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2011-05-07 00:00:26

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  1. piagets thoughts on infant cognition?
    • Paiget believes that children advances occurred in definitive stages
    • Piagets also believed development was individual
  2. What is the Psychoanlytic theory?
    The psychoanalytic theory emphasizes the need for response care
  3. What stages did freud believe in?
    The oral and anal stage
  4. What is the oral stage?
    The oral stage is created by freud and its the pleasure for the infant and focuses on the mouth
  5. What is the anal stage?
    The anal stage is developed by freud and its when the main pleasure comes from controlling the bowel movements
  6. What theory did Erikson develop?
    Trust and mistrust
  7. What is cognitive theory?
    Its when our thoughts and value determine our perspectives
  8. what are "Working model"
    Infants develop working models which can be called upon later in life which becomes a blue print or prototype and can be reorganized later
  9. what is the ethno theory?
    it is a theory that underlies values and practices of a culture exp-. proximal parenting and distal parenting
  10. Brain developement by age two
    • present and functioning
    • wieghts 75% of its adult weight
  11. What is myelination?
    myelination is a process by which axons become coated with myelin which is a fatty substance that speeds transmission of nerve impulses
  12. Levels of prevention
    • primary
    • secondary
    • tertiary
  13. what is primary prevention?
    Actions that change the overall background conditions to prevent unwanted circumstances
  14. what is secondary prevention?
    action taken to avert harm in a high risk situation
  15. what is tertiary prevention?
    begins after injury has taken place
  16. what does irreversibility mean?
    When a young child thinks nothing can be undone
  17. what does egocentrism mean?
    when a child focuses on the world from their perspective also know as centration
  18. Proximal development
    a term developed by vygotsky is used to describe skills and cognition that a person can perform without assistance
  19. Theory-Theory
    underlying principle that explains the world around them
  20. what is emotional regulation?
    The ability to control when and how our emotions are controlled
  21. what are the 5 kinds of play?
    • solitary play
    • onlooker
    • parallel play
    • associative play
    • cooperative play
  22. What is solitary play?
    when a child plays alone unaware of others
  23. onlooker play
    a child that watches other children play
  24. what is parallel play
    when a child plays with similar toys in similar ways but not together
  25. what is associative play?
    when children by interaction and observe each other
  26. what is cooperative play?
    when children play together
  27. What are authoritative parents?
    sets limits and enforce rules flexible
  28. empathy
    ability to understand others
  29. behavior theory
    when emotions and personality are modeled as parents reinforce or punish a childs behavior
  30. epigenetic theory
    are gene characteristics are influenced from each persons genotype your genetic traits
  31. separation anxiety
    • distress that a child feels when a caregiver leave the
    • common 9-14 mths
  32. proximal parenting
    parenting by physical touch
  33. distal parenting parenting is empasis on talking
    parenting is emphasis on talking
  34. secure attachment
    relationship between a child and caregiver that provides the child with comfort and confidence from the caregivers presence
  35. insecure attachment
    when a child avoids connection to the caregiver
  36. conservation
    when children dont understand shape and volume
  37. vygotsky
    • empahsis on the impact others have on children
    • believes children are observant and curious
    • beilives in social impact
  38. Piaget
    • belives in logical thinking
    • belives in cognition
  39. theory of mind
    • an understanding of of how others think
    • children must realize people are not thinking the same thought
  40. rough and tumble play
    is the most common form of active play it mimic aggression but is not intended to harm
  41. Freuds beliefs
    belives daughter are inlove with fathers and wish to amrry and sons are in love with mothers
  42. social dramatic play
    play when children act out roles