Psych Chpt 9

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Psych Chpt 9
2011-05-04 23:52:27

Exam 2: stress
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  1. part of the coping process that involves making decisions about whether a stimulus is stressful, benign, or irrelavant
    primary appraisal
  2. part of the coping process during which people evaluate their options and choose coping behaviors
    secondary appraisal
  3. coping that occurs before the onset of a future stressor
    anticipatory coping
  4. a type of coping in which people try to prevent having an emotional response to a stressor
    emotion-focused coping
  5. a type of coping in which people take direct steps to confront or minimize a stressor
    problem-focused coping
  6. a cognitive process in which a person focuses on possible good things in his or her current situation, looking for the "silver lining"
    positive reappraisal
  7. comparing oneself to those who are worse off
    help people coping with serious illnes
    downward comparisons
  8. strategy of infusing ordinary events with positive meaning
    ex: diabetes will force you to eat right
    creation of positive events
  9. the ability to adapt to life changes by vieweing events constructively
    commitment, challenge, control
  10. a pattern of behavioral and physiological responses to events that match or exceed an organism's ability to respond
  11. an environmental event or stimulus that threatnes an organism
  12. any response an organism makes to escape from or minimize an aversive stimulus
    coping response
  13. type of stress that is the stress of positive events
  14. the stress of negative events
    distress (duress)
  15. the biological system responsible for stress response
    Hypothalamic-Pituatary-adrenal axis (HPA)
  16. the physiological preparedness in animals to deal with danger
    directs all energy to dealing with threat
    fight-or-flight response
  17. females' tendency to prootect and care for their offspring and form social alliances rather than flee or fight in response to threat
    tend and befriend response
  18. a horomoe that is important for mothers in bodning to newborns
    produced in hypothalamus
    high during socially stressful situations
  19. specialized white blood cells known as B cells, T cells and natural killer cells that make up the immune system
  20. includes bloated adrenal glands, damaged lymphatic structure and stomach ulcers
    reduce organimss's ability to resist additional stressors
    non-specific stress response
  21. 3 stages: alarm, resistance, exhaustion
    general adaptation syndrome
  22. when people are continually stressed they are unable to return to bodily states that characterize normal stress levels
    allostatic load theory of illnes