Approach to instruction

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Approach to instruction
2011-05-04 19:48:34

Approach to instruction
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  1. Cooperative learning
    is an instructional approach that encourages students to work collaboratively, either as partners or in small groups, on clearly defined tasks. Groups are put together heterogeneously (mixed up) are rewarded equally for completed tasks. A derivation of cooperative learning equally for completed tasks. A derivation of cooperative learning is a jigsaw, whereby students are grouped to work on a specific task and then redistrubuted in to other groups where they teach thier new group memebers what they worded on in the first group. Flexible skill groups are small groups which are formed based on specific golas, activities, and needs. They are flexible because kids move in and out.l
  2. Constructivism
    is a framework for instruction based upon the idea that it is improtant for students to discuss, think, and construct new meaning . The idea is that sutdents are nto just passive recievers of information, but rather that they make meaning from tehir experience. Students reflect on tehier expereince an dconstruct and understaning of the woerld based on tehose personal experience. Teachers use this approach when they make learing active, concrete, and important in their studnets lives.
  3. direct instruciton
    is teacher centered instruction. it is task-oriented and asks studenst ot learn content and skills through lecture, explicit teaching, direction, and studen accountatbilitiy in a safe and controlled enviorment
  4. indirect insturciton
    is another kind of teaching. here the teacher use brief, on teh spot mini lessons as they respond to students question or assist students who need specific help. Mini-lessons are associate dwith both direct and indirect instruction.
  5. Discovery learning
    is an effort to get studnets to thing for themselves and to poromote higher level thinkin gby askin gquestion and creatin gactivities that promote the discovery of informtion a teafher want t he studnet to understand. Example- to encourage students to learn about secondary color teach might ask ?s and then give kids primary colors and the directions to mix those colors however they want and not observations.
  6. experiential elarning
    is learning from direct experience . it is handson learning by doing. studenst do this when they go on field trips, participate in role play
  7. "i" message
    wheneve a teach can , she should use "I" message ("i wasnt sure what you were saying here." instead of unclear. The "i" type of message make the student less defensive and more reflective on his or her work.
  8. independent study
    included activities wehre studenst work by themselves to understand material. this may include journal, learning logs, assigned question. independet studey encourages independence , responsibiitly , autonomy, and metacognition.
  9. interactiv instrution
    relies heavily on discussion and sharing amoung participatat. Discussion and shiring provide learniers with opprtunitis to not only interact with teh teachers ideas but also to devise a varity of approachers that differ form those of toehre students in the class. Thus learning from peers to develop social skills and abilities, to orgazine thoughts and develop arguments.
  10. learning centers
    are mulitlevel stations wehre activities designed for specific instructional purposes provide reinforcement , independent procatice and discovery. (in kinder this includes blocks, preten thouse, art ect.)
  11. Problem based leraing
    gives students open ended and challenging problems that require investigation, collaboration and solution. problem based learning allows students to generate solutions in a collaborative venue.
  12. Mastery learning
    is benjamin bloom's idea that all children can learn when provided with the appropriate learning conditions in the classroom. they may not all learn at the same rate, but they can all succeed when the information is broken down into sequences. In thei approach, children do not advnce unitl they have mastered the level of understanding with which they are presented.
  13. Reteach
    is used when students don't get it the first time aroun dhte teacher must consider learning stlyes, mutlipe intelegence, small group instruction, cooperative learning, inclass wiritng , and toher methods to fullfill learning goals.
  14. Student centered classroom
    posits that students are best served ina student centered classroom rather than in a techer centered classroom. in teh is setting theachers function as coaches rather than leaders, and they encourage students in a variaty of ways.
  15. Think pair share
    meant think about your answer (individually) turn to your partner and talk about what you think, and then share with the larger group what you think about the issue or topic.