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a name given to the Servicemen’s
Readjustment Act, a 1944 law that provided financial and educational benefits
for World War II veterans.
GI Bill of Rights
a residential town or community near a city
President Harry S. Truman’s economic
program—an extension of Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal—which included measures
to increase the minimum wage, to extend social security coverage, and to
provide housing for low-income families.
a major corporation that owns a number of smaller
companies in unrelated businesses.
a business that has bought the right
to use a parent company’s name and methods, thus becoming one of a number of
similar businesses in various locations.
the sharp increase in the U.S.
birthrate following World War II.
a preoccupation with the purchasing of
the designing of products to wear out
or to become outdated quickly, so that people will feel a need to replace their
the means of communication—such as television,
newspapers, and radio—that reach large audiences.
an agency that regulates U.S.
communications industries, including radio and television broadcasting.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
a social and artistic movement of the
1950s, stressing unrestrained literary self-expression and nonconformity with
the mainstream culture.
a form of American popular music that evolved in
the 1950s out of rhythm and blues, country, jazz, gospel, and pop; the American
musical characterized by heavy rhythms and simple melodies which has spread
worldwide having significant impacts on social dancing, clothing fashions, and
expressions of protest
Rock n' Roll
the tearing down and replacing of
buildings in rundown inner-city neighborhoods.
a Mexican laborer allowed to enter the United
States to work for a limited period of time during World War II.
the U.S. government’s plan, announced
in 1953, to give up responsibility for Native American tribes by eliminating
federal economic support, discontinuing the reservation system, and
redistributing tribal lands.
ordered integration of armed forces
Harry S. Truman
southern democrats against civil
developed vaccine against polio and
wrote a book about raising babies.
Dr. Jonas Salk
a policy, developed during the
Kennedy administration, that involved preparing for a variety of military
responses to international crises rather than focusing on the use of nuclear
a concrete wall that separated East Berlin and West
Berlin from 1961 to 1989, built by the Communist East German government to
prevent its citizens from fleeing to the West.
a communication link established in
1963 to allow the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union to contact
each other in times of crisis.
the 1963 treaty in which the United
States and the Soviet Union agreed not to conduct nuclear-weapons tests in the
Limited Test Ban Treaty
President John F. Kennedy’s legislative
program, which included proposals to provide medical care for the elderly, to
rebuild blighted urban areas, to aid education, to bolster the national
defense, to increase international aid, and to expand the space program.
the authority to act that an elected
official receives from the voters who elected him or her.
an agency established in 1961 to
provide volunteer assistance to developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin
a U.S. foreign-aid program of the
1960s, providing economic and technical assistance to Latin American countries.
Alliance for Progress
a group, headed by Chief Justice Earl
Warren, that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy and concluded
that Lee Harvey Oswald was alone responsible for it.
a law, enacted in 1964, that provided
funds for youth programs, antipoverty measures, small-business loans, and job
Economic Opportunity Act
President Lyndon B. Johnson’s program to reduce
poverty and racial injustice and to promote a better quality of life in the
a federal program, established in
1965, that provides hospital insurance and low-cost medical insurance to
Americans aged 65 or older.
a program, established in 1965, that
provides health insurance for people on welfare.
a law that increased the number of
immigrants allowed to settle in the United States.
Immigration Act of 1965
the president of the “Camelot” years
whose vision for progress was called the New Frontier.
John F. Kennedy
the Communist leader of Cuba who openly sought
successor to Kennedy who conducted the
war on poverty and had vision of the Great Society.
Lyndon Baines Johnson
Chief Justice, who led the Warren Court
in the 1960s.