COM457Vocab

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vikikitty
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83990
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COM457Vocab
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2011-05-05 13:54:32
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COMVOCAB
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Vocabulary List
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  1. Acculturation
    An immigrant's learning and adopting the norms and values of the new host culture.
  2. Anomia
    Actual or perceived social isolation that is associated with anxiety or uncertainty.
  3. Assimilation
    An immigrant's giving up the original culture identity and moving into full participation in the new culture.
  4. Avoidance Behavior
    Aversion to being with someone from another culture; the opposite of receptivity.
  5. Belief System
    The cognitive structure of attitudes, beliefs, values, and world view as they collectively influence one's speech and actions.
  6. Biculturalism
    Ability to fuction in two cultures.
  7. Cognitive complexity
    A communication theory dealing with one's ability to accurately perceive another person and to adapt communication appropriately.
  8. Collectivism
    Cultual theory indicating a culture's emphasis on group and collectives as an organizating principle to explain cultural behavior.
  9. Communication apprehension
    Uncertainty about communication, usually resulting in withdrawl, shyness, reticence, or high anxiety about communication with another person, in a group, in a meeting, or in a public setting.
  10. Communication ritual
    A set of form of systematic interactions that takes place on a regular basis.
  11. Complexity
    When innocations are perceived to be too difficult to understand or use, they are said to have high complexity. This condition usually results in lower adoption rates in a culture.
  12. Coping behavior
    When people exhibit actions and attitudes demostrating their willingness to communicate effectively or adapt to the situation.
  13. Cosmopolitanism
    Degree of one's orientation outside one's culture, as in how much a person might seek information from other's outside their own culture.
  14. Cross-cultural communication
    Comparison of cultural phenomena in different cultures.
  15. Cultural change
    Often refers to the rate of adaptability or stability of an entire culture.
  16. Cultural elements
    Factors that make up cultual systems; the specific factors within a cultural system that are parts making the entire culture.
  17. Cultural history
    The background of a culture, usually including its origins, territory, and variations in its changes over period of time.
  18. Cultural identity
    A sense of a person as part of a group or culture that usually implies a variable sense of worth and competence.
  19. Cultural pluralism
    Multiculturalism; the notion of many subcultures or microcultures existing together in a larger culture.
  20. Cultural stress
    The amount of tension and sometimes conflict experienced in a culture when unusual amounts of change are encountered.
  21. Cultural theories
    Explanations of culture including elements and interrelationships of elements to describe cultural systems.
  22. Cultural variability
    When difference are encountered between people from diverse cultures, variability is said to be present.
  23. Culture shock
    The stress associated with adapting to a new culture or unusual context.
  24. Dialect
    A regional and ethnic variation of a language usually distinguished by pronunciation, vocabulary, and/or grammer.
  25. Dissonance
    Conflict between two cognitive elements within a person; that is the internal conflict one feels when two beliefs or perceptions of actions are perceived to be in conflict.
  26. Dogmatism
    Degree of rigidity; lack of openness in communication because of rigid boundaries of belief or practice and custom in a culture.
  27. Dual-culture marriage:
    Marriage between individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds, sometimes called intercultural marriage.
  28. Emic
    Knowledge learned from the inside, that is, the norms of culture knwon by its members.
  29. Empathy
    In cultural terms, the behaviro demonstrating understanding, openness, and engagement with a person or group from a culture different from one's own.
  30. Endogamy
    The cultural practice of marriage inside one's significant social unit, such as one's tribe, clan, village, ethnic group, culture, or nation.
  31. Etic
    Knowledge learned by an outsider; that is, theoretical information about a culture developed by a researcher not a member of the culture.
  32. Ethics
    In cultural terms, the judgment of standards of behavior that is considered right and moral in the culture.
  33. Ethnocentrism
    The cultural attitude that one's culture or group is superior to another person's culuture or group.
  34. Exogamy
    The cultural practice of marriage outside of one's significant social unit.
  35. Familism
    Sense of putting family ahead of individual needs or wants.
  36. Functionalism
    A cultural theory dealing with the "needs" expressed by a culture that help explain why that culutre has developed its customs, rules, values, etc
  37. Guilt cultures
    Cultures that emphasize individual blame and personal responsibility for difficulty or failure.
  38. Hate Crime
    Crime that grows out of a fear of difference and results in hostility towards those who are perceibed as different because of race, religion, gender, or sexual orientation.
  39. Individualism

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