Word recognigtion

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Author:
stahlnlady
ID:
83831
Filename:
Word recognigtion
Updated:
2011-05-04 20:28:45
Tags:
Praxis
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Description:
teaching word recognition and languag acquitions
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  1. Affixes
    are attecment to the end or beginning of the roots of words. Prefix: at the Beginning of word. Suffix- at the end of word
  2. antonyms
    words with opposite meaning
  3. decoding
    is teh process students use to sound out written words they do not recognize. for instance if hike isnt immediiatley recognized the studnet may identigy the hosue h, the k sound the long vowel i and then blend these sound together.
  4. digraphs
    are thwo letters that representon speech sound, sh, ch, ng
  5. diphthongs
    are two vowel combinations where both vowels are heard, but nto quite makin gthier usal sounds because of the blending for instance ou in doubt.
  6. Homographs
    are words that are spelled alike but having different meaning.
  7. idioms
    are words that are particular to a specifc languag. chill out
  8. intial blends
    are when two or more consonant sounds are joined, such as tr in track or the joining of the first cononant and volwel sounds in a word.
  9. Lexeme
    refers to a wird unit that corresponds to a set of forms thake by a single word. for example the lesem swim has a present for (swims) past (swam) participle form (swimming).
  10. morphemes
    are teh smallest meaningful units in the language, word parts that can change the meaning of a word. a morpheme cna't necessarily stand alone as a word. for instance, the word untreatable has three morphemes: un, treat, and able.
  11. phonemes
    are sound untis of speech that are the compnent parts of spoken language. They are the smallest units of sound that can change the meaningsof spoken words. phonemic awarensess means teaching studenst aht words are made up of sounds . recognizing that sounds combine to create words, understanding rhymes, and seeing that words can be broken into syllables all indicate phonemic awareness.
  12. phonogram
    refers to a succession of letters representing teh same phonological unit in different words, such as ed in led, red and bed
  13. phonological systems
    are important in both oral ans written language. there ar e 26 letters asnd 44 sounds and may wasy to combine the leters to spell these sounds. sounds are called phonemes,. when these letters combinbation are represent in preint, they are called graphemes.
  14. phonics
    is a way of teaching reading and speling that streses basic symbol sounds realtionships as a way to decode words in beginning instruction. phincs lets us know that there is a connection between sounds (phonemes) and letters (graphemes) . it is said that systematic and explicit instruction in phonis improves word recognition, spelling , and reading comprehesion. phonics helps when it comes to breaking doewn words into sounds so that students can see how sounds form into words.
  15. syllabication
    is the division of words into syllables
  16. syntactic system
    is teh structural, or grammatical, organization of english that refulates how words are combined into sentences. many of the cpaitalization and punctuation rules that elementary students learn in forming simple, compound, and complex sentneces reflect the syntactic system of language.

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