Endocrine Disorders

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Author:
emt-shawn
ID:
84003
Filename:
Endocrine Disorders
Updated:
2011-05-05 15:25:46
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Anatomy
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Description:
Chapter 18,p.644
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  1. Addison disease
    Condition caused by hyposecretion of glucocorticoids and mineralcorticoids; charcterized by an inability to moblize energy reserves and maintain normal blood glucose levels.
  2. Cretinism
    Congential Hypothyroidism: A condition caused by hypothyroidism at birth or in infancy; marked by inadequate skeletal and nerous system development: and a metabolic rate as much as 40 percent below normal levels.
  3. Cushing disease
    Condition caused by the hypersecretion of glucocorticoids; characterized by the excessive breakdown and relocation of lipid reserves and proteins
  4. Diabetes insipidus
    A disorder that develops when the neurohypophysis no longer releases adequate amounts of ADH, or when the kidneys cannot respond to ADH.
  5. Diabetes mellitus
    A disorder that damages many organs systems; charcterized by blood glucose concentrations high enough to overwhelm the kidneys' reabsorbtion capabilites.
  6. Diabetic retinopathy, nephopathy, neutopathy
    Disorders of the retina, kidneys and peripheral nerves, related to diabetes mellitus: the conditions most often afflict middle-aged or older diabetics.
  7. General adaptation syndrome (GAS)
    The pattern of hormonal and physiological adjustments with which the body responds to all forms of stress
  8. glycouria
    presence of glucose in urine.

    sometimes indicates onset of diabetes mellitus
  9. Goiter
    Enlargement of the thyroid gland

    can be due to hypo/hyperthyroidism
  10. hyperglycemia
    Abnormally high blood glucose levels
  11. Hypocalcemic tetany
    Muscle spasms affecting the face and upper extremities; caused by low Ca2+ concentrations in body fliuds
  12. Myxedema
    Condition caused by servere hyposecretion of thyroid hormone; characterized by subcutanous swelling, hair loss, dry skin, low body temperture, muscle weakness, and slowed reflexes
  13. Polyuria
    Excess urine output

    possible sign of diabetes
  14. Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
    A condition characterized by depression, lethargy, an inablity to concentrate, and altered sleep and eating habits; linked to elevated melatonin levels in individuals exposed to only short periods of daylight.
  15. Thyrotoxicosis
    A condition caused by the oversecretion of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism). Signs and symptoms include increases in metabolic rate, blood pressure, and heart rate; excitbility and emotional instability and lowerd energy reserves.
  16. Insulin-dependent diabetes/ type 1 diabetes/ juvenille onset diabetes
    A type of diabetes mellitus; the primary cause is inadequate insulin production by the beta cells of the pancreatic islets
  17. Non-insulin dependent diabetes/ type 2 diabetes/ maturity- onset diabetes
    A type of diabetes mellitus in which insulin levels are normal or elevated, but not peripheral tissues no longer respond normally.

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