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  1. intropsective, educated, middle-class
    three traits of a good patient
  2. physiologically healthy, empathetic, experienced
    traits of a good shrink
  3. hope, a new perspective, empathetic trusting relationship
    three traits all therapy share
  4. eysenck
    believed psychotherapy to be no more effective then no treatment
  5. bergin
    thought psychotherapy was effect, dissagreed with eysenck's opinion on "improvemnt"
  6. smith and glass
    believed therapy to be more useful than no treatment at all
  7. biomedical therapy
    physically changing the brains functioning through drugs, shock, or surgery
  8. psychopharmacology
    the study of drug effects on the brain
  9. antipsychotic drugs
    • repress phycotic behaviors
    • block receptors to prevent the absorbtion of dopamine
    • cause slugishness, tremors, twitches
  10. tardive dyskinsesia
    involuntary movements of the limbs and facial muscles caused by long-term use of antipychotoics
  11. antianxiety drugs
    • help cope with fear
    • behavioralists believe it doesnt resolve the underlying problem
    • can cause psychological and physiological depedence
  12. antidepressants
    • work with seratonin and norepinephrin
    • 41% improved while 31% of placebo improved
  13. dry mouth, weight gain, hypertension, dizziness
    symptoms of antidepressants
  14. electroconvulsive thereapy
    • shock therapy
    • anesthesia and muscle relaxant given then momentary electric current sent through brian
    • very effective as a last resort; used 3 times a week for 2-4 weeks
  15. psychosurgery
    • surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue to try and change behavior
    • irreversable
  16. lobotomy
    • cut the nerves that connect the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the brain
    • to calm violent patients
  17. permanently lethargic, disconect emotions from throughts, imature, impulsive
    results of lobotomy
  18. psychoanalysis
    • bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness
    • resistence and interpretation
    • past; especially childhood
  19. free association
    psychoanalytic method; respond to a word with the first word that comes to mind
  20. latent content
    undrlying meaning of a dream; used in psychotherapy
  21. transference
    patient feels emotions towards analyst that is linked to other relationships
  22. humanistic therapy
    • boost self fulfillment by helping people grow
    • present and future
  23. carl rogers
    • "client" therapy
    • humanist
  24. maslow
    triangle humanist
  25. client centered therapy
    • focuses on self perception
    • humanistic approach
  26. nondirective therapy
    humanist approach; mainly listening and understanding and accepting the client
  27. unconditional possitive regard
    • total acceptance of a person
    • humanistic approach
  28. behavior therapy
    • applies learning techniques to control behavior
    • present
  29. wiens and menustik
    aversive behavioralists
  30. counterconditioning
    conditions new response to stimulus of unwanted behavior
  31. exposure therapy
    behavioralist approach to treat anxiety by gradually facing fears
  32. token economy
    operant conditioning
  33. systematic desensitization
    • type of counterconditioning
    • associates pleasant state with anxiety triggering stimuli
  34. virtual reality exposure
    gradual exposure to fear
  35. aversive conditioning
    • type of counterconditioning
    • associates unpleasant state with bad behavior
  36. cognitive therapy
    • teaches new and adaptive ways of thinking
    • present
  37. aaron beck
    cognitive psychologist; origionally freudian
  38. persuasion, positive thinking excersizes, reverse harmful thinking
    cognitive approaches
  39. self-serving bias
    • when you think possitively, the outcomes will be more possitive
    • cognitive therapy idea
  40. stress inoculation
    training to change the way you think when found in a stressfull situation
  41. cognitive behavior therapy
    combines cognitive and behavioral approaches
  42. family therapy
    • treats the family as a system
    • guides the family to positive relationships and relating to eachother
  43. encounter group
    • people who are functional in life but sad
    • try to relate to one another
    • use role playing
    • t-group
  44. halfway house
    a place for released crimminals to ease their way into society
  45. eclectic
    a variety
  46. psychosomatic
    your thinking has a physical manefestation
  47. dr chorpa
    believes heavily in the mind-body connection
  48. ayorvedic medicine
    healing through the mind
Card Set
test date: may 6
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