After a virus binds to a host cell and the viral genome makes its way inside, what two cycles may occur for the reproduction of phages?
How would one characterize the major difference between the cycles?
Lytic cycle and the lysogenic cycle.
The lytic cycle destroys the host cell whereas the lysogenic cycle allows for replication of the phage genome without destroying the cell.
Lytic cycle: Virulent or temperate phage, destruction of host DNA, production of new phages, Lysis of host cell causes release of progeny phages.
Lysogenic cycle: Temperate phage only, Genome integrates into bacterial chromosome as prophage which 1) is replicated and passed on to daughter cells and 2) can be induced to leave the chromosome and initate a lytic cycle.