INTRUSION
  60. What is the term for the attractive force that makes water move up soil against gravity?
    CAPILLARITY
  61. Soils composed of a mixture of sands, silts and clays are called _________.
    LOAMS
  62. As sediment size decreases, capillarity ____creases.
    INcreases

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