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piagets thoughts on infant cognition?
- Paiget believes that children advances occurred in definitive stages
- Piagets also believed development was individual
What is the Psychoanlytic theory?
The psychoanalytic theory emphasizes the need for response care
What stages did freud believe in?
The oral and anal stage
What is the oral stage?
The oral stage is created by freud and its the pleasure for the infant and focuses on the mouth
What is the anal stage?
The anal stage is developed by freud and its when the main pleasure comes from controlling the bowel movements
What theory did Erikson develop?
Trust and mistrust
What is cognitive theory?
Its when our thoughts and value determine our perspectives
what are "Working model"
Infants develop working models which can be called upon later in life which becomes a blue print or prototype and can be reorganized later
what is the ethno theory?
it is a theory that underlies values and practices of a culture exp-. proximal parenting and distal parenting
Brain developement by age two
- present and functioning
- wieghts 75% of its adult weight
What is myelination?
myelination is a process by which axons become coated with myelin which is a fatty substance that speeds transmission of nerve impulses
Levels of prevention
what is primary prevention?
Actions that change the overall background conditions to prevent unwanted circumstances
what is secondary prevention?
action taken to avert harm in a high risk situation
what is tertiary prevention?
begins after injury has taken place
what does irreversibility mean?
When a young child thinks nothing can be undone
what does egocentrism mean?
when a child focuses on the world from their perspective also know as centration
a term developed by vygotsky is used to describe skills and cognition that a person can perform without assistance
underlying principle that explains the world around them
what is emotional regulation?
The ability to control when and how our emotions are controlled
what are the 5 kinds of play?
- solitary play
- parallel play
- associative play
- cooperative play
What is solitary play?
when a child plays alone unaware of others
a child that watches other children play
what is parallel play
when a child plays with similar toys in similar ways but not together
what is associative play?
when children by interaction and observe each other
what is cooperative play?
when children play together
What are authoritative parents?
sets limits and enforce rules flexible
ability to understand others
when emotions and personality are modeled as parents reinforce or punish a childs behavior
are gene characteristics are influenced from each persons genotype your genetic traits
- distress that a child feels when a caregiver leave the
- common 9-14 mths
parenting by physical touch
distal parenting parenting is empasis on talking
parenting is emphasis on talking
relationship between a child and caregiver that provides the child with comfort and confidence from the caregivers presence
when a child avoids connection to the caregiver
when children dont understand shape and volume
- empahsis on the impact others have on children
- believes children are observant and curious
- beilives in social impact
- belives in logical thinking
- belives in cognition
theory of mind
- an understanding of of how others think
- children must realize people are not thinking the same thought
rough and tumble play
is the most common form of active play it mimic aggression but is not intended to harm
belives daughter are inlove with fathers and wish to amrry and sons are in love with mothers
social dramatic play
play when children act out roles
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