Card Set Information
Study Test May P2
May 2 A&P2 Study Test
_____________________is meant to determine what and how much we should eat
They can advertise that it is fat free if it is __________________of fat or less.
No fat diet was big in the 80’s. They used _____________________to avoid fat
Fat is needed in our body. Some places that require fat would be the ______________and the___________________________.
Brain, phospholipid bilayer
No ______________leads to depression, sex drive decrease, cell integrity, and dry skin
There are bad fats and good fats, not all are____________________________.
________________________were invented in early 1900’s because it made a cheaper fat. They had a longer shelf life.
__________________________fat is solid at room temperature.
These are liquid at room temperature.
________________________oil has many hydrogen bonds.
Crisco has 1.5 grams per tablespoon of _________________________.
_________________________fat means it has double bonds.
These kick up your cholesterol level and inflammation in your body. It is extremely hard for body to break these down.
______________________oils are much better for you.
These normally come from hydrogenated oils.
trans fatty acids
_______________________oil has one bond.
___________________________are found mostly in vegetables.
______________________neutralize free radicals.
free radicals do___________________________.
HCG diet has lots of success. The downside would be loss of food, would put the body into_____________________________.
The HCG will preserve the____________________.
If you drop below _______________ calories per day you will burn ½ fat and ½ muscles.
1 pound = 3500_____________________.
What burns calories in the body….___________________.
Most of that energy during the course of the day is keeping the body at____________.
_____________more ________________than you consume.
__________________= 6.02 * 10+23
every carbon has hydrogen attached to it.
___________________is better than corn oil and canola oil.
Oils break down at high temps causing_______________________.
Best cooking at high temp would be ________________oil,_____________oil and then _________________oil.
Grapeseed, olive, coconut
_______________________is a great oil does positive things for the body (brain and body chemistry). It is also good for the cardiovascular
This diet lacked fiber causing constipation. It is a heart attack waiting to happen. It lacks in vitamins and minerals.
No carb diet (Atkins diet)
It was during this time that Prozac became popular.
No fat diet
_____________________oil would be the worst.
The body can’t react to it properly. It increases cholesterol and the inflammatory response causing arterial sclerosis in your body.
trans fatty acids or hydrogenated oils
They use up glycogen stores and didn’t supply enough glucose to the brain. It induced ketosis which is the same thing you get when you’re a diabetetic.
The body would burn _____________________with
non carb diet and caused high cholesterol, high blood pressure. This didn’t work well.
Each pound of _________________burns 30 calories.
These are saturated with hydrogen’s.
Too much _______________________makes you not lose weight (coffee, black tea, soda, sugar, refined sugar/flour, high protein diet) slowing down the metabolism.
Citrus is very__________________________.
Can’t burn fat in the presence of_________________.
_______________________stimulates a growth
hormone, production of testosterone, glucagon and production of adrenaline.
There are 6 fat _________________hormones and 3 fat _________________hormones.
_____________________is released by the pancreas and helps control sugar between the meals. This is your storage molecule.
__________________or _____________________is released by the adrenal gland is the one that releases fat from fat cells.
_________________________stimulates IGF which is produce by the liver. It causes muscle growth and retention and promotes fat burning.
Growth hormone, Glucagon, adrenaline or epinephrine, T3 and T4 (Thyroid hormones), and testosterone are all
Fat burning hormones
Insulin, estrogen, and coritsol are all _______________.
Fat storing hormones
Avoid alcohol and other stimulates like coffee, tea, and cola and meds. ______________________produces
many fat burning hormones
Don’t skip meals it lowers your__________________________.
__________________excessive salt and MSG.
Eat lots of ________________________.
Do green drink or ____________________in water.
Get plenty of sleep because _________________works
while we are sleeping.
Avoid stress if possible because it will kick up ______________________.
Causes fat deposition and decreases thyroid function.
______________________which releases sugar from muscles for instant energy causing spike in the insulin and turns muscle protein into fat around the abdomen.
Avoid __________________reducing foods as much as possible (white stuff).
Good _____________________in diet that will bind to receptor cites on cells and stimulate metabolism (flax seed, avocadoes, salmon, olive oil) give you a saty (full feeling) effect.
They are acidic going it but ash coming out.
Spiked _____________________make it hard to burn fat. Avoid excess sugar.
_________________is an important factor. It inhibits insulin and stimulates hormones.
Lower pulse exercises are the ___________________and generally will burn some glycogen stored 30 minutes into exercising.
Intense high pulse exercise (_____________________140 – 180 bpm) normally doesn’t burn fat during exercise.
Intense high pulse exercise burns glycogen stored and it stimulates fat burning. This effect is lost If you eat ___________________before, during or after intense exercise.
Male stores 2000 of___________________, Female can store more.
Kilocalorie 1000 = ________________________.
The amount of energy it takes to raise 1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius
The amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius.
Calorie (kilocalorie) ( C )