Social Studies

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  1. Legalism
    • -School of law
    • -Hanfeizi a scholar created it
    • -taught that humans were naturally evil
    • -believed harsh laws and stiff punishment was needed to force people to do their duty.
    • -Favored force and power in rulers
  2. Huang He
    Also known as the Yellow River, flows across China for more than 2,900 miles.
  3. “China’s Sorrow”
    When the Huang He river flooded many people drowned and many homes were destroyed.
  4. Chang Jiang
    • Also known as the Yangtze River, flows across China
    • for about 3,400 miles.
  5. Xia
    China’s first rulers, little is known about them.
  6. Shang
    Ruled after the Xia, from about 1750 B.C. to 1122 B.C.

    •religion and government were closely linked

    • • Kings believed gods, spirits, and ancestors gave
    • them power and wisdom
  7. Anyang
    Shang may have built first China city = 1st capital
  8. aristocrats
    • upper class, under
    • the king, were the warlords and other royal officials
    • aristocrats
  9. oracle
    • sacred shrine where the god(dess) are consulted
    • oracle bone = ox scapula or tortoiseshell
  10. pictograph
    a graphical representation that show numerical information by using picture symbols
  11. ideographs
    when a single marking or a collection of pictographs are joined to represent an idea or entire word
  12. Wu Wang
    • a new dynasty - Zhou (JOH) which ruled the longest
    • in Chinese history
  13. bureaucracy
    appointed officials who are responsible for different areas of government
  14. mandate
    formal order - Mandate of Heaven the king was chosen by heavenly order - therefore, he would rule with goodness and wisdom
  15. Social Class
    • share similar society position
    • •landowners
    • •peasant farmers
    • •merchants
  16. filial piety
    • children had to respect their parents and older relatives and take care of them
    • •son should continue family lineage
    • •if a wife doesn’t have a son, the man takes a
    • secondwife
    • •dying without a son is one of the worse offenses
    • •woman’s job is to serve in-laws and produce a son
  17. Confucianism
    • • wantedto end problems with social loyalty and obedience
    • •wanted to bring peace to society
    • •People should put family and community needs
    • first
    • One of the philosophies of early China
  18. Confucius
    China’s first great thinker/teacher/philosopher
  19. Daoism
    also known as Taoism

    •based on the teachings of Laozi (LOWD•ZOO)

    • Chinese philosophy that promotes a peaceful society

    • • people should give up worldly desires in favor of
    • nature and the Dao
  20. Qin Shihuangdi
    • “The First Qin Emperor”

    • 221 B.C. Qin declared himself ruler

    • made changes in China’s govt. that lasted 2,000 years

    • ruled on the Legalism idea - anyone opposed him was punished or killed

    • he united China

    • began building Great Wall of China to keep Ziongnu (SYEHN•NOO) nomads out
  21. Han Dynasty
    • • 202 B.C. Liu Bang (lee•OO BAHNG) founded
    • Han Dynasty

    •Han Wudi (HAHN WOO•DEE) “Martial Emperor of Han” ruler

    • Civil Service examinations - difficult tests – highest scores chosen for top officials

    •acupuncture - eased pain by sticking needles into patients’ skin

    •invented steel and paper
  22. Silk Road
    • network of trade routes from western China to southwest Asia 4,000 miles

    •began between 200 B.C. and A.D. 100

    •traded high priced goods such as silk, spices, tea, and porcelain
  23. Luoyang
    Han capital that was attacked in A.D. 190 and began a civil war
  24. The Great Wall of China
    •largest defensive barrier ever built by men

    •about 1500 miles long

    •put up to help prevent warring

    •Most famous early wall construction was ordered by Shihuangdi of the Qin dynasty
Card Set:
Social Studies
2011-05-04 20:55:45
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