The Five Pillars of Islam (Arabic arkan ud-Din, "pillars of the faith") are five religious duties expected of every Muslim. The five pillars are mentioned individually throughout the Qur'an and Muhammad listed them together in the Hadith when he was asked to define Islam.
- 1. Daily confession of faith (shahada)
- 2. Daily ritual prayer (salat)
- 3. Paying the alms tax (zakat)
- 4. Fasting [going without food or drink] during the month of Ramadan (sawm)
- 5. Pilgrimmage to Mecca (hajj)