The lower federal courts, those beneath the supreme court
A legal proceeding in which the appellant resorts to a higher court for the purpose of obtaining a review of a lower court decision and a reversal of the lower court's judgment or the granting of a new trail
The authority of a court to hear (to try and to decide) a case
The right, power, or authority to administer justice by hearing and determining controversies
Powerof the federal courts alone to hear certain cases
Power shared by federal and state courts to hear certain cases
In civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal action against another (the defendant) in court
In a civil suit, the person against whom a court action is brought by the plaintiff; in a criminal case, the person charged with the crime
A criminal case, in the federal courts, is one in which a defendant is tried for committing some action that congress has declared by law to be a federal crime
A case involving a noncriminal matter, such as a contract dispute or a claim of patent infringement.
A court's list of cases to be heard
Writ of certiorari
An order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up the record in a given case for review; from the latin meaning "to be more certain"