biology final

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. What is physiology
    function of the body
  2. What are the 11 organ systems in the body
    Circulatory, digestive, endocrine, immune, integumentary, musclar, nervous, reproductive, respritory, skeletal, urinary.
  3. circulatory
    • transports gases
    • Heart and blood vessels
  4. digestive
    • breaks down food for energy
    • stomace, liver, galbladder, small intestine
  5. endocrine
    • regulate hormones in the body
    • pancreas, testes, ovaries...
  6. immune
    • fights off infection
    • bone marrow, thymus gland, spleen, lymph nodes
  7. integumentary
    • pritection
    • skin
  8. muscular
    • body movement
    • muscle
  9. nervous
    • controls everything
    • spinal cord. nerves, brain
  10. reproductive
    • creates new offspring
    • testes & overies
  11. respiratory
    • brings in gases
    • lungs
  12. skeletal
    • structure and protection
    • bones and joints
  13. urinary
    filters blood and expells waste
  14. What is the function of the skin
    protection, temp. regulation, excreation, synthesis
  15. 3 levels of skin from superficial to deep
    Epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
  16. what 3 tissues make up the skin
    • muscle tissue
    • nervous tissue
    • Epithelial tissue
  17. What protein makes up the epidermis and hair
    Horny Protein
  18. What is the function of a seabaceous gland
    produces sebum
  19. what is the function of a sweat gland
    Temp. Control
  20. What is the Aveoli
    Air sack in lings where gas exchange happens
  21. Humans have _____lungs?
    2 lings with 2 lobes on the left and 3 on the right
  22. What is a open circulatory system
    blood not contained in vessels
  23. Arteries, veins, and capillaries do what?
    • Arteries carry blood away from heart.
    • Veins carry blood to heart
    • Capillaries connect arteries to veins
  24. Which layer of the hair containes the pigment that gives it it's color
  25. 3 different type of skeletal systems in animals
    • hydraulic- no bones (worms)
    • Exoskeleton- skeleton on outside (crabs)
    • endoskeleton- skeleton on inside (humans)
  26. Bone tissue
    form skeletal framework
  27. cartilage
    padding for joints; main structure for aquatic animals (sharks)
  28. Tendons
    attach muscle to bone
  29. Ligament
    connect bone to bone
  30. 3 types of bone cells
    • osteoblast- builder
    • osteocytes- trapped
    • osteoclast- heal
  31. What is in spongy bone
    Bone marrow (creates red blood cells)
  32. 3 types of muscle tissue
    • skeletal- attaches to bone
    • cardio- only in the heart
    • smooth muscle- hollow organs
  33. difference between voluntary and involuntary muscle
    • Voluntary- all skeletal muscle
    • involuntary- heart and organs
Card Set
biology final
Show Answers