A and P Exam 5

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A and P Exam 5
2011-05-08 00:48:57

final exam
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  1. What are the two main divisions of the respirtory system?
  2. upper respiratory system
  3. lower respiratory system
  4. conducting system
  5. bronchioles
  6. alveoli
  7. What part of the tract is involved in regulating airflow of the tract?
  8. What is the function of the Type I Aveolar Cell?
  9. What is the function of the Type II Aveolar Cell?
  10. Aveolar Cell
  11. inspiratory reserve volume
  12. expiratory reserve volume
  13. vital capacity
  14. tidal volume
  15. residual volume
  16. What is Boyle's Law and what does it have to do with the lungs?
  17. Bucket Handle Movement
  18. What changes the size of the thoracic cavity?
  19. Why do the lungs remain inflated in the plural cavity?
  20. What causes the plural cavity to deflate?
  21. What are the 3 layers of the respiratory membrane?
  22. How does gas exchange occur in the body?
  23. How does the partial pressure of oxygen in the alveolus cause diffusion of oxygen into the blood?
  24. How does partial pressure affect diffusion from the capillary into the tissue?
  25. What are some of the ways to reestablish airflow?
  26. What is compliance of the lungs?
  27. What is recoil?
  28. What are some proccesses that can decrease the compliance or the recoil?
  29. How is oxygen carried in the blood?
  30. How is carbon dioxide carried in the blood?
  31. What is hemoglobin-oxygen dissociation curve?
  32. Where would you expect to find the greatest and least amount of blood?
  33. What factors effect binding of hemoglobin and why?
  34. chloride shift
  35. What parts of the nervous system control respiration?
  36. What are the functions of the digestive system?
  37. mouth
  38. esophagus
  39. stomach
  40. small intestine
  41. colon
  42. peristalsis
  43. segmentation
  44. enteric plexus
  45. What is meant by the "gut-brain"?
  46. What is the role of the liver in digestion?
  47. What is bile? What is its function? Where does it act?
  48. What is the role of the pancreas in digestion?
  49. What kinds of enzymes does the pancreas synthesize? Where are the made?
  50. What cells secrete bicarbonate to nuetralize acid?
  51. Why is bicarbonate necessary for the digestive process in the duodenum?
  52. What part of the GI tract are the pancreatic juices and bile secreted into?
  53. What is chyme? Where is it formed?
  54. What happens during swallowing?
  55. Where does nutrient absorbtion being?
  56. cephalic phase
  57. How are lipids metabolized and absorbed?
  58. What is the function of the large intestine?
  59. probiotics
  60. CCK
  61. gastrin
  62. secretin
  63. What is the function of the gallbladder?
  64. nutrition
  65. metabolism
  66. calorie
  67. kilocalorie
  68. How many kilocalories are found in one gram of fat, protien, and carbohydrate?
  69. What are the main sources of carbohydrate, protien, and lipids in the diet?
  70. carbohydrate metabolism
  71. protien metabolism
  72. lipid metabolism
  73. What are the three ways metabolic energy is used in the body?
  74. What can a person do to change their basal metabolic rate?
  75. What are the functions of the urinary system?
  76. What should a normal urinalysis have or not have in the urine?
  77. What forms the renal corpuscle?
  78. What forms the filtration membrane?
  79. How is filtrate formed?
  80. How does filtrate cross the membrane?
  81. How much filtrate ends up as urine and what happens to the rest of it?
  82. How does filtrate in the capsular space compare to plasma?
  83. What is Glomerular Filtration Rate and what things can affect it?
  84. How does the osmolarity of the extracellular fluid in the medulla affect water reabsorbed?
  85. How does the counter current multiplier system affect the osmolarity of the medulla?
  86. What is secretion and where does it occur?
  87. If something is secreted what would its clearance be?
  88. What part of the nephron tubular system (the or the collecting duct) are affected by ADH and aldosterone?
  89. Which parts of the tubular system are permeable to water?
  90. Which parst of the tubule have sodium actively pumped out of the tubule?
  91. Approximately what amount of body weight is from water volume and where is the water volume in the body?
  92. Where is glucose reabsorbed in the kidney tubules?
  93. What is the JG apparatus?
  94. What two cell types form the JG apparatus?
  95. What is renin and what does it do?
  96. Angiotensonogen
  97. angiotensin I
  98. angiotensin II
  99. What is aldosterone's effect on the body?
  100. How does the body regulate Acid-Base balance?
  101. Meiosis
  102. spermatogonial cells
  103. primary spermatocyte
  104. secondary spermatocyte
  105. spermatid
  106. What is the function of the interstitial (Leydig) cell?
  107. What is the functino of the Sertoli cell?
  108. seminal vesicles
  109. prostate glands
  110. primordial follicle
  111. primary follicle
  112. secondary follicle
  113. Graffian follicle
  114. corpus luteum
  115. What does ovulation occur?
  116. Which pituitary hormone triggers ovulation?
  117. What happens with meiosis to the egg after ovulation and after fertilization?
  118. What is the function of estrogen on the uterus?
  119. What is the function of progesterone on the uterus?
  120. What are the three stages of the uterine cycle?
  121. What is the function of the oviduct?
  122. Where does fertilization normally occur?
  123. Where does implantation usually occur?