Endocrine disorders 2

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Author:
emt-shawn
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84008
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Endocrine disorders 2
Updated:
2011-05-05 17:28:46
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Anatomy
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Chapter 18, p.639
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  1. Growth Hormone Disorders
    • Underproduction or Tissue Insensitivity: Pitutary Growth failure
    • S/S: Retaded growthm abnormal fat distebution, low blood glucoe hours after a meal
    • Overproduction or Tissue Hypersensitivty: Gigantism, Acromegaly
    • S/S: Excessive growth
  2. Antidiuretic Hormone/Arginine Vasopressin disorders
    • Underproduction or Tissue Insensitivity: Diabetes insipidus
    • S/S: Polyuria, dehydration, hyperdipsia
    • Overproduction or Tissue Hypersensitivty: SIADH( syndrome of inapproprate ADH secretion)
    • S/S: Increased body weight and water content
  3. Thyroid Hormone disorders
    • Underproduction or Tissue Insensitivity:Myxedema, Cretinism
    • S/S: Low metabolic rate; low body temperature; impaired physical and mental development
    • Overproduction or Tissue Hypersensitivty: Hyperthyroidism, Graves diease
    • S/S: High meabolic rate and body temperature
  4. Parathyroid Hormone disorders
    • Underproduction or Tissue Insensitivity: Hypoparathyroidism
    • S/S: Muscular weaknessm neurological problems, formation of dense bones, tetany due to low blood Ca2+ concentrations
    • Overproduction or Tissue Hypersensitivty: Hyperparathyroidism
    • S/S: Neurological, mental, muscular problems due to high blood Ca2+ concentrations weal and brittle bones
  5. Insulin Hormone disorders
    • Underproduction or Tissue Insensitivity: Diabetes mellitus (type 1)
    • S/S: High blood glucose, impaired glucose utilization, dependence on lipids for energy; glycouria
    • Overproduction or Tissue Hypersensitivty: Excess insulin production or adminstration
    • S/S: Low blood glucose levels, possibly causing coma
  6. Mineralocorticoid Hormone disorders
    • Underproduction or Tissue Insensitivity: Hypoaldosteronism
    • S/S: Polyuria, low blood volume, high blood K+, low blood Na+ concentrations
    • Overproduction or Tissue Hypersensitivty: Aldosteronism
    • S/S: Increased body weight due to Na+ and water retention; low blood K+ concentration
  7. Glucocorticoid Hormone disorders
    • Underproduction or Tissue Insensitivity: Addisons disease
    • S/S: Inability to tolerate stress, moblilize energy reserves, or maintain normal blood glucose concentrations
    • Overproduction or Tissue Hypersensitivity: Cushing disease
    • S/S: Excessive breakdown of tissue proteins and lipid reserves; impaired glucose metabolism
  8. Epinephrine/Norepinephrine Hormone disorders
    • Underproduction or Tissue Insensitivity: None Identified
    • S/S: N/A
    • Overproduction or Tissue Hypersensitivity: Pheochromocytoma
    • S/S: High metabolic rate, body tempeture, heart rate; elevated blood glucose levels
  9. Estrogen Hormone disorders (females)
    • Underproduction or Tissue Insensitivity: Hypogonadism
    • S/S: Sterility, lack of secondary sex characteristics
    • Overproduction or Tissue Hypersensitivity: Adrenogential Syndrome
    • S/S: Overproduction of androgens by zona reticularis of suprarenal cortex leads to
    • masculinization
    • Overproduction or Tissue Hypersensitivity: Precocious puberty
    • S/S: Premature sexual maturation and related behavioral changes
  10. Androgen Hormone disorders (males)
    • Underproduction or Tissue Insensitivity: Hypogonadism
    • S/S: Sterility, lack of secondary sex characteristics
    • Overproduction or Tissue Hypersensitivity: Adrenogenital syndrome (gynecomastia)
    • S/S: Abnormal production of estrogen, sometimes due to surprenal or interstetial cell tumors; leads to breast enlargement
    • Overproduction or Tissue Hypersensitivity: Precocious puberty
    • S/S: Premature sexual maturation and related behavioral changes

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