Substance Abuse

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
84110
Filename:
Substance Abuse
Updated:
2011-05-05 23:16:50
Tags:
substance abuse
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Online class
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  1. The level of risk associated with a psychoactive substance that potentially leads to repeated use and/or dependence.
    Abuse liability
  2. Branch of science that examines how psychoactive substances taken to alter bodily functions or enhance bodily functions interact with the brain and body.
    Pharmacology
  3. Any drug that affects the central nervous system and alters consciousness and/or perception.
    Psychoactive Substance
  4. Physical signs and symptoms of a psychoactive substance.
    Physiological Effects
  5. Alternations in perception and/or judgement caused by a psychoactive substances
    Psychological Effects
  6. Physiological and psychological effects of two or more psychoactive substances that are administered simultaneously
    Chemical Interactions
  7. Signs and symptoms that occur when an individual who is physically dependent upon a psychoactive substance discontinues its use
    Withdrawal
  8. The method of detoxification, stabilization and maintenance that is unique to each client in order to facilitate sobriety
    Treatment Applications
  9. After rpeated administration, a given dose of a psychoactive substance produces a decreased effect or, conversely, when increasingly larger doses must be administrated to obtain the effect observed
    Tolerance
  10. Also known as addiction, a behavioral pattern of compulsive psychoactive substance use characterized by consistent involvement with the use of a psychoactive substance the securing of its supply and a high tendency to relapse after withdrawal
    Dependence
  11. The process of eliminating all psychoactive substances from the individuals body
    Detoxification
  12. A single episode of psychoactive substance self-administration
    Psychoactive Substance Use
  13. The misuse of psychoactive substances usually for recreation or special circumstances
    Psychoactive Substance Abuse
  14. A behavioral pattern of compulsive psychoactive substance use, characterized by overwhelming involvement with the use of a psychoactive substance, the security of its supply and a high tendency to relapse after withdrawal
    Psychoactive Substance Dependence
  15. An altered physiological state produced by the repeated administration of a psychoactive substance that necessitates the continued administration of psychoactive substance to avoid withdrawal
    Physical Dependence
  16. Perception that the effects produced by a psychoactive substance, or the conditions associated with its use, are necessary to maintain an optimal state of well-being
    Psychological Dependence
  17. The so called building blocks of the nervous system that receive information from neurotransmitters
    Neuron
  18. An internal stability and balance that the central and peripheral nervous system work to accomplish
    Homeostasis
  19. Psychoactive substance that have a demonstrated abuse liability and are regulated by the Drug Enforcement Administration
    Controlled Substance
  20. Psychoactive substances specifically invented with a different molecular chemical formula of similar controlled substances to evade law enforcement
    Designer Psychoactive Substances
  21. 1.Orally
    2.Nasally
    3.Intramuscular
    4.Intravenously
    5.Subcutaneous
    6.Topical
    7.Sublingually
    8.Rectally
    Methods of Administration
  22. A series of cells that prevents certain chemicals from reaching the brain
    Blood-Brain Barrier
  23. By products from the liver breaking down a psychoactive substances that can be eliminated from the body
    Metabolites
  24. The process of breaking down a psychoactive substances into metabolites so they may be eliminated from the body
    Metabolism
  25. The amount of time necessary to eliminate one half of the original dosage of a psychoactive substance from the body
    Half-Life
  26. The process of riddling a psychoactive substance from the body by excreting it either through urine, feces, sweat, saliva or breath
    Elimination
  27. When a user consumes move than one psychoactive substance at a time
    Poly-Substance Abuse
  28. Substance that is legally obtained
    Licit Psychoactive Substance
  29. Substance that is illegal to purchase manufacture or sell
    Illicit psychoactive Substanced
  30. The brain and the spinal cord
    Central Nervous System
  31. All the neurons outside of the central nervous system
    Peripheral Nervous System
  32. Part of the nervous system that is responsible for a persons state of arousal
    Reticular Activating System
  33. Part of the central nervous system that is responsible for emotion
    Limbic System
  34. Part of the central nervous system that is responsible for involuntary and fine motor skills
    Basal Ganglia
  35. Part of the limbic system that controls voluntary motor skills and sensory input
    Cerebral Cortex
  36. A type of neurotransmitter that tells a neuron not to send a message to its targeted cells
    Inhibitory
  37. A type of neurotransmitter that tells a neuron to send a message to its targeted cells
    Excitatory
  38. Chemical signals that instruct a neuron to do something
    Neurotransmitter
  39. A secondary system of the autonomic nervous system that, when activated, will decrease breathing, heart rate
    Parasympathetic Nervous System
  40. A secondary system of the autonomic nervous system that, when activated will increase breathing, heart rate, etc.
    Sympathetic Nervous System
  41. A component of the peripheral nervous system that monitors unconscious bodily functions, such as heart rate, breathing and digestion
    Autonomic Nervous System
  42. Part of the limbic system that acts as a liaison between the central nervous system and the autonomic nervous system
    Hypothalamus
  43. The ability of pharmacologically similar psychoactive substances to substitute for one another in relation to tolerance and preventing withdrawal symptoms
    Cross-tolerance

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