Nursing 50 Ex 6 Lab Values

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Author:
dparks33
ID:
84410
Filename:
Nursing 50 Ex 6 Lab Values
Updated:
2011-05-07 16:10:57
Tags:
Electrolyte ABG Values
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Description:
All the Values to memorize plus some extras
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  1. How much does 1 liter of water weigh?
    1kg or 2.2 lbs
  2. Serum Osmolality
    280-300Osm/kg
  3. Hematocrit
    • Males: 42-52%
    • Females: 37-48%
  4. Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
    8-25mg/dL
  5. Urine Osmolality Range
    • 50-1400mOsm/kg
    • avg 500-800
  6. Urine Specific Gravity (SG)
    • 1.010-1.020
    • (Physiological range 1.001-1.040)
  7. Sodium
    • 135-145 mEq/L
    • ECF
  8. Potassium
    • 3.5-5.0 mEq/L
    • ICF
  9. Calcium
    • Ionized 4.3-5.3 mEq/L
    • Total 8.5-10.5 mg/dL
    • ICF (bone)
  10. Phosphorus
    • 1.8-2.6 mEq/L
    • 2.6-4.5 mg/dL
    • ICF (mostly bone)
  11. Magnesium
    • 1.5-2.0 mEq/L
    • ICF
  12. Chloride
    • 100-108 mEq/L
    • ECF
  13. pH
    7.35-7.45 (7.4)
  14. PaCO2
    35-45mmHg
  15. PaO2
    80-100 mmHg
  16. Oxygen Saturation
    95-99%
  17. Base Excess
    +/- 2
  18. Bicarbonate
    22-30 mmol/L
  19. Anion Gap
    12 mEq/L +/- 2
  20. Respiratory Acidosis
  21. Respiratory Alkalosis
  22. Metabolic Acidosis
  23. Metabolic Alkalosis
  24. Electrolytes affected by Kidney Dysfunction
    K+, Ca++, PSO4-, Mg+ all increase
  25. Electrolytes that potentiate Digoxin Toxicity
    • Decreased K+ and Mg+
    • Increased Ca++
  26. Electrolytes affected by Insulin
    K+, PSO4-, Mg+ all decrease
  27. Electrolytes affected by Adrenal dysfunction (Addison's disease)
    K+ and Mg+ increase
  28. Electrolytes affected by Parathyroid Gland
    • Decreased Function---> Decreased Ca++ and Increased PSO4-
    • Increased Function--> Increased Ca++ and Decreased PSO4-
  29. Electrolytes affected by Thiazides
    • K+ and PSO4- decrease
    • Ca++ increases
    • (Cl- decreases with all diuretics)
  30. Electrolytes affected by Loop Diuretics
    • K+, Ca++, Mg+ all decrease
    • (Cl- decreases with all diuretics)

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