Dermatology

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Author:
mthoma98
ID:
84357
Filename:
Dermatology
Updated:
2011-05-07 10:21:32
Tags:
Dermatology
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Description:
Dermatology
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  1. Apocrine gland inflammation (axilla, groin)
    Hidradenitis suppurativa
  2. Yellow crusted lesion around mouth
    • Impetigo
    • Topical dicloxicillin
  3. Erythematous pustules on face/neck/back
    • Acne vulgaris
    • Topical retinoids, benzoyl peroxide
  4. Facial redness on nose/cheeks, telangiectasias
    • Rosacea
    • Topical metro
  5. Well defined thicked epithelium
    • Warts (HPV)
    • Trichloroacetic acid
  6. Shiny papule with central umbilication
    • Molluscum contagiosum
    • Self-limited - kids and HIV
  7. Small pale macules chest/back, scale when scraped
    • Tinea versicolor (malassezia furfur)
    • OTC antifungal, selenium sulfide
  8. Itchy scaly plaques with central clearing
    • Tinea corporis
    • OTC antifungal
  9. Tinea capitus
    Tx - griseofulvin
  10. Satellite lesions, itchy red plaques on skin creases
    • Intertrigo (candida)
    • Topical antifungal
  11. Severe itching webs of fingers/toes, worse after hot bath
    • Scabies
    • Permethrin cream
  12. Target lesions, hand/soles of feet
    • Erythema multiforme
    • D/C drugs
  13. Cradle cap, plaque with greasy yellow scale, white flaking near eyebrows
    • Seborrheic dermatitis
    • Selenium sulfide
  14. Itchy dry skin on flexor surfaces
    • Eczema (atopic dermatitis)
    • Moisturizer
  15. Red plaques, well-defined, silvery scales, extensor surfaces, remove scale causes bleeding
    • Psoriasis
    • Topical steroids
  16. Oval red papules covered in white scale, herald patch --> christmas tree pattern
    • Pityriasis rosea
    • Self-limited
  17. Erythematous nodules on anterior tibia
    • Erythema nodosum - IBD, TB, sarcoid
    • Self-limited
  18. Pruritic, purple, polygonal papules, flat-topped
    • Lichen planus - HIV, Hep C
    • Steroids
  19. Positive Nikolsky sign, flaccid bullae
    • Pemphigus vulgaris
    • Tx - PO steroids
  20. Negative Nikolsky sign, hard bull
    • Bullous pemphigoid
    • Tx - topical steroids
  21. Chronic blisters on sun-exposed areas, alcoholic/hep-C, facial hair
    • Porphyria cutanea tarda
    • Phlebotomy, hydroxychloroquine
  22. Sand-paper brown scales, precancerous
    • Actinic keratosis
    • Topical 5-FU, biopsy
  23. Ulcerated, keratinized growth
    • Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    • Tx - Moh's excision
  24. Pearly paules, rolled edges
    • Basal cell CA
    • Tx - excision
  25. Hyperpigmentation of malaria region, pregnancy
    • Melasma
    • Hydroquinone
  26. Male-pattern baldness
    • Androgenic alopecia
    • Men: finasteride, women: minoxidil
  27. Complete hair loss
    • Alopecia areata
    • Steroid injection in area of hair loss

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