Chapter 13

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twinkle
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84190
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Chapter 13
Updated:
2011-05-06 18:36:11
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Personality Psychology
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George Kelly
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  1. Phenomeonlogist
    • study of intact social consciousness
    • how people think and percieve the world
  2. Existential Theory
    • individual search for meaning and understanding
    • repsonsible for individual behvaior and choices
  3. Humanistic Theory
    People are capable of positive change
  4. People as Scientists
    • try to predict the future, to decrease uncertainty and answering questions
    • serves as motivation
  5. Personal Constructs
    an idea or thought a person uses when contruing personal experience
  6. construct systems
    constructs accumulated over time that is established though trial and error learning
  7. Personality
    collection of constructs that constitute ones construct system at any given time
  8. Constructive alternativism
    • one is free to choose froma number of constructs
    • once you hvae chosen a way to constrye the world, determines the way you percieve the world.
  9. the 11 corollaries
    • Construction corollary
    • inidividuality corollary
    • organization corollary
    • dichotomy corollary
    • choice
    • range
    • experience
    • modulation fragmentation
    • commonality
    • sociality
  10. Construction
    constructs are formed on the basis of predictable events
  11. Individuality
    persons differ from each other in how they view events
  12. Organization
    • personal constructs are hierarchical with some constructs being more comprehensive than others
    • tend to be broader and more all inclusive
  13. Dichotomy
    • a persons construct system is composed of a finite number of dichotomus constructs
    • all constructs have 2 poles
  14. Slot Movements
    • abrupt shifting from the use of one pole of a construct to its opposite
    • typically due to a life changing experience
  15. Choice
    a person can choose to pursue a definition of their construct system or extension of their construct system
  16. defintion
    using a previously effective construct to build a new but similar situation to seek further validation of the construct system
  17. extension
    • apply new constructs to situations which if validated woudl expand ones construct system
    • involved taking a risk
  18. range
    • constructs can be applied to a limited number of events only
    • ex. masculinity vs. feminity
  19. Range of Convenience
    finite range of events for which a particular construct is relevant
  20. focus of convenience
    events for which a construct is most relevant
  21. experience
    a persons construct system changes as his experience with new situations grow
  22. modulation
    the more permeable (or open to experience) a construct is the more variability exists in the construct system
  23. Fragmentation
    experimenting with ones construct system creates the possibility of inconsistent behavior
  24. Commonality
    its not common experience that makes people similar, but the fact that they view their experience in a similar way
  25. role construct
    awareness of another persons expectations
  26. role
    acting in accordance with another persons expectations
  27. CPC Cycle
    • circumspection phase
    • preemption phase
    • control phase
  28. Circumspection phase
    the person consdier several constructs that might be used to interpret the situation
  29. Preemption Phase
    the person chooses a construct that seems the most relevant
  30. Control Phase
    person decided which pole of the dichotomous construct is most relevant
  31. Creativity Phase
    • Loosened construction phase
    • tightened construction phase
    • test phase
  32. Loosened construction phase
    thinking involves loosening the construct system
  33. tightened construction phase
    an idea must be reevaluated
  34. test phase
    idea is tested and if validated, becomes part of the construct system
  35. Motivation
    • synonym for life
    • because we are human beings we are motivated, born motivated
    • pull and push theories
  36. Push Theory
    drive pushes you to act
  37. Pull Theory
    teological theory
  38. Jack ass Theory
    a jack ass does what it wants, regardless of the influence of other people.
  39. Anxiety
    • recognition that events with which one is confronted lie outside the range fo convenience of one's construct system
    • confronted with a situation that you cannot understand
  40. hostility
    the continued effort to exhort validational evidence in favor of a social predicition which has already proven itself a failure
  41. Aggression
    the active elaboration of one's perceptual field
  42. Guilt
    • the perception of ones apparent dislodgement from his core role structure
    • behaving in a way that is not typical or the person
  43. threat
    the awareness of imminent comprehensive change in ones core structures
  44. fear
    results when a peripheral element of one's construct system is invalidated
  45. learning
    changes which occur in ones construct system that enhance predictability
  46. reinforcement
    associated with validation which occurs when a construct is successfully used to anticipate future events
  47. Unconscious
    constrcuts with low cognitive awareness
  48. preverabal construct
    continue to be used while the other tends to be ignored
  49. suspension
    a construct is incompatible with ones current construct system
  50. Psychotherapy
    • Role construct repertory test
    • credulous attitude
    • self characterization
    • fixed role therapy
  51. Role Construct repertory test
    designed to determine what type of construct a person is using to pick out the relevant people in their life
  52. Credulous Attitude
    keep an open mind and believe what the client says about themselves because it shoes how they percieve the world
  53. Self Characterization
    write about self in the 3rd person
  54. fixed role therapy
    client is told to play a role different from who they are where they are forced to try out new constructs for a specific period of time.

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