May2A&PStudy Test

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harstanner
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84488
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May2A&PStudy Test
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2011-05-08 04:37:21
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Study Test May P2
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May 2 A&P2 Study Test
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  1. _____________________is meant to determine what and how much we should eat
    Food pyramid
  2. They can advertise that it is fat free if it is __________________of fat or less.
    .5 grams
  3. No fat diet was big in the 80’s. They used _____________________to avoid fat
    Alestra
  4. Fat is needed in our body. Some places that require fat would be the ______________and the___________________________.
    Brain, phospholipid bilayer
  5. No ______________leads to depression, sex drive decrease, cell integrity, and dry skin
    Fat
  6. There are bad fats and good fats, not all are____________________________.
    created equal
  7. ________________________were invented in early 1900’s because it made a cheaper fat. They had a longer shelf life.
    Hydrogenated Oils
  8. __________________________fat is solid at room temperature.
    Saturated
  9. These are liquid at room temperature.
    Non-saturated fat
  10. ________________________oil has many hydrogen bonds.
    Polyunsaturated
  11. Crisco has 1.5 grams per tablespoon of _________________________.
    trans fats
  12. _________________________fat means it has double bonds.
    Non-saturated
  13. These kick up your cholesterol level and inflammation in your body. It is extremely hard for body to break these down.
    Saturated fat
  14. ______________________oils are much better for you.
    Unsaturated
  15. These normally come from hydrogenated oils.
    trans fatty acids
  16. _______________________oil has one bond.
    Monounsaturated
  17. ___________________________are found mostly in vegetables.
    Phytochemicals
  18. ______________________neutralize free radicals.
    Anti-oxidants
  19. free radicals do___________________________.
    cell damage
  20. HCG diet has lots of success. The downside would be loss of food, would put the body into_____________________________.
    gluconeogenesis
  21. The HCG will preserve the____________________.
    muscle
  22. If you drop below _______________ calories per day you will burn ½ fat and ½ muscles.
    1200
  23. 1 pound = 3500_____________________.
    kilocalories
  24. What burns calories in the body….___________________.
    Muscle
  25. Most of that energy during the course of the day is keeping the body at____________.
    98.6
  26. _____________more ________________than you consume.
    Burn, calories
  27. __________________= 6.02 * 10+23
    8 Kilocalories
  28. every carbon has hydrogen attached to it.
    Saturated fat
  29. ___________________is better than corn oil and canola oil.
    Olive oil
  30. Oils break down at high temps causing_______________________.
    Carsnagenics
  31. Best cooking at high temp would be ________________oil,_____________oil and then _________________oil.
    Grapeseed, olive, coconut
  32. _______________________is a great oil does positive things for the body (brain and body chemistry). It is also good for the cardiovascular
    system.
    Omega’s 3
  33. This diet lacked fiber causing constipation. It is a heart attack waiting to happen. It lacks in vitamins and minerals.
    No carb diet (Atkins diet)
  34. It was during this time that Prozac became popular.
    No fat diet
  35. _____________________oil would be the worst.
    Corn
  36. The body can’t react to it properly. It increases cholesterol and the inflammatory response causing arterial sclerosis in your body.
    trans fatty acids or hydrogenated oils
  37. They use up glycogen stores and didn’t supply enough glucose to the brain. It induced ketosis which is the same thing you get when you’re a diabetetic.
    free radicals
  38. The body would burn _____________________with
    non carb diet and caused high cholesterol, high blood pressure. This didn’t work well.
    protein
  39. Each pound of _________________burns 30 calories.
    muscle
  40. These are saturated with hydrogen’s.
    Saturated fat
  41. Too much _______________________makes you not lose weight (coffee, black tea, soda, sugar, refined sugar/flour, high protein diet) slowing down the metabolism.
    Acidity
  42. Citrus is very__________________________.
    Alkalizing
  43. Can’t burn fat in the presence of_________________.
    Insulin
  44. _______________________stimulates a growth
    hormone, production of testosterone, glucagon and production of adrenaline.
    Exercise
  45. There are 6 fat _________________hormones and 3 fat _________________hormones.
    Burning, storing
  46. _____________________is released by the pancreas and helps control sugar between the meals. This is your storage molecule.
    Glucagon
  47. __________________or _____________________is released by the adrenal gland is the one that releases fat from fat cells.
    Adrenaline, epinephrine
  48. _________________________stimulates IGF which is produce by the liver. It causes muscle growth and retention and promotes fat burning.
    Growth hormone
  49. Growth hormone, Glucagon, adrenaline or epinephrine, T3 and T4 (Thyroid hormones), and testosterone are all
    ____________________________________.
    Fat burning hormones
  50. Insulin, estrogen, and coritsol are all _______________.
    Fat storing hormones
  51. Avoid alcohol and other stimulates like coffee, tea, and cola and meds. ______________________produces
    many fat burning hormones
    Liver
  52. Don’t skip meals it lowers your__________________________.
    Metabolism
  53. __________________excessive salt and MSG.
    Avoid
  54. Eat lots of ________________________.
    Veggies
  55. Eat ___________________meats.
    Organic
  56. Do green drink or ____________________in water.
    Lemon
  57. Get plenty of sleep because _________________works
    while we are sleeping.
    growth hormones
  58. Avoid stress if possible because it will kick up ______________________.
    coritsol
  59. Causes fat deposition and decreases thyroid function.
    estrogen
  60. ______________________which releases sugar from muscles for instant energy causing spike in the insulin and turns muscle protein into fat around the abdomen.
    coritsol
  61. Avoid __________________reducing foods as much as possible (white stuff).
    acid
  62. Good _____________________in diet that will bind to receptor cites on cells and stimulate metabolism (flax seed, avocadoes, salmon, olive oil) give you a saty (full feeling) effect.
    fats
  63. They are acidic going it but ash coming out.
    Citrus
  64. Spiked _____________________make it hard to burn fat. Avoid excess sugar.
    Insulin
  65. _________________is an important factor. It inhibits insulin and stimulates hormones.
    Exercise
  66. Lower pulse exercises are the ___________________and generally will burn some glycogen stored 30 minutes into exercising.
    Aerobic
  67. Intense high pulse exercise (_____________________140 – 180 bpm) normally doesn’t burn fat during exercise.
    Anaerobic
  68. Intense high pulse exercise burns glycogen stored and it stimulates fat burning. This effect is lost If you eat ___________________before, during or after intense exercise.
    Sugar
  69. Male stores 2000 of___________________, Female can store more.
    Glycogen
  70. Kilocalorie 1000 = ________________________.
    Calories
  71. The amount of energy it takes to raise 1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius
    Calorie (cal)
  72. The amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius.
    Calorie (kilocalorie) ( C )

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