WoRlD cIv CHAPTER 14

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Author:
emilyyx14
ID:
84613
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WoRlD cIv CHAPTER 14
Updated:
2011-05-08 20:38:15
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  1. Magna Carta:
    • attempted to limit royal power
    • protection from unjust taxes
    • no taxation w/o representation
    • created limited monarchy
  2. Parliament
    • arose due to the need of money
    • called whenever new taxes needed
    • weakened power of lords
    • became check on royal power
  3. House of Commons
    knights and burgesses
  4. House of Lords
    nobles and bishops
  5. Estates General
    • *SHOWED IMPORTANCE OF TOWNSPEOPLE
    • decrease power of nobility
    • never acted to limit power of king
  6. Pope Boniface
    ordered kings to stop taxing clergy
  7. bulls
    official statement by the pope
  8. Unam Sanctum
    • 2 powers on earth:
    • - temporal; earthly (king)
    • - spiritual; heavenly (pope)
  9. Unam Sanctum says this is the most supreme
    • spiritual power
    • (kings must obey pope)
  10. Great Schism
    great schism divided the church
  11. During the Great Schism where were the 2 popes located
    1 Avignon; 1 in Rome
  12. John Wycliffe
    • Said that:
    • Jesus was the true head of the church not pope
    • poverty for the church was better than riches
    • bible not pope was the final authority of christian life
    • translated new testament into english
    • became hero for attacking pope
  13. John Huss
    • bible not pope was the final authority
    • excommunicated and burned at stake
  14. who were the two people burned at stake
    • John Huss
    • Joan of Arc
  15. Where did the black plague come from
    black sea from sicily
  16. weapons of 100 year war:
    • bow
    • cannon
  17. Joan of Arc
    • turned tide of war
    • drive england out of france
    • give france crown to true king
    • thought to be a witch
  18. how long did the 100 year last
    116
  19. court of star chamber
    • secret
    • violated fairness & justice
    • used to destroy enemies of keeping peace
    • accepted as means of keeping peace
    • respected not loved
  20. Inquisition
    • history of religious tolerance
    • isabel decreed 1 king, 1 law, 1 religion
    • pope granted permission
    • focused on new converts
  21. Impact of black death on the world
    • villages disappeared
    • kept returning
    • 1/3 of population died in 5 years
  22. what happened in spain (4)
    • recoquista
    • cortes (parliament)
    • expulsion of jews
    • inquisition
  23. what happened in england (5)
    • developed as nation
    • war of roses
    • magna carta
    • supported by Rome
    • great schisim
  24. what happened in france (8)
    • developed as nation
    • estates general (parliament)
    • supported by Avignon
    • ruled by england
    • hundred years war
    • siege of orleans
    • parliament of paris
    • joan of arc
  25. What makes up Estates General
    • Church Leaders
    • Great Lords
    • Middle Class
  26. How Great Schism ended
    • council of constance
    • pope asked to resign
    • new pope selected

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