final review 4.3
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Explain the basic differences between psychotherapy
and the biomedical therapies
Biomedical therapies: uses medicine for the brain chemistry.
Psychotherapy: uses techniques to treat emotional, behavioral and interpersonal problems.
Discuss the basic assumptions and techniques of traditional psychoanalysis.
- Free association- sit there and just talk about anything. (resistance) silent, a sudden change of topic. become very close to revealing something.
- Dream inerpretation-
- Transference- can happen in any psychotherapy, letting emotions out on the therapist.
Gain insight on the unconcious.
Explain how short-term dynamic therapies differ from
traditional psychoanalysis, and describe the assumptions and basic approach of interpersonal therapy.
- Typically time limited
- has specific goals
- involves an active role for therapist.
- Inetpersonal therapy:
- unresolved grief- lost
- role disputes-everday arguements
- role transitions- college students
- interpersonal deficits- lack of skills talking others
Discuss the basic assumptions and goals of behavior therapy, techniques that are based on classical conditioning principles, including systematic
desensitization, the bell and pad treatment, and aversive conditioning.
- focuses on directly changing maladaptive behavior patterns by using basic learning principles and techniques.
- classical conditioning and operant conitioning.
- Goal: eliminate maladaptive behaviors and learn more effective behavior patterns.
- tech. based on classical conditioning
- - counterconditioning: baby peter is just like albert. snacks everyday, brought rabbit closer each day. happy vs fear.
- -bell and pad treatment: bladder problem. wet pad= bell goes off.
- -aversive conditioning: antabuse, need for alcoholic. bitting nails.
Explain the ABC model in Albert Ellis’s rational-emotive therapy (RET), identify common irrational beliefs, and describe the techniques used to produce therapeutic change
- A- activating event
- B-beliefs (only thing you can change)
- C- consequences
- irrational belifs:
- need to be love
- must achieve everything possible to feel good
- bad people should be punished, you should be upset.
- its bad when things dont go your way.
- human unhappiness is externally cause and can't do anything about it.
- easier to avoid than face diffculties.
- need to rely on a stronger person.
- past is important, it should indef. have a similar effect.
- should be upset over other ppl's problem.
Discuss the basic assumptions of Aaron Beck’s
disorted thinking and unrealistic belief.
Summarize the research findings on the effectiveness of psychotherapy.
psychotherapy is significantly more effective than no treatment. they all get to the same goal, but one is way faster.
Explain how antipsychotic medications work
- TYPICAL ANTIPSYCHOTIC
- reduces levels of dopamine.
- good for patients with schizophrenia.
- doesn't cure it.
- doesn't emliminate negative symptoms.
- side effects.
- motor movement.
- ATYPICAL ANTIPSYCHOTICS
- affects breain levels of dopamine and serotonin.
- no motor movement
- treats negative symptoms.
- no relapse.
- abilify (stable dopamine)
Explain how antianxiety medications typically work and note their potential dangers
- benzodiazepines (Valium & Xanax)
- incease the level of GABA
- ( slows down brain activity)
- effective and rapid
- reduce reaction time.
- bad with alcohol.
- Non-benzodiazepines (Buspar)
- dopamine and serotonin levels.
- low addiction
- takes 2-3 weeks to start.
Explain how anti-depressants work and list some of the
potential side effects associated with their use, also what neurotransmitters are affected
effects the serotonin and noraphrine.
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