Modalpartikeln

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Author:
kiryuu
ID:
84252
Filename:
Modalpartikeln
Updated:
2011-05-07 07:10:42
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Modalpartikeln
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Modalpartikeln
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  1. Aber
    • ☺occurs in exclamations
    • ☺expresses surprise
  2. Also
    • ☺occurs in statements, questions, and exclamations
    • ☺usually means 'so'
  3. Denn
    • ☺occurs in questions
    • ☺'softens' questions; creates camaraderie/friendliness
    • ☺expresses surprise or impatience
  4. Doch
    • ☺occurs in statements, exclamations, commands
    • ☺addes emphasis; expresses indignation, surprise, or contradiction
    • reminds hearer of what the speaker thinks the hearer knows
    • ☺used in rhetorical questions
  5. Eben
    • ☺occurs in statements and commands
    • ☺marks something as evident, final, or unchangeable
    • ☺indicates resigned acceptance of a fact
    • ☺action commanded by speaker is only possible outcome
  6. Halt
    • ☺occurs in statements and commands
    • ☺marks something as evident, final, or unchangeable
    • ☺indicates resigned acceptance of a fact
    • ☺action commanded by speaker is only possible outcome
    • ☺a bit softer than eban; occurs in Southern Germany
  7. Ja
    • ☺occurs in statements, commands, and exclamations
    • ☺marks assumption that speaker and hearer share common knowledge, and appeals to hearer for agreement
    • ☺expresses amazement or surprise
    • strengthens a command => more urgent
  8. Mal
    • ☺occurs in statements, questions, suggestions, and commands
    • ☺adds casual feeling or friendliness/camaraderie
    • softens requests or commands => less urgent or forceful
  9. Schon
    • ☺occurs in statements and commands
    • ☺expresses reassurance, hope, or consolation about the future
    • ☺indicates statement is true, but there is something more to consider
    • ☺expresses impatience or urgency in commands
  10. Überhaupt
    • ☺occurs in statements, commands, and questions
    • ☺usually translated as 'in general', 'ever', 'at all'
    • ☺indicates statement is true and doesn't just apply this one time
    • ☺used to question a basic assumption
    • ☺used to question hearer very directly

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