VLI Intensive Lecture 3 Proverbs

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  1. What is this describing? This book is an example of conventional (proverbial) wisdom. It contains pithy sayings, usually exhortation, negative or positive, which define the good life. The Hebrew word this book (mashal) means “lesson.”
    Background information for the book of Proverbs
  2. What is this describing? The authorship is composite; it is attributed to Solomon. He reigned from 971/970 to 931/930 BC. Some material precedes him, being collected by him and his court; some comes from his time and from generations after his reign. The contents are inspired by the Holy Spirit.
    Background information for the book of Proverbs
  3. What is this describing? The Solomonic era was a period of urbanization and enlightenment due to the centralization of the monarchy and economic growth. This book, in part, reflects young men moving from the countryside to the city, facing new moral and social environment, with new challenges and temptations.
    Background information for the book of Proverbs
  4. What is this describing? This book comes from parents instructing their children (1:8), child-rearing (4:1-4), and the work of teachers and instructors (5:13).
    Background information for the book of Proverbs
  5. What is this describing? The thought is often expressed in antithetical parallelism- establishing moral absolutes.
    Background information for the book of Proverbs
  6. What is this describing? The book, in its present form, was compiled during the 5th to 4th centuries BC.
    Background information for the book of Proverbs
  7. Which book’s purpose is this describing? To apply the Law of God to everyday life, leading to the good life. It’s designed to make u wise. It warns us to avoid the fool, the mocker, the unrighteous, and the sinner. It’s a guidebook for successful living, based upon the law of Deuteronomic Retribution (If this, then that). Prosperity is a sign of divine favor. It’s a “how to” book of prudent moral behavior. It teaches how to please God and live sensibly and well. Virtue is commended, not for its own sake, but as it is related to the will of God and it leads to success. Wisdom is practical and relational (deals with relationships).
    One of the three purposes of Proverbs
  8. Which book’s purpose is this describing? To show the merging of faith with reason, the sacred with the secular. Since the Bible doesn’t know these categories, it is better to say that Proverbs (along with the Law) shows that all of life, for God’s people, is sacred, to be lived under the sovereignty of his rulership, his kingdom. It covers everything from one’s sex life to finances. It reflects the underlying assumption that the God of creation is also the God who orders and directs all of life. Its paradigm is a unified worldview where God speaks through his creation (founded by wisdom) and human observations about everyday life. References to nature provide analogies or direction for human experience.
    One of the three purposes of Proverbs
  9. Which book’s purpose is this describing? To contrast the way of wisdom with the way of folly. While the book does not reflect our spiritual battle, the verse assume that this is a fallen world. We are tempted to deviate from God’s path and go our own way, tricked, seduced or foolish. To live in this world we need to know the Wisdom which God used to create and order it. This comes by “special revelation,” starting with fearing him (1:7).
    One of the three purposes of Proverbs
  10. How are we to approach Proverbs?
    Passionately, Sacrificially, Faithfully, and Devotedly.
  11. List (in 1 sentence each) the six keys to interpreting proverbial sayings. (Sect. 24)
    • 1. Proverbs are gnomic truth.
    • 2. Proverbial sayings assume that God works through life.
    • 3.The context of many Proverbs is unknown or is unique to ancient Israel’s society.
    • 4. Proverbs are like beads- strung together but separate. They are to be read as a collection and balanced against one another as well as compared with the rest of Scripture.
    • 5. Key: Wisdom is knowing when to use a proverb.
    • 6. Proverbs are worded to be memorable, not to be theoretically precise.
  12. Describe (in 2-3 paragraphs) six of the eleven “characteristics” of the wise person, according to Proverbs. Each “characteristic” is one of these sections: Sect. 25.1-25.11
    • The wise are passionate for wisdom, sacrificing all to get her (4:6-7), always growing, teachable (19:27). They listen and add to their learning (1:5; 10:14), walk with other wise (13:20) and are receptive to rebuke (1:23; 9:8; 15:31; 17:10; 25:12; 28:23; 29:1). They gain sound judgment and discernment (3:21), accept commands (10:8), and heed correction (13:18).
    • 25.2 The wise are righteous, resistant to sinners and their temptations (1:10-19), obedient to God, and walk the straight path – acknowledge the Lord in all ways (3:6). They are disciplined by him out of love (3:11; 10:17; 21:1), hate evil (8:13), make amends (14:9) and keep the Law (28:7, 9).
    • 25.3 The wise fear the Lord (1:7; 2:5); they are protected by him (2:7-8). (2:10); they trust in the Lord with the whole heart (3:5); they have a cheerful heart (17:22); their heart reflects their being (27:19).
    • 25.5 The wise are faithful sexually in marriage and are unresponsive to seduction (2:16- 22; 5:1-23; 6:23-35; 7:1-27; 22:14; 23:27-28; 29:3); they find a wife and find what is good (18:22); they find a prudent wife (19:14).
    • 25.6 The wise enjoy long life (3:16), prosperity (3:2; 8:18-21), and health (3:8; 4:22); they leave an inheritance for their grandchildren (13:22)
    • 25.7 The wise are glued to love and faithfulness (3:3); they have faithful friends (18:24).
    • 25.8 The wise honor God with their wealth (3:9); do good to others (3:27); give freely (11:24); are generous (11:25); kind to the needy (14:21, 31); kind to the poor (19:17; 21:13; 22:9, 16, 22; 29:7, 14; 31:8-9); charge low interest (28:8).
    • 25.9 The wise reject violence (1:10ff; 3:31).
    • 25.10 The wise are ambitious, hard working (6:6-11; 10:4-5; 12:11, 24; 20:4; 22:13; 24:30-34; 28:19), but show restraint (23:4); use honest scales (11:1); care for their animals (12:10); gather money slowly (13:11).
    • 25.11 The wise are humble (6:17; 8:13; 11:2; 15:33; 16:5, 18-19; 18:12; 21:4, 24; 22:4; 27:2; 29:23).
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VLI Intensive Lecture 3 Proverbs
2011-05-08 07:29:18

VLI Intensive Lecture 3 Proverbs
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